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ISL201 Assignment No. 01 Solution and Discussion: Spring 2015: Due Date: 28 May 2015

Dear Students!

Assignment No. 01 of the subject Islamic Studies (ISL201) has been uploaded. You can view assignment file on LMS or see the attachments section of this Discussion. Before submitting the assignment on LMS, please read all instructions given in the assignment file thoroughly.

Due date of the assignment is May 28, 2015. Try to attempt your assignment as soon as possible in order to avoid any inconvenience. 

Note :   No assignment will be accepted through email. 

Assignment:

Faith in Allah SWT.

While studying the Holy Quran, we come across with two concepts. First, we come to know that Allah is the Best of all those who provide. (وَإِنَّ اللَّـهَ لَهُوَ خَيْرُ الرَّازِقِينَ ﴿الحج:٥٨﴾) and second, it is from the best qualities of believers that they trust on Allah SWT. In Surah Aal e Imaran, verse 159, Quran says:

فَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّـهِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُتَوَكِّلِينَ

Place your trust in Allah; surely Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him).

Majority of common Muslims have made their perception that there is no such need to plan and work hard to attain earning and livelihood.  In result of this, they are facing miserable condition of poverty

Looking at above scenario, you have to explain:

  1. How shall we explain the real meaning of Verse واللہ خیر الرازقین
  2. What is actual concept of “Tawakkul”

Best of Luck!

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Assignment No. 1

Solution No. 1

“O you who have believed, spend from that which We have provided for you before there comes a Day in which there is no exchange and no friendship and no intercession. And the disbelievers – they are the wrongdoers.” (Surah al Baqarah 2: 254)

In this ayah, Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’aala not only motivates His Believers to “Spend of what We have provided for you” but also warns them of dire consequences if they refuse to act.

1. The word “Rizq” is comprehensive in meaning. It means “provision, livelihood, earnings, means of living, subsistence, income, wealth, bounty of Allah.

2. Allah is the one who provides for the human family and all other creations. His mercy is everywhere and for everyone in the world. People usually think that the source of their sustenance (rizq) is their parents, bosses or employers. The fact of the matter is that Allah is the Ultimate Provider of Rizq to all of His creations.

* Allah is Ar-Razzaaq, the Supreme Provider. He is Al Wah’haab, the Giver. He is Al Mu’ti and Ar Raaziq.

In simple words: Allah is the only owner of provision and He is the Provider, forever.

“Indeed, it is Allah who is the [continual] Provider, the firm Possessor of strength.” (Surah Adh-Dhariyaat 51: 58)

* Allah is the Best of Providers. – Surah al Jumu’ah 62: 11

* Everyone’s sustenance depends on Allah.

“And there is no creature on earth but that upon Allah is its provision, and He knows its place of dwelling and place of storage. All is in a clear register.” (Surah Huud 11: 6)

3. As everything comes from Allah and is provided by Him, we Muslims are asked to spend from that which He has provided us. By doing so we are sharing Allah-given providence with people, and in no case will we be doing any favour unto our Lord Almighty.

4. A Muslim cannot attain righteousness and piety until one spends from that which he loves. This is a difficult test for Muslims. Normally it is hard to share things one love. 

 Muslims are commanded to be quick and rush to perform the deed of spending for His sake, in the path of righteousness, from what He has granted them, before the coming of the Day of Resurrection in which “there will be no exchange and no friendship and no intercession”.

On that Day, no one will be able to bargain on behalf of himself or ransom himself with any amount, even if it was the earth’s fill of gold; nor will his friendship or relation to anyone benefit him. As Allah said in Surah al Mumi’noon: “So when the Trumpet is blown, no relationship will there be among them that Day, nor will they ask about one another”. (23: 101)

6. There is great significance in Allah talking about Al-Kafiroon, the disbelievers, in an ayah addressed to believers: And the disbelievers – they are the wrongdoers. 

The meaning is clear: If someone denies to spend out of what Allah has given him, he becomes of the wrongdoers.

Recall this Ayah: “And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed – then it is....

And this ayah: And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed – then it is ....

Of course a Muslim will not become a Kafir in the since a Kafir is known for the reason of not believing in Allah and denying His signs but then a Muslim will be guilty of denying should he refuse to fulfill the command of Allah as for as spending in His cause is concerned.

7. We must understand and appreciate that Allah gives back whatever we spend as Sadaqah sooner or later. He says:

“Say, “Indeed, my Lord extends provision for whom He wills of His servants and restricts [it] for him. But whatever thing you spend [in His cause] – He will compensate it; and He is the best of providers.” (Surah Saba 34: 39)

Our Last Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) said:

“There is never a day wherein servants (of Allah) get up at morn, but are not visited by two angels. One of them says: O Allah, give him more who spends (for the sake of Allah), and the other says: O Allah, bring destruction to one who withholds”

In one Hadeeth Qudsi, Allah says, “Spend (on charity), O son of Adam, and I shall spend on you.”

8. Allah mentions an eloquent example to underline and underscore the value of spending in His cause:

"The example of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is like a seed [of grain] which grows seven spikes; in each spike is a hundred grains. And Allah multiplies [His reward] for whom He wills. And Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing.” (Surah al Baqarah 2: 261)

Subhaanallaah! There can’t be any other way to motivate people to perform charitable deeds!

9. Everyone should spend according to his or her capacity. A poor Muslim should spend as little as he or she can afford, while a wealthy Muslim should spend more. Allah commands:

“Let a man of wealth spend from his wealth, and he whose provision is restricted – let him spend from what Allah has given him. Allah does not charge a soul except [according to] what He has given it. Allah will bring about, after hardship, ease.” (Surah At-Talaaq 65: 7)

10. Allah likes moderate spending. Islam encourages Muslims to follow the middle path between two extremes regarding spending: extravagance and miserliness:

“And those who, when they spend, do so not excessively or sparingly but are ever, between that, [justly] moderate” (Surah al Furqaan 25: 67)

11. As spending in public carries the possibility of showing off (riyaa), spending in secret is always better and preferable.

Allah says about the qualities of true Believers that they get up in night, sacrificing their sleep in His cause, doing Zikr, making du’aa and spending in His way:

“They arise from [their] beds; they supplicate their Lord in fear and aspiration, and from what We have provided them, they spend.” (Surah as-Sajdah 32: 16)

And the reward for doing such an amazing act of worship is announced immediately in the very next ayah:

“And no soul knows what has been hidden for them of comfort for eyes as reward for what they used to do”. (Surah as-Sajdah 32: 17)

However if spending in public is going to encourage others to do the same and also if there is no risk of riyaa, then spending in public would be a good thing to do.

It is worth mentioning that Abu Bakr and Umar Ibn Al Khattab (radhiyallahu anhuma) used to compete each other in spending in the way of Allah.  And Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu) always used to outdo Umar (radhiyaahu anhu), a fact gracefully acknowledged by the latter.

12. Leading a life of righteousness is a sure way to increase one’s wealth. The best way to obtain Allah’s favours is by obeying Him.

 “And whoever fears Allah – He will make for him a way out. And will provide for him from where he does not expect. And whoever relies upon Allah – then He is sufficient for him.” (Surah at-Talaaq 65: 2,3)

13. The command “spend from that which We have provided for you” can also mean spending of other things in addition to spending money in the cause of Allah.

If Allah has provided you leisure time, spend it in some good cause. If Allah has given you knowledge, share it with others. If Allah has given you authority, use it for the purpose of establishing Islam on earth. If Allah has made you a medical doctor, provide free medical care to the less unfortunate and deprived sections of the society. If Allah has given you talents, use it for furthering the cause of Islam. And also, if Allah has given you wealth, spend it to help the poor, feed the hungry etc.

One of the things that prevents our rizq from reaching us is our sins. But some may say that many seemingly sinful people appear to receive rizq, so is there even a correlation? Yet if that is all we see then we are being superficial. They may have received their material rizq, but Allah (swt) may deny them their spiritual rizq. And this is far worse. This is especially so when the bounty we have been given is used in illegitimate ways.

Solution No. 2

Tawakkul means expecting after holding fast to means and causes that have been prescribed by our religion,the outcome not from the means and causes but from the Creator of them. The 159th verse of Al-Imran Surah:

“When you begin any work,have Tawakkul in Allah.Trust in Him”

It Points out that one should work perseveringly by having tawakkul.

Tawakkul is to resign yourself to the outcome with ikhlas after struggling by clinging religiously and customarily to means and causes necessary for any work. In other words,it is expect thew final result from Allah alone and to believe that this result is definitely good and advantageous for us. If you employ proper means and ways,you will obtain proper results.

Tawakkul refers to putting your trust in Allah – to believe that He alone can ward off the harms of this world, provide you blessings and sustenance, and to ease your challenges. Tawakkul is also about accepting the results that He decides regardless of how they may turn out to be.

To understand the concept of Tawakkul, consider how tense and worried you get at times about the challenges of this worldly life. Whether it’s you worrying about losing your job or sustenance, or general life problems that you may come to face, Tawakkul is your belief and the attitude that you have about putting your trust in Allah to take care of all your affairs.

Allah says:  “And whoever places his trust in Allah, Sufficient is He for him, for Allah will surely accomplish His Purpose: For verily, Allah has appointed for all things a due proportion.” (Qur’an 65:3)

The Quran makes it clear that Tawakkul is not an option but rather a requirement. Allah (may He be Exalted) says:

“…and put your trust in Allâh if you are believers indeed.”(Surah Al-Ma’idah, 5: 23)

He also says in the Quran:

“….And in Allah let believers put their Trust” [Surah Ibrahim 14:11]

Don’t give up on Your Efforts

Tawakkul shouldn’t be mistaken with giving up your efforts thinking that somehow your challenges will get resolved. Rather striving and working with the attitude that Allah will take care of your affairs and will help you in getting through your trials is part of you having the Tawakkul on Allah.

Some scholars have stated that “Tawakkul in reality does not deny actually working and striving for provision, for Allah Almighty has decreed that we should work and it is from His ways that he gives people when they strive. In fact, Allah Almighty ordered us to both depend upon Him and to work, to take the necessary steps needed to achieve our goals, and so the act of striving for our sustenance is an act of physical worship while trusting and depending upon Allah is faith in Him.” (Permanent Committee for Research and Verdicts (Fatawa Islamiyah, Vol. 7, Pages 172-174)

Allah says:

“…So seek provision from Allah and worship Him (alone).” [Al-‘Ankaboot 29: 17]

Shaikh Saalih Al-Fawzaan stated about this verse, “Look for sustenance and do not sit around in the masaajid claiming that you are putting your trust in Allah. Do not sit in your homes and claim that your daily sustenance will come to you.” This is wrong and a true believer doesn’t say such things.”

This obviously applies to not just seeking provisions but in striving to resolve other matters of our lives – just as long we remember and believe that His will is a prerequisite for our matters to get resolved and to accept what He ultimately decrees.

The scholars have also stated that, “other than our efforts that we put in, a Muslim should also combine Tawakkul with other means, whether they are acts of `Ibadah (worship) like Du`a’ (supplication), Salah (Prayer), Sadaqah (voluntary charity) or maintaining the ties of kinship, or other material means which Allah has predestined.”

Allah also says in the Quran:

[There were] those to whom people said: “The people are gathering against you, so fear them.“ But it only increased their faith; they said: “For us Allah is Sufficient and He is the best Disposer of affairs” (Qur’an 3:173)

Benefits of Tawakkul

One of the major benefits of Tawakkul is that it can relieve us from unnecessary anxiety, worry, and resulting depression from the challenges that we may be facing. By believing that all our affairs are in Allah’s hands and we can do only what is in our control, we leave the results to Allah and accept His decree whatever it may be.

Ibn Rajab Al-Hanbali said:

 “The fruit of Tawakkul is the acceptance of Allah’s decree. Whoever leaves his affairs to Allah and then is accepting of what he is given has truly relied on Allah. Al-Hassan and others among the Salaf defined Tawakkul as ridhaa (acceptance).”

Let’s strive to understand the concept of Tawakkul and to make it part of our belief systems. We will notice that things will not only get resolved easier with His help, but Tawakkul will also relieve us from the day to day anxieties and worries associated with the challenges of this life.

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