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SOLUTION TO ASSIGNMENT NO . 01 SOLUTION TO ASSIGNMENT NO . 01 PAK 301- PAKISTAN STUDIESSTUDENT ID BC180405248
Answer No # 1
The Aligarh Movement had a profound impact on the Indian society, particularly on the Muslim society in the Sub-continent. The Aligarh Movement was made a long lasting contribution to the reforming of the Muslim community in the Sub-continent. Mentioned below are the salient points:-
After declaration of English as the official language in 1835 it was the time when mankind was entered in an era of science and learning which was the source of progress and prosperity for the British. Therefore, modern education was necessary for the regeneration of Indian Muslims. For achieving the said goal Sir Syed Ahmed Khan set up different educational movements in shape of inaugurating different institutions like Gulshan School at Muradabad-1859; Victoria School at Gazhipur-1863;Scientific Scientific Society for the translation of English works in the native language, Urdu, at Aligarh in 1864; Aligarh Institute Gazette imparting information on history - ancient and modern, science of agriculture, natural sciences, physical sciences and Advanced Mathematics in 1866; Committee Striving for the Educational Progress of Muslims - 1870; Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental School (MAO) at Aligarh in 1875 at the pattern of English public schools and later raised to the level of college in 1877 and university in 1920.
Mohammedan Educational Conference (1886):-
For contemplation of educational problems of the Muslims and their persuasion to get modern education as well as abstain from politics Mohammedan Educational Conference was met every year under the apparition of Aligarh Movement. Later it became the mouthpiece of the Indian Muslim and portent to All India Muslim League.
Urdu Defence Association The Urdu Defence Association was an organization developed by Mohsin-ul-Mulk, starting in 1900, for the advocacy of Urdu as the lingua franca of the Muslim community of India. The association is regarded as an offshoot of the Aligarh Movement.
Two Nation Theory:-
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan’s Aligarh Movement played a significant role in reservation the seats for Muslims and also promoted the that idea that Hindus and Muslim are two distinct nations, which led to the Two Nation Theory.
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan Writings:-
Syed Ahmad Khan’s writings played important role in popularizing the ideas for which the Aligarh stood. His Risala Asbab-i-Baghawat-i-Hind in 1858; and other writings as Loyal Mohammedans of India; Tabyin-ul-Kalam and Khutbat-i-Ahmadiya rooted out the misunderstandings about Islamic teachings and helped create a cordial relation between the British Government and the Indian Muslims and also helped to remove the misunderstanding about Islam and Christianity.
Answer # 2
It was a great achievement of the Simla Deputation to have convinced the Viceroy about the genuineness of the Muslim's Demands. The Muslims were convinced that organized efforts were essential to press for the acceptance of demands. The Simla Deputation was the first step down the long road leading to the formation of Pakisan. The British acceptance of the Simla Deputation (1906) was an extremely important moment in the history of the subcontinent.
Resultantly following were the political changing’s after the acceptance of the Simla Deputation:-
Successful restoration of relations between the Muslims and the British.
Underlying tensions between the two main communities in the subcontinent, the Hindus and Muslims, were now on a constitutional plane. The granting of the right of separate electorates for Muslims gave them their rights to express their demands. The Simla Deputation was also a factor that made Muslims feel a need for their own political party. It can rightly be called the first real political step towards a separate homeland.
What were the impacts of Aligarh Movement for reforming Muslim’s society in the Sub-content? Justify your answer with five valid points. 10 Marks
The Aligarh Movement was the push to establish a modern system of education for the Muslim population of British India, during the later decades of the 19th century.The movement′s name derives from the fact that its core and origins lay in the city of Aligarh in Northern India and, in particular, with the foundation of the Mohammedan Anglo Oriental Collegiate School in 1875. The founder of the oriental college, and the other educational institutions that developed from it, was Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. He became the leading light of the wider Aligarh Movement.
Sir Syed launched the Aligarh Movement of which Aligarh was the center. He had two immediate objectives in mind: to remove the state of misunderstanding and tension between the Muslims and the new British government, and to induce them to go after the opportunities available under the new regime without deviating in any way from the fundamentals of their faith.
Keeping education and social reform as the two planks of his program, he launched the Aligarh Movement with the following objectives:
To create an atmosphere of mutual understanding between the British government and the Muslims.
To persuade Muslims to learn English education.
To persuade Muslims to abstain from politics of agitation.
To produce an intellectual class from amongst the Muslim community.
How did the Simla Deputation (1906) play a significant role to change the political scene of India in favor of the Muslims? Justify your answer with any five relevant points. 5 Marks
Ans: Ans. On 8 October 1906 a deputation of prominent Muslims led by the Aga Khan visited Viceroy Minto at Shimla to present their demands. The demands were set out in what has become known as ‘The Shimla Deputation’. In they demanded that in all local and provincial elections Muslims should have their own representatives and that Muslims in all councils should have a higher percentage of seats than their percentage of the India population