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MCM431 Solved MCQs+ Solved Online Quiz Files

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            Development Communication

                                            Solved MCQs

 

 

 

1)     Development support communication is based on which of the following?

i)        ► Intrapersonal communication

ii)      ► E-mails

iii)    ► Cultural based communication

iv)    ► Social Constructs

 

 

2)     The roots of the modern western concept of development can be traced back from:

i)        ► Ancient Greece history

ii)      ► Ancient Egypt history

iii)    ► Ancient Roman history

iv)    ► Ancient Islamic history

 

 

3)     Farm Radio Forums was founded in which of the following country?

i)        ► America

ii)      ► France

iii)   Canada

iv)    ► England

 

 

4)     Which of the following was presumed to equate to Westernization?

i)        ► Transformation

ii)      ► Revolution

iii)    ► Modernization

iv)    ► Insurrection

 

 

5)     In the new view of development, communication is:

i)        ► An important catalyst for change

ii)      ► An important cause of change

iii)    ► The only catalyst of change

iv)    ► Not important in bringing change

 

 

6)     What is the correct sequence of Lass well formula?

i)        ► Who says what, through which channel, with what effect.

ii)      ► Through which channel, who, says what, to whom, with what effect.

iii)    ► Who, says what, to whom, through which channel, with what effect

iv)    ► Says what, who, to whom, through which channel, with what effect.

 

 

7)     Which of the following are two decoding skills according to David Berlo?

i)        ► Listening and reading

ii)      ► Speaking and listening

iii)    ► Speaking and writing

iv)    ► Listening and writing

 

8)     In which of the following year UNFPA allocated 17 percent of its resources for communication and education programmes?

i)        ► 1990

ii)      ► 1992

iii)    ► 1995

iv)    ► 2000

 

9)     Which of the following is sufficient to address communication problems?

i)        ► Media buying

ii)      ► Media training

iii)    ► Development Communication

iv)    ► Propoganda

 

10) Which of the following tool is used for audience segmentation, to identify perceived benefits, build programme brand and create demand in the process of change through communication?

i)        ► Mass Media

ii)      ► Folk Media

iii)    ► Social Mobilization

iv)   Social marketing

 

11) The effects of __________ cause the city to become 2 to 10o F warmer than surrounding landscapes.

i)        ► Modernization

ii)      ► Industrialization

iii)    ►  Urbanization

iv)    ► Globalization

 

12) The construction of new towns by the Housing Development Board of Singapore is an example of:

i)        ► Planned urbanization

ii)      ► Unplanned urbanization

iii)    ► Collision of nations

iv)    ► Urban designing

 

13) In transistor radios there is ___________ of communication.

i)        ► One-way flow

ii)      ► Two-way flow

iii)    ► Three-way flow

iv)    ► Tetra-way flow

 

14) According to Everett M Rogers, which of the following is an engine of change from the ‘traditional’ to the ‘modern’ society?

i)        ► Development Journalism

ii)      ► Development Communication

iii)    ► Development Support Communication

iv)    ► Public service broadcasting

 

15) All are the characteristics of Development Journalism, except:

i)        ► Inclusion of hitherto unheard voices

ii)      ► Cultural identity and community

iii)    ► Journalistic ‘agency’ or ‘free will’

iv)  Good programming

 

16) Which of the following refer to the organized efforts to use communication process and media to bring social and economic improvement, generally in developing countries?

i)        ► Development Communication

ii)      ► Development Support Communication

iii)    ► Lasswell Formula

iv)    ► Community Journalism

 

17) In the SMCR model, what is “S”?

i)        ► Specialty

ii)      ► Source

iii)    ► Start

iv)    ► Sender

 

18) Roger’s Innovation Decision Process theory states that diffusion of innovation is a process that occurs over time through five stages. Which one is the first stage?

i)        ► Knowledge

ii)      ► Persuasion

iii)    ► Decision

iv)    ► Implementation

 

19) All are among the five stages of the process of Diffusion of Innovation stated by Roger Except:

i)        ► Socialization

ii)      ► Knowledge

iii)    ► Persuasion

iv)    ► Decision

 

20) Who among the following defined development communication as "A process of dialogue, information sharing, mutual understanding and agreement, and collective action"?

i)        ► National Book Foundation

ii)      ► Rockefeller Foundation

iii)    ► Mckee Foundation

iv)    ► World Development Foundation

 

21) According to Michael Lipton, the most important class conflict in the poor countries of the world today exists between:

i)        ► Labor and Capital Class

ii)      ► Foreign and National Interests

iii)    ► Rural and Urban Class

iv)    ► Elite and Middle Class

 

22) In Asia, One of the fastest rates of industrialization occurred in the late 20th century across four countries which are known as:

i)        ► The Asian Tigers

ii)      ► The Asian Devils

iii)    ► The Asian Lions

iv)    ► The Asian Gorillas

 

23) According to Lerner, the interaction between __________can make people in Third World countries break out of the bonds of traditionalism and adopt modernizing values and practices.

i)       Literacy and mass media

ii)      ► Democracy and Urbanization

iii)    ► Government and People

iv)    ► Industrialization and rural development

 

24) A significant part of implementing development journalism emphasizes on framing audiences as:

i)        ► Consumers

ii)      ► Citizens

iii)    ► Commodities

iv)    ► Emotional Fools

 

25)Which of the following theory dominates the early generation of development communication studies?

 

i)       ► Socialization

ii)      ► Modernization

iii)    ► Post modernization

iv)    ► Development

 

26) GNP stands for what?

i)       ► Gross National Product

 

ii)    ► Greater Nottingham Partnership

 

iii)  ► Grand Nationwide Partnership

 

iv)   ► Grand Nation Presentation

 

 

27) Which of the following phenomena is considered to be a product of Technology and Capital?

i)        ► Industrialization

ii)      ► Communism

iii)    ► Localization

iv)    ► Religious extremism

 

28) The last step of  Rural Development Campaigns is

i)        ► Formulation of specific objectives aimed at solving a significant problem

ii)     Systematic monitoring and evaluation

iii)    ► Focus on a few critically important messages

iv)     ► Planning the entire process

 

 

 

 

 

29) Which of the following is true about Development support communication? 

i)        ► It has specific goals.

ii)      ► It has general goals.

iii)    ► It has universal goals.

iv)    ► It has diversified goals.

 

30) Which of the following view considers communication as a source of power and oppression of individuals and social groups in the communication theory framework?

i)        ► Systemic

ii)     Critical

iii)    ► Mechanistic

iv)    ► Psychological

 

1)     The practice of Development Support Communication is a __________ process.

i)        ► Multi-sectoral

ii)      ► Uni-sectoral

iii)    ► Bi-sectoral

iv)    ► Tri-sectoral

 

2)     Which of the following country made an experimental satellite communication project to bring informational television programs?

i)        ► Maldives

ii)      ► Indonesia

iii)    ► Malaysia

iv)    ► India

 

b)     , pioneered in Brazil has demonstrated some success in disseminating “pro-social” messages.

i)        ► Radio

ii)      ► Television

iii)    ► Telenovela

iv)    ► Internet

 

3)     According to David Berlo, there are _________ verbal communication skills.

i)        ► Three

ii)      ► Five

iii)    ► Two

iv)    ► Ten

 

4)     Who presented SMCR model?

i)        ► Lasswell

ii)     David Berlo

iii)    ► E. Roger

iv)    ► Dr. Mahboob ul Haq

 

 

 

 

5)     United Nations mandated _________ as the principal organization to be responsible for communication.

i)        ► UNESCO

ii)      ► UNICEF

iii)    ► WTO

iv)    ► WHO

 

6)     In the late 1960s, ___________ ruled intellectual definitions and discussions of development.

i)        ► Dependency paradigm

ii)      ► Dominant paradigm

iii)    ► Modernization paradigm

iv)    ► Developmental paradigm

 

7)     Development communication refers to the combination of actions by:

i)        ► Government

ii)      ► Donors

iii)    ► Civil Society

iv)    ► All of the given options

 

8)     _____________ in development communication is decisive for behavioral change.

i)        ► Intrapersonal communication

ii)      ► Interpersonal communication

iii)    ► Meta communication

iv)    ► Non verbal communication

 

9)     Which of the following city is American grid system of development?

i)        ► Chicago

ii)      ► New York

iii)    ► California

iv)    ► Washington

 

10) The effects of __________ cause the city to become 2 to 10o F warmer than surrounding landscapes.

i)        ► Modernization

ii)      ► Industrialization

iii)    ►  Urbanization

iv)    ► Globalization

 

11) The construction of new towns by the Housing Development Board of Singapore is an example of:

i)        ► Planned urbanization

ii)      ► Unplanned urbanization

iii)    ► Collision of nations

iv)    ► Urban designing

 

12) Which of the following refers to the process by which an innovation is communicated through certain channels over time among the members of a social system?

i)        ► Globalization

ii)      ► Demotion

iii)   Diffusion

iv)    ► Modernization

 

13) Which of the following paradigm of development communication stressed on the transfer of technology and socio-political culture of modernity from the developed North to the Third World?

i)        ► Development Paradigm

ii)      ► Dominant Paradigm

iii)    ► Modernization Paradigm

iv)    ► Dependency Paradigm

 

14)Community-based dangue prevention in Lahore is an example of __________.

 

i)        ► Media Advocacy

ii)      ► Development Communication

iii)    ► Community Empowerment

iv)    ► Social Marketing

 

15) All are the characteristics of Development Journalism, except:

i)        ► Inclusion of hitherto unheard voices

ii)      ► Cultural identity and community

iii)    ► Journalistic ‘agency’ or ‘free will’

iv)    ► Good programming

 

16) Which of the following refer to the organized efforts to use communication process and media to bring social and economic improvement, generally in developing countries?

i)        ► Development Communication

ii)      ► Development Support Communication

iii)    ► Lasswell Formula

iv)    ► Community Journalism

 

17) Roger’s Innovation Decision Process theory states that diffusion of innovation is a process that occurs over time through five stages. Which one is the first stage?

i)        ► Knowledge

ii)      ► Persuasion

iii)    ► Decision

iv)    ► Implementation

 

18) Who among the following defined development communication as "A process of dialogue, information sharing, mutual understanding and agreement, and collective action"?

i)        ► National Book Foundation

ii)      ► Rockefeller Foundation

iii)    ► Mckee Foundation

iv)    ► World Development Foundation

 

19)Which of the following theory dominates the early generation of development communication studies?

 

i)       ► Socialization

 

 

 

ii)      ► Modernization

iii)    ► Post modernization

iv)    ► Development

 

20) As per modernization theory, which of the following was viewed as the “bottleneck” that prevented the adoption of modern attitudes and behavior for the sake of development?

i)        ► Culture

ii)      ► Information

iii)    ► People

iv)    ► Media

 

21) Development policies of the 1950s and 1960s paid little attention to the:

i)        ► Equality of development benefits

ii)      ► Growth of development projects

iii)    ► Implementation of development projects

iv)    ► None of the given options

 

22) As per Roger’s Model of Diffusion of Innovation, the third world countries’ population is placed in the category of “Laggards”. Which means that?

i)        ► They are slow to adopt any change

ii)      ► They do not take any time to adopt a change

iii)    ► They never adopt any change

iv)    ► They adopt the change if there are financial incentives

 

23) Over the last few years urbanization of rural areas has:

i)        ► No change

ii)     Increased

iii)    ► Decreased

iv)    ► Slow down

 

24) What is Not true for public service broadcasting?

i)        ► Universal appeal

ii)      ► Attention to minorities

iii)    ► National identity & community

iv)  Focus on rural (remotest) areas

 

25)The roots of the modern western concept of development can be traced back from:

i)        ► Ancient Greece history

ii)     Ancient Egypt history

iii)    ► Ancient Roman history

iv)    ► Ancient Islamic history

 

26) Which of the following view considers communication as a source of power and oppression of individuals and social groups in the communication theory framework?

i)        ► Systemic

ii)     Critical

iii)    ► Mechanistic

iv)    ► Psychological

 

27) Which of the following country made an experimental satellite communication project to bring informational television programs?

i)        ► Maldives

ii)      ► Indonesia

iii)    ► Malaysia

iv)  India

 

28) In the new view of development, communication is:

i)        ► An important catalyst for change

ii)      ► An important cause of change

iii)    ► The only catalyst of change

iv)    ► Not important in bringing change

 

29) When did David Berlo presented his SMCR model?

i)        ► 1980

ii)      ► 1965

iii)   1960

iv)    ► 1970

 

30) Which of the following are two decoding skills according to David Berlo?

i)       Listening and reading

ii)      ► Speaking and listening

iii)    ► Speaking and writing

iv)    ► Listening and writing

1)     According to World Bank, “__________, if used correctly, can help increase workers’ productivity, make governments and companies more flexible, and improve decision-making?

i)        ► Information technology

ii)      ► Man power

iii)    ► Economic policies

iv)    ► Nuclear technology

 

 

2)     Which of the following tool is used for audience segmentation, to identify perceived benefits, build programme brand and create demand in the process of change through communication?

i)        ► Mass Media

ii)      ► Folk Media

iii)    ► Social Mobilization

iv)    ► Social marketing

 

 

 

 

3)     The ultimate objective of development communication is to improve opportunities for _________  and access to information.

i)        ► International dialogue

ii)      ► Bilateral dialogue

iii)    ► Community dialogue

iv)  National dialogue

 

 

4)     Development communication refers to the combination of actions by:

i)        ► Government

ii)      ► Donors

iii)    ► Civil Society

iv)    ► All of the given options

 

 

5)     How is empowerment measured?

i)        ► By delayed effects

ii)      ► By social diffusion  model

iii)    ► By developing and refining indicators

iv)    ► By changing the social norms

 

 

6)     Public service broadcasting is inherited from which of the following model?

i)       BBC model

ii)      ► SMCR model

iii)    ► Linear model

iv)    ► Circular model

 

 

7)     In transistor radios there is ___________ of communication.

i)        ► One-way flow

ii)      ► Two-way flow

iii)    ► Three-way flow

iv)    ► Tetra-way flow

 

 

8)     What type of change is involved in development in which new ideas are introduced into a social system in order to produce higher per-capita incomes and levels of living through more modern production methods and improved social organization?

i)        ► Social

ii)      ► Material

iii)    ► Economical

iv)    ► Behavioral

 

 

9)     The primary focus of FAO's work in communication for development lies in _____________.

i)        ► Rural areas

ii)      ► Urban areas

iii)    ► Metropolitan level

iv)    ► Municipal level

 

 

10)Community-based dangue prevention in Lahore is an example of __________.

 

i)        ► Media Advocacy

ii)      ► Development Communication

iii)    ► Community Empowerment

iv)    ► Social Marketing

 

 

11) Research in urban ecology finds that larger cities provide __________.

i)        ► More specialized goods and services

ii)      ► Economies draw back

iii)    ► Environment pollution

iv)    ► Lack of transportation facilities

 

 

12) According to Everett M Rogers, which of the following is an engine of change from the ‘traditional’ to the ‘modern’ society?

i)        ► Development Journalism

ii)      ► Development Communication

iii)    ► Development Support Communication

iv)    ► Public service broadcasting

 

 

13) A Channel is ________________ in the process of communication.

 

i)        ► A vehicle used to deliver a message

ii)      ► An audience preference

iii)    ► Part of a cable system

iv)    ► A package of information

 

 

14) Who among the following defined development communication as "A process of dialogue, information sharing, mutual understanding and agreement, and collective action"?

i)        ► National Book Foundation

ii)      ► Rockefeller Foundation

iii)    ► Mckee Foundation

iv)    ► World Development Foundation

 

 

15) According to Michael Lipton, the most important class conflict in the poor countries of the world today exists between:

i)        ► Labor and Capital Class

ii)      ► Foreign and National Interests

iii)    ► Rural and Urban Class

iv)    ► Elite and Middle Class

 

 

16) The phenomenon of upper and middle class people moving out of cities and into the suburbs is known as:

i)        ► White Flight

ii)      ► City Flight

iii)    ► Local Flight

iv)    ► Red Flight

 

 

17) In Asia, One of the fastest rates of industrialization occurred in the late 20th century across four countries which are known as:

i)       The Asian Tigers

ii)      ► The Asian Devils

iii)    ► The Asian Lions

iv)    ► The Asian Gorillas

 

 

18) Which of the following approach to development communication is associated with the elevation of the aspirations of the newly independent nations of the Third World for political, economic and cultural self-determination and an ideological distancing from Western forms of modernization?

i)        ► Dependency-dissociation Approach

ii)      ► Functionalist Approach

iii)    ► Modernization Approach

iv)    ► None of the given options

 

 

19)From which of the following perspectives, communication was understood as a linear, unidirectional process in which senders send information through media channels to receivers?

 

i)        ► Transmission/persuasion

ii)      ► Knowledge-transfer

iii)    ► Behavioral change

iv)    ► Psycho analytical

 

 

20) Which of the following phenomena is considered to be a product of Technology and Capital?

i)        ► Industrialization

ii)      ► Communism

iii)    ► Localization

iv)    ► Religious extremism

 

 

21) What is Not true for public service broadcasting?

i)        ► Universal appeal

ii)      ► Attention to minorities

iii)    ► National identity & community

iv)    ► Focus on rural (remotest) areas

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

. Which of the following is not a tool of Interpersonal communication?

 

Visioning sessions

Discussion and debate

Focus group discussions

Poster and banners

 

 

Which of the following does not come under the category of Group Media

tools?

 

Photography, drawings, flip charts

Posters and banners

Video recordings

Theatre

 

Which of the following come under the category of Group media tools?

 

Audio recordings

Songs, music, sayings, stories

Role playing

Rural radio

 

Which of the following is best suitable approach for development

communication campaign in rural area?

 

Participatory approach

Social marketing approach

Isolation approach

Integral approach

 

Local press comes under which of the following category?

 

Group media tool

Traditional media tool

Interpersonal communication tools

Mass media

 

Workshops and Exhibitions come under which of the following category?

Group media tool

Traditional media tool

Interpersonal communication tools

Mass media

 

PRA Techniques come under which of the following category?

 

Group media tool

Traditional media tool

Interpersonal communication tools

Mass media

 

Which of the following measures development in economic terms?

 

Dominant paradigm

Alternative paradigm

Social responsibility theory

Dependency theory

 

Dominant paradigm of development was generally thought to be valid or at least

not questioned until when? 

 

1970

1980

1990

2000

 

Which of the following remains the most widely available and affordable mass

medium for disadvantaged groups? 

 

Radio 

Multimedia 

Slide tape programmes 

Tele text 

 

Which of the following is the Common misconception about the role of

communication in development?

 

Information is enough to change behavior.

Unrealistic expectations about time of effects.

Communication is only necessary for a short period of time.

Media training is sufficient to address communication problems.

 

“Combination of actions by governments, donors, and civil society.” It refers to

which of the following key approaches?

 

Focus on individual and contextual factors 

Integrate top-down and bottom-up approaches

Have a tool-kit approach

Combine media and interpersonal communication 

 

Social mobilization is used for which of the following purposes?

 

To bolster participation from a variety of organizations and

support outreach efforts.

To identify perceived benefits, build program brand and create demand.

To gain support from governments and donors and to put issues in the

public agenda.

To reach large populations, particularly during emergencies 

 

All of the following are the tools of traditional media, EXCEPT?

 

Story telling

Songs

Theatre

Slideshows

 

All of the following are the mass media tools, EXCPT?

 

Rural Radio

Television

Discussion and Debate 

Internet

 

6. Popular/folk media implicit to be less effective to generate dialogue and activate

information networks.

False

 

7. Combining media and interpersonal communication stimulates social networks

and peer conversation.

True

 

8. Development Communication can not utilize interpersonal channels.

False

 

9. Interpersonal Communication is very important for behavioral change.

True

 

10. Participatory rural appraisal techniques fall under the category of interpersonal

communication tools.

True

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At the heart of industrialization were technology and capital, which substituted for

labor.

 

Technology

Capital 

Both technology and capital

None of the given options 

 

-------------- paradigm/s rest on the premise of (limitless) economic growth.

 

Neo traditional 

Neo marxist and neo classical 

Technological 

Global 

 

During the 1970s new discourse/s of Sustainable development emerged which

appeared to challenge the dominant paradigm

 

Sustainable development 

Limited development

Technology

All of the given options 

 

4. In the field of development, (WID) approach refers to --------------. 

 

Women integrated development 

Western independent development 

Women in development 

None of the given options 

 

5. In the late 1960s and the 1970s world events, combined with intellectual critiques,

began to crack the credibility of the dominant paradigm.

 

Dominant paradigm

Alternative development paradigm

New paradigm of development 

Global development paradigm

 

6. Which one is not among the five freedoms of Amartya Sen’s concept of development?

 

 

 

 

Political freedom

Economic facilities

Choices and capabilities

Social opportunities

 

7. The year 1760 is generally accepted as the “eve” of ------------.

 

The French Revolution 

The Industrial Revolution 

Elite Revolution

Good Will Revolution 

 

 

8. Dominant paradigm uses --------------------- communication to spread development. 

 

Top Down 

Horizontal 

Bottom to Top 

None of the given options 

 

 

9. Dominant put its focus on the -------------- development. 

 

Spiritual 

Human 

Material

None of the given options 

 

10. In the early 1970s, modernization theory was the dominant paradigm of the

development communication. 

 

2007

1970

1870

1800

 

 

Summative evaluation is done --------------- of the implementation of the programme.

 

At the start

At the end

During the designing 

None of the given options

 

2. The kinds of approaches to evaluation based on the intentions of the evaluator are ----------------------.

 

Process vs. Outcomes

Internal vs. external

Formative vs. summative 

None of the given options

 

3 ------------------ is the process of exchange of information between two points usually via a common system of symbols

Communication

Development

Development journalism

None of the given option

 

4. The aim of development communication is to find strategies --------------------.

 

For mobilizing people

For mobilization of resources

For development goals 

All of the given options

 

5. The term "Development Communication" was coined by-----------------.

David Marshal

Nora C. Quebral

Dr. Beire

Alfonso Gumucio

 

6. A ----------------- is someone who engages either deliberately or whose behavior results in social, cultural or behavioral change.

 

Laggard

Adopter

Change agent

None of the given options

 

7. The study of the diffusion of innovation is the study of ----------------- new ideas and technology spread through cultures.

 

How

Why

At what rate

All of the given options

 

 

8. -------------- is the material in the message that was selected by the source to express his/her purpose.

 

Content

Code

Channel

Treatment

 

9. Multimedia consists of -------------.

 

Audio

Video 

Graphics and text

All of the given options 

 

Two decoding skills in SMCR model are -------------------. 

 

Listening and reading

Reading and writing

Listening and writing

Listening and writing

 

 

Posters are the part of 

 

Audio material

Visual material

Audio video material

None of the given options

 

2. Talk boards are.

 

Posters with words

Posters without words

Video stories

All of the given options

 

3. Radio remains the most widely available and affordable mass medium for disadvantaged groups.

 

Radio

Multimedia

Slide tape programmes

Tele text

 

4. Community radio is a type of radio service that caters to the interests of a certain area, broadcasting material that is popular to --------------- but is overlooked by more powerful broadcast groups.   

 

International audience

local audience

journalists

none of the given options

 

5. A ------------------ is an artificial satellite stationed in space for the purposes of telecommunications or reconnaissance using radio at microwave frequencies.

 

Intelligent telephone

Broadcast tele-text

Video text

Communication satellite

 

 

6. Slide tape programmes use sound effects to enhance the effectiveness of the message.

 

True

False

 

7. Theater is a form of development communication projection.

 

True

False

 

8. Community radio helps the neglected communities to be heard and to participate in development processes within societies.

 

True

False

 

9. Multimedia do not combines audio, video, graphics and text.

 

True

False

 

10. Video text is a two way interactive system that links computer data bases to television sets. 

 

True

False

 

 

 

Behaviour change model has been the dominant paradigm in the field of --------------------

 

Development communication

Development Support communication 

Development Journalism

None of the given options

 

2. ------------------ was viewed as the bottleneck that prevented the move into a modern stage.

 

Technology

Culture

Government

Mass media

 

3. The media were ----------------- of modernization.

 

Channels

Indicators

Both Channels and Indicators

Neither Channel nor indicators

 

4. The ----------------- models implicitly assumed that the knowledge of the governments and agencies was correct.   

 

Lasswell communication 

Top down approach of persuasion

Bottom up approach of persuasion

None of the given options

 

5. Participatory theories criticized the modernization theory on the ground that it promoted a ---------------------- view of development.

 

Top down

Ethnocentric

Paternalistic 

All of the given options 

 

6. Luis Ramiro Beltran Says that the solution of underdevelopment problems was essentially informational rather than merely political. 

 

True

False

 

7. Communication initiatives should make use of all media channels available, both modern and traditional.

 

True

False

 

8. Community radio does not enable neglected communities, such as women, to be heard and to participate in democratic processes within societies.

 

True

False

 

9. Dependency theorists argued that the problems of underdevelopment were internal to Third World countries and were not determined by external factors and the way former colonies were integrated into the world economy.

 

True

False

 

10. Entertainment- education is concerned with social change at individual level only.    

True

False

 

At the heart of industrialization were technology and capital, which substituted for labor.

 

Technology

Capital

Both technology and capital

None of the given options

 

2. -------------- paradigm/s rest on the premise of (limitless) economic growth.

 

Neo traditional

Neo marxist and neo classical

Technological

Global

 

3. During the 1970s new discourse/s of Sustainable development emerged which appeared to challenge the dominant paradigm

 

Sustainable development

Limited development

Technology

All of the given options

 

4. In the field of development, (WID) approach refers to --------------. 

 

Women integrated development

Western independent development

Women in development

None of the given options

 

5. In the late 1960s and the 1970s world events, combined with intellectual critiques, began to crack the credibility of the dominant paradigm.

 

Dominant paradigm

Alternative development paradigm

New paradigm of development

Global development paradigm

 

6. Which one is not among the five freedoms of Amartya Sen’s concept of development?

 

Political freedom

Economic facilities

Choices and capabilities

Social opportunities

 

7. The year 1760 is generally accepted as the “eve” of ------------.

 

The French Revolution

The Industrial Revolution 

Elite Revolution

Good Will Revolution

 

 

8. Dominant paradigm uses --------------------- communication to spread development.

 

Top Down

Horizontal

Bottom to Top

None of the given options

 

 

9. Dominant put its focus on the -------------- development.

 

Spiritual

Human

Material

None of the given options

 

10. In the early 1970s, modernization theory was the dominant paradigm of the development communication.

 

2007

1970

1870

1800

 

 

 

-------------------------- is source-oriented because the communicator does not care about the needs and level of his/her targets.

 

Development Support Communication

Communication

Development Communication

Development Journalism

 

In 1975 and 1976, an experimental satellite communications project called----------------------was used to bring informational television programs to rural India.

 

SEEN

SITE

SETELLITE

SETUP

 

World agriculture produces ---------- more calories per person today than it did 30 years ago, despite a 70% population increase

 

17%

30%

71%

03%

 

The United Nations pledged in 1990 to halve the number of people suffering from hunger by -------------------. 

 

2001

2000

2015

2007

 

A simple theoretical construction in our minds representing some reality that exits is called ----------------. 

 

Model

Sculpture

Theory

Hypothesis

 

 

Aristotelian model of communication is the model of ------------ times.  

 

Medieval

Classical Greek

Modern

Post Modern     

 

 

 

 

Who presented the basic model of linear communication?

 

Harold Lasswell

Everett Roger

Osgold

Berlo

 

SMCR model is presented by

 

Harold Lasswell

Everett Roger

Osgold

Berlo

 

 

----------------------is the art and science of human communication linked to a society's planned transformation from a state of poverty to one of dynamic socio-economic growth that makes for greater equity and the larger unfolding of individual potential.

Development Communication

Development Support Communication

Development Journalism

Development Process

 

 

 

 

The element of feedback is not included in ------------------ model of communication.

Lasswell

Berlo

Shannon and Weaver

Roger and Dearing

 

 

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