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Mgt402 GDB no.1 Solution and Discussion Closing Date 21,November,2014.

Important announcement

Graded Discussion Board

Cost and Management accounting (mgt402)


Dear Students!

This is to inform that Graded Discussion Board (GDB) No. 01 will be opened on November 18, 2014 for discussion and last date for posting your discussion will beNovember 21, 2014.


Topic/Area for Discussion

 “Inventory Valuation Method”


This Graded Discussion Board will cover Audio/Video lessons #7 and #8.


For acquiring the relevant knowledge, do not rely only on handouts but also watch the course video lectures and read additional material available online or in any other mode.


Important Instructions:

  • Your discussion must be based on logical facts.
  • The GDB will open and close on above specified date and time. Please note that no grace day or extra time will be given for posting comments on GDB.
  • Use the font style “Times New Roman” and font size “12”.
  • Your answer should be relevant to the topic i.e. clear and concise.
  • Do not copy or exchange your answer with other students. Two identical / copied comments will be marked Zero (0) and may damage your grade in the course.
  • Books, websites and other reading material may be consulted before posting your comments; but copying or reproducing the text from books, websites and other reading materials is strictly prohibited. Such comments will be marked as Zero (0) even if you provide references.
  • You should post your answer on the Graded Discussion Board (GDB), not on the Moderated Discussion Board (MDB). Both will run parallel to each other during the time specified above. Therefore, due care will be needed.
  • Obnoxious or ignoble answer should be strictly avoided.
  • You cannot participate in the discussion after the due date via email.
  • Questions / queries related to the content of the GDB, which may be posted by the students on MDB or via e-mail, will not be replied till the due date of GDB is over.
  • For planning your semester activities in an organized manner, you are advised to view schedule of upcoming Assignments, Quizzes and GDBs in the overview tab of the course website on VU-LMS.


Note related to load shedding: Please be proactive


Dear students!

As you know that Pre- Mid-Term semester activities have started and load shedding problem is also prevailing in our country. Keeping in view the fact, you all are advised to post your activities as early as possible without waiting for the due date. For your convenience; activity schedule has already been uploaded on VULMS for the current semester, therefore no excuse will be entertained after due date of assignments, quizzes or GDBs.

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Replies to This Discussion

Please Discuss here about this GDB.Thanks

Our main purpose here discussion not just Solution

We are here with you hands in hands to facilitate your learning and do not appreciate the idea of copying or replicating solutions.

Graded Discussion Board

MGT402 (Fall 204)

Learning Objective:

After going through this GDB, the students are expected to learn the mechanism which is important in valuing the unsold year-end inventory is the primary source of complexity in figuring out the cost of goods sold.

Learning Outcome:

After going through this activity, the students would be able to understand that choice of selecting inventory valuations methods in assigning cost is not relatively minor issue. However, the choice of inventory valuation methods can dramatically affect the reported cost of goods sold, gross profit, and net income.


A Forensic lab buys and sells a substance for fume hoods which are primarily designed to improve safety and hygiene in light bioengineering settings Assume that Lab can sell an ounce of substance for Rs.500 that costs it Rs.250.Lab manager bought 150 and 100 sold precisely ounces of substance during the year.

In the factual world, the per ounce cost is likely to fluctuate. Like many businesses, the Lab may offer more than one type of product with changing prices. In order to accurately compute the cost of goods sold, the manager of the lab should be able to get an accurate count of unsold inventory on hand and he also has to assign the “correct” costs to these products.

We may have an idea of using different valuation methods in which costing of ending inventory is a relatively minor issue. However, the choice of inventory flow assumption can dramatically affect the reported cost of goods sold, gross profit, and net income.

Lab received four shipments during the year as follows: 40 ounces costing Rs.152.5; 30 ounces costing Rs.180; 40 ounces costing Rs.300; and 40 ounces costing Rs.350.Different valuation methods will yield different ending inventory figures.


You are required to apply all three (LIFO, FIFO and weighted average) valuation methods to arrive at closing inventory. Further it is expected to calculate Gross profit though all three valuation methods to observe how much variation exists in gross profit percentage to see which valuation method is useful for Lab.

Note: Provide necessary computations and assumptions to support your solution.

In every Inventory Valuation Method, we calculate the cost per unit by our own, in the procedure. But they gave Rs. 250 of cost per unit. So, what would we do? Either use Rs. 250 for issuing 100 ounce substances or use our calculated cost per unit?

Adil Bhai, Cost per unit is given Rs 250. So no need to calculate at our own. Other wist the calculations are very simple and straight forward. Best of luck


Dear Students Don’t wait for solution post your problems here and discuss ... after discussion a perfect solution will come in a result. So, Start it now, replies here give your comments according to your knowledge and understandings....

Cost of closing inventories

As per FIFO            Rs. 17,000

As per LIFO            Rs. 7,900

As per W.Avg         Rs. 12,500

details required 

  • Shipment-3            10 ounces        @ 300.00        =          Rs.    3,000.00
  • Shipment-4            40 ounces        @ 350.00        =          Rs. 14,000.00

Total                                                                                 Rs. 17,000.00

  • Shipment-2            10 ounces        @ 180.00        =          Rs. ,800.00
  • Shipment-1            40 ounces        @ 152.50        =          Rs. 6,100.00

Total                                                                                 Rs. 7,900.00

W.Avg            =37,500 / 150

                        = Rs. 250

Total               50 @ 250.00               =          Rs. 12,500.00

Bhai how we can write in

Shipment-2            10 ounces               

Shipment-3            10 ounces

according to question these are
Shipment-1            40 ounces

Shipment-2            30 ounces               

Shipment-3            40 ounces

Shipment-4            40 ounces
Please tell me about this difference

Abdullah Bhai, i advise u to read the relevant lessons on LIFO, FIFO and W.Avg valuation methods. Any how, i will try to explain a bit.

As per FIFO

All the 70 ounces of shipment 1 & 2 are sold. 30 ounces of shipment -3 are sold and 10 are unsold. So to calculate the value of closing inventory according to FIFO, 10 ounces of shipment-3 are left and 40 ounces of shipment -4 are left.

As per LIFO

All the 80 ounces of shipment 4 & 3 are sold. 20 ounces of shipment -2 are sold and 10 are unsold. So to calculate the value of closing inventory according to LIFO, 10 ounces of shipment-2 are left and 40 ounces of shipment -1 are left.


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