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Topic: Analysis of Financial Statements

Discussion Question:

Sehgal Manufacturers is facing an issue of managing its working capital needs, management is worried about financing of daily operations. Although sales of company have an increasing trend but still company is facing shortage of cash. Liquidity analysis of the company’s financial data showed that company has current ratio of 1.3:1 and management wants an improvement in the current ratio. Financial manager of the company has suggested following two alternatives:

  1. Acquiring short term loan of Rs. 100,000 at 12% annual interest rate
  2. Reducing current liabilities by paying off short-term debt of Rs. 200,000 using marketable securities (Ignore gain or loss on sale of marketable securities)

Following information has been extracted from the financial statements for the analysis:







Account payables


Fixed assets






Short term debt


Net Income


10-year Bonds


Account receivables


Marketable securities


You are required to discuss the impact of each alternative on current ratio (calculations of current ratio in both cases is mandatory as working carries marks) and suggest which option company should select to improve the current ratio without pushing up its liabilities?  Provide reason to support your selection.


You are required to provide complete calculations along with formulas, otherwise marks will be deducted. Also avoid unnecessary details.


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Replies to This Discussion

yes u r right... 

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case (1) 

Total C.A = 650,000 + 100,000 = 750,000

Toatal C.L = 500000 + 100,000 = 600,000

Current ratio = 750/600 = 1.25

Case (2)

Total C.A = 450,000

Total C.L  = 300,000

Current ratio = 450/300 = 1.5

will we add 100,000 or 112000 in liability side? becuse it is accrual basis .

she bola ap ne..

GDB share kr dain please

will share the final results tomorrow night Inshah ALLAH 

because already have other subjects load...

thank you very much

Case 1

Current ratio =current assets/current liabilities


                   = 1.25


By acquiring short term loan liability increases although company cash balance increases but intrest payments and loan amount push the liability side up, and current ratio further decreases, so this is not good option.


Case 2

             Current ratio =current assets/current liabilities

                                   =  450,000/300,000

                                   = 1.5

In this option when company dispose off its marketable securities for paying loan, assets decrease but liability also decreases with the same amount which improves the current ratio.

Keep in mind members I m not considering intrest etc. This is the idea solution, u should prepare  it in your own words for securing good grades.Gud luck 


can u elaborate the formula of current assets and current liabilities ? like how to calculate these ?

Current asstes=cash+inventory+Acccounts receivable+marketable securites

Current liabilties= Accounts payable + Accurals+ short term debt

Full and final solution... MGT201 GDB no 01




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