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Topic: “Kinds of contract”

Learning Objectives:


To understand the kinds of contract according to enforceability


To help understand the importance of a valid contract



Learning Outcomes:

After completion of this case based learning assignment, learner will be able to:


Differentiate between all types of contract


Learn how each kind of contract has independent legal consequences with regard to formation, enforceability or performance.


The Case:

Spice Girls (a group of 5 girls) were interested to go on a tour to England but they don’t have money for that. For this purpose they decided to enter into a contract with a car manufacturer Mr. Ahmad under which he agreed to sponsor the Spice Girls' tour in return for his promotional work. The contract was duly signed on 6th May 2011. Suddenly Sahar Naseem left the group on the 27th May of that year. Further Ahmad discovered that Sahar already informed the other members of the group of her decision to leave them prior to the signing of contract. Mr. Ahmad claimed in the court that they had been induced to enter the contract by a caricature.

Finally it was apprehended by the Court on the appeal of Mr. Ahmad that the Spice Girls had made a falsification by conduct in that all of the members participated in a commercial photo shoot at considerable cost of Ahmad, even so at a time when they knew that one of their members was to leave.

The Requirements:


You are required to discuss the status of contract between both the parties and also its legal implications. Marks 10


As a student of business and labour law, discuss the point of alterations between fraud and misrepresentation. Give at least five points. Marks 10


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Replies to This Discussion

tariq bai kindly help us for this assignment give some idea

yes extended date pe bht sare ideas mil jaate hain web site se,

Hum se conract ka status pocha gaya hai sawal may kya ye misrepresentation nai??? i am confused ya ye fruad ha ya misrepresention (voidable contract) comments plzz you all mjhe eski smjh nai aa rahi subah se 

Hum se conract ka status pocha gaya hai sawal may kya ye misrepresentation nai??? i am confused ya ye fruad ha ya misrepresention (voidable contract) comments plzz you all mjhe eski smjh nai aa rahi subah se 

woh misrepresentation and fraud ky alteration ky five points poche hain ,  

pehle hume yeh btaana hai ky case men kia hai kia spice girl ne fraud kia hai ya nahi , kuch smjh anhi aata

Promise to do an act in future not performed---Not a misrepresentation: A promise to perform an act in future, if not fulfilled would not amount to misrepresentation. It may be a breach of promise or an agreement, but it is not a misrepresentation as to existing facts within the meaning of section 19. Voidable contract acted upon---Cannot be challenged subsequently.

dekho handouts ko padho tu bth sare jawab mil jaate hain pur phir bhi smjh nahi arha ky kia likhen :(

mujeh nahi lagta yeh misrepresentation hai

fraud tu hua hay naa jab sehar naseem ne group ko leave kia tu btaa ky kia tha members ko , tu baki girls ne commercial photo shoot kiyoo krwaya woh bhi mister ahmed ki cost pe, mujeh lgta hai yeh fraud hai, aage ap log kuch btaao , mera tu eyhi idea hai jo handouts men smjh ky padh ky btaaya hai

koi nahi hai kia yaahn arey discuss kren plzz

i think it is void able contract. tell this statement pls and tell me

An agreement on account of misrepresentation shall be voidable at the option of the person who is misled
by such misrepresentation.


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