Latest Activity In Study Groups

Join Your Study Groups

VU Past Papers, MCQs and More

We non-commercial site working hard since 2009 to facilitate learning Read More. We can't keep up without your support. Donate.

In link below u can see advertisement about PMS in a piece of News paper.

The Punjab Public Service Commission has revised the syllabus by re-introducing 29 Optional Subjects for its Combined Competitive Examination for recruitment to the posts of Provincial Management Service. All candidates shall take all Compulsory Subjects and three of the Optional Subjects (not more than one from each group) carrying 200 Marks each. Thus total marks for the said Examination will be 1200 Marks.

Detail of Compulsory Subjects and Optional Subjects is as under:-



1. Essay .....................100
2. English ....................100
3. Urdu .......................100
4. Islamic Studies .........100
5. Pakistan Studies .......100
6. General Knowledge ....100



1. Commerce................... 200
2. Economics ...................200
3. Business Administration...200
4. Public Administration ......200


5. Agriculture...............200
6. Veterinary Science ...200
7. Botany ...................200
8. Zoology ..................200


09. Mathematics .... .... .... 200
10. Computer Science .. .... 200
11. Statistics .... .... ........ 200
12. Principle of Engineering. 200


13. Physics .. .... 200
14. Chemistry ./.. 200
15. Geology ....... 200
16. Geography ... 200


17. Political Science.. ..,,, 200
18. History .. .. .. .. .,,. .. 200
19. Law .. .. .. .. .. .,,,. .. 200
20. Mass Communication ..200


21. Philosophy ... 200
22. Psychology... 200
23. Sociology .... 200
24. Social Work.. 200


25. English Literature .. 200
26. Urdu ....................200
27. Arabic ..................200
28. Education .........,...200
29. Persian ........,,,,,....200
30. Punjabi .................200

Source: PPSC

Views: 1204

Reply to This

Replies to This Discussion

Commerce Accounting

Total Marks: 100

A. Introduction to Accounting, generally accepted accounting principles, accounting cycle, cash book and bank reconciliation statement, work sheet. Depreciation, Financial Statements, financial reporting, cash flow statement, financial analysis,accounting for leasing, contract accounts.

B. Principles of cost account, cost accounting as a tool of management, cost elements. Cost classification, cost accounting cycle, Job order costing, process costing, factory overhead variances, standard costing, and break-even analysis.


  1. Meigs & Meigs, Accounting
  2. Ghani M.A., Principles of Accounting.
  3. Ghani M.A. Advanced Acounting
  4. Uzair Hussain, Advanced Accounting
  5. Shukla & Grewal, Advanced Accounting.
  6. Nisar ud Din, Cost Accounting
  7. Matg A. Usary, Cost Accounting.
  8. T. Lucey, Cost Accounting.
  9. S. Naqvi Ahmad, Cost Accounting



Total Marks: 100

A. Economic resources of Pakistan. Problems & Development of Industrial Sector, Exports & Imports, Economic Planning & Budgeting.

B. Salient feature of income tax law in Pakistan. Calculation of total income and income tax payable under the head of salary, Income from business & profession and income from house property. First & second schedule of income tax ordinance 2001. Salient features of Sales Tax Act. Registration under Sales Tax Act, Furnishing of Returns Under Sales Tax.

C. Risk management, external audit and submission of audit reports.

D. Various forms of business organization. Sole proprietorship partnership, joint stock Company, their formation & management, capital structure & capital budgeting, business finance, its sources, short term & long term.

E. Role & functions of Commercial Banks & Central Bank, Letter of Credits, Islamic Mode of Finance.

F. Nature of Business Management, Functions of Management, Planning,
Organizing, Staffing, Motivating, Leadership & Controlling, Factory Location,
Layout, Scientific Management.


  1. M. Saeed Nasir, Economic Problems of Pakistan.
  2. Kh. Amjad Saeed, Economic Problems of Pakistan.
  3. Govt. of Pakistan, Pakistan Economics Survey, Income Tax Ordinance 2001, Sales Tax Act.
  4. Kh. Amjad Saee, Income Tax Law.
  5. Kh. Amjad Saeed, Auditing.
  6. M. Muazzam Moghal, Income Tax Law.
  7. M. Muazzam Moughal, Sales Tax Law.
  8. Lawrence J. Gitman, Fundamentals of Investment.
  9. Kontz & Weirick, Management.
  10. Stephen B. Robins, Principles of Management.
  11. Owen Richard N. Management Industrial Enterprises.
  12. Adam, Ronald & Ebart, Production & Operation Management.



Part I

Total Marks: 100

1. Microeconomics: Meaning of microeconomics. Choice, scarcity and opportunity cost. Production Possibility frontier. Goals of microeconomic policy: efficiency and equity.

2. Market economy: Demand, Supply and Price determination. Individual and
market demand. Changes in demand. Individual and market supply. Changes in supply. Market equilibrium and impact of changes in demand and supply on market equilibrium. Elasticity of Supply and Demand. Point and Arc elasticity. Price, income and cross elasticities. Application of the concept of elasticity.

3. The theory of Consumer Behaviour: Concept of utility and derivation of
Demand curve. Cardinal and ordinal Utility. Consumer’s Surplus. Indifference Curves and their shapes. Marginal rate of substitution and convexity of Indifference Curves. The budget constraint and the equilibrium of the consumer. Income-Consumption and the Engel’s Curve. Price- consumption and Demand curve. Income and Substitution effects of a price change, the Hicksian method and the Slutsky method. Identification of normal goods, inferior goods and Giffen goods.

4. The theory of Production: The concepts of production cost and profit.
Production function. The law of variable proportions. Cost curves in the short run and in the long run. Choice of input mix. The principle of Substitution. Iso- quants, Iso-cost line and the condition for cost minimization. The expansion path and returns to scale. Economies of scale. The very long run and the endogenous technical change. 

5. Market structures and behaviour of firms. 

Perfectly competitive markets. Assumptions of the model. The supply curve of a firm and an industry in the short run. Short run and the long run equilibrium of the firm and industry. The shape of the long run industry supply curve and the effects of changing technology. The allocative efficiency of perfect competition.

Monopoly: Shape of the demand curve under monopoly. Elasticity of the demand curve and its implication for a monopolist. Short run and long run equilibrium. Price discrimination and its consequences. Analysis of price discrimination between markets. Dumping. Cartels as monopolies. The allocative inefficiency of monopoly. Comparison between perfect competition and monopoly. 

Imperfectly competitive market structures: Monopolistic competition. The concept of industry and group. Short run and long run equilibrium of a firm. Excess capacity. Comparison with perfect competition and monopoly. 

Oligopoly and its basic dilemma. Duopoly. Models of Non-collusive oligopoly:
Cournot’s duopoly model, Chamberlain’s oligopoly model, Sweezy’s kinked
demand model.

Collusive Oligopoly. Cartels: Joint profit maximization and market sharing cartels. Price leadership models. Mergers.

6. The theory of Factor Pricing: Demand and Supply of inputs. Input demand in the short run and in the long run. The firms demand curve. The firm’s demand curve for a single variable input. The industry’s demand curve for an input. Elasticity of demand for inputs. The supply of inputs. Determination of price, quantity and income of an input. Monopsony.


  1. Lipsey and Chrystal, Economics. 10th edition. Oxford University Press.
  2. Koutsoyiannis, A., Modern Microeconomics, London, Macmillan.
  3. Miller, E. and Maddala, G.S., Microeconomics Theory and Applications, McGraw-Hill International.


1. Variables, Constants and parameters. Relations and functions. Types of functions: algebraic and non-algebraic. Graphic representation of economic functions. Equations and identities, simultaneous equations. Solution of market models, income determination model and IS-LM analysis.

2. Derivatives and their application in economics. Slope versus elasticity. Price, income and cross elasticities of demand. Income determination, multipliers and comparative statics. Optimization of economic functions. Constrained optimization in economics.


  1. Chiang, A.C., Fundamental Methods of Mathematical Economics, McGraq Hill,
  2. Kogakusha, Ltd. Dowling, E.T., Introduction to Mathematical Economics, Schuam’s outlines.




Total Marks: 100

1. What is Macroeconomics?: 
Major macroeconomic issues. Economic models. Stocks and flows, National income accounting, circular flow of income, real versus nominal GDP, the GDP deflator, the consumer price index, economic growth, actual versus potential output, business cycles and their phases, definition of full employment, unemployment, GDP gap, Inflation.

2. Classical Macroeconomics: 
The classical revolution, production, employment, labour demand and labour supply. Equilibrium output and employment. The quantity theory of money. The Cambridge approach to the Quantity theory. Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply in the classical system. The classical theory of rate of interest. Complete classical model and classical dichotomy.

3. The Keynesian Macroeconomics:
Aggregate expenditure and its components. Consumption function and Savings function. Investment and the real rate of interest. The equilibrium GDP in a closed economy simple multiplies. Government spending and
taxes. Tax multiplier. GDP in an open economy. The net export function and the foreign trade multiplier. The augmented saving-investment approach. Fiscal and monetary policies.

4. Investment and its determinants: 
Marginal efficiency of capital and optimal capital stock, the marginal efficiency of investment. The stock market and Tobin’s qtheory.
Inventory investment and the accelerator model. The interaction of multiplier and accelerator. The derivation of IS- curve and its slope. Factors that shift the IS- curve.

5. The money market and LM-curve
Keynes Theory of Liquidity preference. Supply of money. Monetary equilibrium and the rate of interest. Derivation of LM-curve and its slope. Factors that shift the LM-curve. Keynes liquidity tap. Interaction of IS-LM
curves. Adjustment to equilibrium in the IS-LM curve model. The algebra of the IS-LM model.

6. Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply: 
Macroeconomic equilibrium in the short run. The effect of aggregate demand and aggregate supply shocks on the price level and GDP. Long run consequences of aggregate demand shocks. Long run aggregate supply curve. Inflationary and recessionary gaps. The theory of fiscal stabilization and its effectiveness. Transmission mechanism. Comparison of the
Classical and Keynesian models and policy conclusions.

7. Inflation and unemployment: 

Types of inflation, Supply shock and demand Shock. Inflation as a monetary phenomena. Stagflation. The theory of Philip’s Curve. The short run and the long run Philips curve. The expectations augmented Philip’s curve. Adaptive expectations. Unemployment. Frictional, structural and cyclical unemployment. Okun’s law. Hysteresis and the natural rate hypotheses.

8. Consumption theories and their implications:
Keynesian absolute income hypothesis, Simon Kuznets findings, Duesenbury’s hypothesis, Permanent income hypothesis, life cycle hypothesis, Robert Hall and the Random- walk hypothesis.


  1. Lipsey & Chrystal, Economics, Oxford University Press.
  2. Mankiw, G.N., Macroeconomics, Worth Publishers, New York.
  3. Froyen, R.T., Macroeconomics, Theories and Policies, Pearson education.
  4. Glahe, F.R., Macroeconomics, Theory and Policy, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Inc.


1. Economic Development 
Economic Development versus Economic Growth. Measurement of economic development. Characteristics of a developing economy. Obstacles to economic development. Determinants or Pre-requisites of economic development. The state of Pakistan’s economy and its comparison with other economies of the world.

2. Strategic Sectors.
Importance and problems of the agricultural, industrial and foreign trade sectors of the economy. WTO and its implications. Foreign direct investment, foreign debt burden anddebt servicing problems of Pakistan.

3. Monetary and Fiscal policies. 
The role of monetary and fiscal policies in promoting economic growth and tackling the problems of inflation and unemployment in Pakistan. Deficit financing and the annual budget.


  1. Nasir, M.S. and Kamal S. Hyder, Economy of Pakistan.
  2. Zaidi, S. Akbar, Issues of Pakistan’s Economy. Oxford Univ. Press.
  3. Pakistan Economic Survey, Published by the Government of Pakistan.
  4. Todaro. M.P., Economic Development in the third world. Latest edition. Heinemann. London.

Eligibility criteria:

The date sheet 2014 PMS (Provincial Management Services) and PCS (Punjab Civil Services) exams is generally announced one month earlier to the conduction of exams and there is not any exact schedule for the exams. The exams are conducted whenever there are vacant posts. After that Punjab Public Service Commission issues the schedule of test. As soon as we will get any update of PMS and PCS exams we will upload it right here on this page. The PMS/PCS date sheet 2014 will be uploaded right here soon after its announcement. Stay in touch with ilmkidunya for more updates.

The conduction of PMS (Provincial Management Services) and PCS (Punjab Civil Services) exams is made by Punjab Public Service Commission (PPSC) for all the provinces of Pakistan and the main purpose of organization of exams is to fill the vacant seats on the posts of Provincial Management Service and Punjab Civil Services. The exams are not organized on regular basis.

Eligibility criteria lie on both male and female citizen of Pakistan with domicile of any district of Punjab province while graduates with 2nd Division from any HEC recognized university can apply for PMS Exams. To get the government level job by appearing in the exams a candidate has to pass the six compulsory subjects and optional subjects. Age limit for the PMS exams 2013 was 21 to 31 years.

Date sheet 2014 of PMS/PCS will be issued soon.

Latest Jobs of PMS Competitive Test 2014 In PPSC Punjab Public Service Commission Lahore Punjab:

Punjab Public Service Commission refers to a government agency that is responsible to advertise jobs, conduct standardize test, selecting candidates, recruiting them and administering the provincial civil services and management services in the Punjab, Province of Pakistan.

Public Service Commission was first started by the British in India in 1926. When British Govt gone and Pakistan came into Being on 14th August 1947, The Public Service Commision Started its work with the Name of Punjab Public Service Commission in the Punjab, Province of Pakistan. Now, the commission is working in the constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan under article 242.

The Commission has been given administrative as well as, to some extent, financial autonomy to perform its functions independently. PPSC is now an autonomous agency under the Rules of Business, 1973 and FPSC Regulations, 1978.

PPSC have announced PMS Provincial Management Service ( Bs-17 ) Combined Competitive Examination 2014 on all Punjab Open Merritt Basis in Lahore, Rawalpindi and Multan during the year 2014. It is advertised on 11-05-2014.

vacanciez to ab hr job k liy km he lgte q k byrozgar log zyada hn 

nice v nice and expect also that most of the ning members will participate in sharing knowledge , info specially current scenario specially the problems which are faced by Pakistan now a days .

mass communication syllabus needed.


Mass Communication
Paper - I

Media: Functions, Contents and History 

Total Marks: 100

1. News: Definition, Structure, Language, Reporting and Sub-Editing
2. Feature, Column and Editorial: Difference of objectives, structure, style and content.
3. Organizational Structures of national newspapers and news agencies
4. Ethics of Journalism and Freedom of the Press
5. Press Laws in Pakistan and Government Media Relationship
6. Role of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Maulana Zafar Ali Khan, Muhammad Ali Johar, Hasrat Mohani and Hameed Nizami in Urdu Press of the Sub-Continent
7. Role of Radio, Television, print media and internet in Pakistan
8. Social and Developmental Responsibilities of Pakistani Media
9. Importance of Radio TV Documentary and Live Programmes
10. Difference between the news of print media and electronic media


Communication, Advertising and Public Relations 

Total Marks: 100

I. Process of Communication: source-message-channel- Receiver-Noise and Redundancy
2. Barriers to Communication
3. Principles of Effective Communication
4. Development Communication and Development Journalism
5. Difference between Mass Communication, Development Communication, Development Journalism and Development Support Communication
6. Two step flow of communication and Opinion Leaders
7. Public Relations: Definition and Scope- Tools of Public Relations- Public Relations in Pakistan- Difference between PR, Propaganda. Advertising and Publicity.
8. Advertising: Definition-Merits and Demerits- Advertising business in Pakistan-Departments of an Advertising Agency.
9. Importance of research in Advertising and Public Relations
10. Advertising as the lifeblood of media

Recommended Books

  1. Hijazi and Naqqash: Mass Communication Theory and Practice, Lahore, 2005
  2. Lorenz: News Reporting and Writing. New York. 2005
  3. Vilanilam: Advertising Basics: London,. 2004
  4. Treadwell: Public Relations Writing. New York. 2005
  5. Teeble ed.: Print Journalism. New York. 2005
  6. Schwartz: Associated Press Reporting Handbook. New York. 2002
  7. Hijazi and Iftikhar: Mass Communication: Skills, uses and Issues: Lahore.2006
  8. Shafiq: Journalism and Communication Lahore. 2006

thank uuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuu sis

Computer Science


Total Marks: 100


1. Introduction to Computing

Number Systems, Binary numbers, Boolean logic, History Computer system, basic machine organization, Von Neumann Architecture, Algorithm definition, design, and implementation, Programming paradigms and Languages, Graphical programming, Overview of Software Engineering and Information Technology, Operating system, Compiler, Computer networks and Internet, Computer graphics, Al, Social and legal issues.

2. Programming Solving Techniques

Algorithms and problem solving, development of basic Algorithms, analyzing problem, designing solution, testing designed solution, fundamental programming constructs, translation of algorithms to programmes, data types, control structures, functions, arrays, records, files, testing programmes.


  1. Computers: Information Technology in Perspective, 9/e by Larry Long and Nancy Long. Prentice Hall, 2002/ISBN: 0130929891
  2. An Invitation to Computer Science, Schneider and Gersting, Brooks/Cole Thomson Learning, 2000
  3. Computer Science: An overview of Computer Science, Sherer
  4. Programme Design with Pseudo-code, Bailey and Lundgaard, Brooks/Cole Publishing, 1988
  5. Simple Programme Design: A step-by-step approach, 4/e, Lesley Anne Robertson, ISBN: o-619-16046-2 © 2004.


1. Computer Communications & Networks

Analogue and digital Transmission, Noise, Media, Encoding, Asynchronous and Synchronous transmission, Protocol design issues, Network System architecture (OSI, TCP/IP), Error control, Flow Control, Data Link Protocols (HDLC,PPP). Local Area Networks and MAC Layer protocols (Ethernet, Token ring), Multiplexing, Switching and IP Networks, Internetworking, Routing, Bridging, Transport layer protocols TCP/IP, UDP. Network security issues, Programming exercises or projects involving implementation of protocols at different layers. 

2. Digital Logic & Computer Architecture

Logic design of Digital Systems, Fundamental and advanced concepts of Logic Designs, Boolean Algebra & functions, Designing and implementation of combinational and Sequential logic, minimization techniques, number representation and basic binary arithmetic Logic families and digital integrated circuits, use of CAD tools for logic designs. Topics of Computer Architecture.


  1. Introduction to Computer Networks, Tanenbaum
  2. Unix Network Programming, Richard Stevens.
  3. Computer networks: a systems approach, Larry Peterson, Bruce Davie, Princeton Univ., Princeton.
  4. Digital Design, 2nd Ed., M. Morris Mano, Prentice hall, 1991.
  5. Practical Digital Logic Design and Testing, P. K Lala, Prentice Hall, 1996.


1. Data Structures & Algorithms

Basic database concepts; Entity Relationship modeling, Relational data model and algebra, Structured Query Language, RDBMS, Database design, functional dependencies and normal forms, Transaction processing and optimization concepts, concurrency control and recovery techniques, Database recovery techniques, Database security and authorization, Small Group Project implementing a database, Physical database design. Storage and file structure, indexed files, hashed files, signature files, b-trees, files with dense index, file with variable length records, database efficiency and tuning.

2. Operating Systems

History and Goals, Evolution of multi-user systems, Process and CPU management, Multithreding, Kernel and User Modes, Protection, Problems of cooperative processes, Synchronization, Deadlocks, Memory management and virtual memory, Relocation, External Fragmentation, Paging and Demand Paging, Secondary storage, Security and Protection, File systems, I/O systems, Introduction to distributed operating systems. Scheduling, dispatch and Introduction to concurrency.


  1. Database Systems, C.J.Date, Addison Wesley Pub. Co. ( 2004).
  2. Database Systems, A Practical Approach to Design, Implementation and Management. R. Connoly and P. Begg, Addision _Wesley Pub. (2003).
  3. Fundamentals of Database systems, 3/E, Elmasri and Navathe, Addision-Wesley, ISBN: 0-201-74153-9
  4. Applied Operating Systems Concepts, 6th Edition, Silberschatz A., Peterson, J.L., & Galvin P.C. 1998.
  5. Modern Operating Systems, 2nd Edition, Tanenmaum A.S., 2001.



Total Marks:100

1. Theory of Automata and Formal Languages.

Finite State Models: Language definitions preliminaries, Regular expressions/Regular languages, Finite automatas (FAs), Transition graphs (TGs),NF As, kleene's theorem, Transducers (automata with output), Pumping lemma and non regular language Grammars and PDA: Context free grammars, Derivations, derivation trees and ambiguity, Simplifying CFLs , Normal form grammars and parsing, Push-down Automata, Pumping lemma and non-context free languages, Decidability, Chomsky's hierarchy of grammars, Turing Machines Theory: Turing machines, Post machine, Variations on 1M, 1M encoding, Universal Turing Machine, Context sensitive Grammars, Defining Computers by TMs.


  1. Introduction to Computer Theory, Denial Cohen, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  2. Introduction to Automata Theory, Languages and Computation, J Hopcraft, D. Ullman.
  3. Languages and Machines, An Introduction to the Theory of Comp. Sc., 2/e Thomas A Sudkamp, Addison Wesley.

2 Compiler Theory & Design 

Compiler techniques and methodology. Organization of compilers. Lexical and syntax analysis. Parsing techniques. Object code generation and optimization, detection and recovery from errors. Comparison between compilers and interpreters.


  1. Compiler Design and Construction, by Alfred V. Aho, Ravi Sethi, Hardcover 2nd edition, 1987, Van Nostrand Reinhold,. ISBN: 0317636367.

3. Numerical Methods

Mathematical Preliminaries, Solution of Equations in one variable, Interpolation and Polynomial Approximation, Numerical Differentiation and Integration, Initial Value Problems for Ordinary Differential Equations, Direct Methods for Solving Linear Systems, Iterative Techniques in Matrix Algebra, Solution of non-linear equations, Approximation Theory, Eigenvalues and Eigenvector computation


  1. Elements of Numerical Analysis, Dr. Faiz, M. Afzal


I. Data Base Systems

Basic database concepts, Entity Relationship modelling, Relational data model and algebra, Structured Query language, RDBMS; Database design, functional dependencies and normal forms, Transaction processing and optimization concepts, concurrency control and recovery techniques, Database recovery techniques, Database security and authorization. Small Group Project implementing a database. Physical database design: Storage and file structure, indexed files, hashed files, signature files, b-trees, files with dense index, files with variable length records, database efficiency and tuning Data Warehousing and Data Mining, Emerging Database Technologies and Applications.


  1. Database Systems, C.J. Date, Addison Wesley Pub. Co. (2004).
  2. Database Systems: A Practical Approach to Design, Implementation and Management,
  3. R Connolly and P .Begg, Addison-Wesley Pub. Co (2003).
  4. Fundamentals of Database Systems, 3/E, Elmasri and Navathe, Addison- Wesley, ISBN: 0-201-74153-9.

2. Software Engineering

Software Engineering, Process Models, Software verification and validation. Techniques are introduced to evaluate software correctness, efficiency, performance and reliability, integration of these techniques into a verification and validation plan. Technical reviews, software testing, programme verification, prototyping, and requirement tracing. Attitude of industry toward reliability and performance.


  1. Software Engineering: A Practioner's Approach, Roger Pressman, McGraw-Hill, 2001.
  2. Software Engineering, Ian Sommerville, Addison-Wesley 2001, ISBN: 0-201- 39815-X.


1. Artificial Intelligence

Introduction to Common Lisp. AI classical systems: General Problem Solver, rules, simple search, means-ends analysis. ElIZA, pattern matching, rule based translators, OPS-5. Knowledge Representation: Natural language, rules, productions, predicate logic, semantic networks, frames, objects, scripts. Searching, Depth first search, breadth first search, best first search, hill climbing, min-max search. Symbolic Mathematics: student solving algebra problems, translating English equations, solving algebraic equations, simplification rules, rewrite rules, meta-rules, Macsyma, PRESS, ATLAS. Logic Programming: Resolution, unification, horn-clause logic, Prolog, Prolog programming. Sample case studies of shells and Knowledge Based Systems. A brief appreciation of state of the art computational techniques like neural networks, genetic algorithm, fuzzy sets.


  1. Artificial Intelligence by Luger, 4th edition, Pearson Education.

2. Computer Graphics

Graphics hardware, Fundamental algorithms, Applications of graphics. Interactive graphics programming -graph plotting, windows and clipping, and segmentation. Programming raster display systems, panning and zooming. Raster algorithms and software Scan-Converting lines, characters and circles. Region filling and clipping. Two and three dimensional imaging geometry and transformations. Curve and surface design, rendering, shading, colour and animation.


  1. Computer Graphics, Principles and Practice, J. D. Foley, A van Dam, S. K. Feiner and J. F. Hughes, Addison-Wesley ISBN: 0-201-12110-7.
  2. Computer Graphics, F.S.Hi1I, Maxwell MacMillan ISBN: 0-02-354860-6.


1. Computers: Tools for an Information Age, 8th Ed. H I Capron, Adison Wesley, 2003. Paul Wilton.
2. Computer Concepts, 3rd Ed, ITP 1998; J.J.Parsond & D. Oja
3. Siberschatz. Galvin & Gagne, Operating System Concepts, 6th Ed. 2002. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBN 0-471-41743-2.
4. Tanenbaum. A.S., Modern Operating Systems, 2nd. Ed, 2001.
5. Deitel & Deitel, C++, How to Program, 4th Ed. Prentice Hall.
6. Tocci & Widmer, Digital Systems, Principles and Applications, 8th Ed.. Published by Pearson Education.
7. John F. Wakerly, Digital Designs, Principles & Practices, 3rd. Ed. Published by Prenice Hall.
8. M. Morris Mano, Digital Logic & Computer Design, Prentice Hall, 1979, ISBN 0-132-14510-3.
9. Jim Keogh, C++, Programmers Notebook, 2nd Ed.
10. Sipser, Introduction to the Theory of Computation, 2nd Ed. Thomson Course Technology, 2006.
11. Ian Sommerville, Software Engineering, 6th Ed. Adison Wesley,2001 
12. M. A. Weiss, Data Structures and Algorithm Analysis in C. Pearson Education 2nd Ed. 1997.
13. Elmasri & Navathe, Fundamentals of Database Systems, 4th Ed.
14. Expert Systems and Applied Artificial Intelligence by Efrain Turban 15. Artificial Intelligence by Rich & Knight.
16. Artificial Intelligence by George F. Luger.
17. Donald Hearn and M. Pauline Baker. Computer Graphics and Open GL, 3rd Ed.
18. Foley, Van Dam, Feiner, and Hughes, Computer Graphics Principle & Practices.
19. Mathematical Structures for Computer Science, Freeman & Company; G.L.Gersting.
20. Java Script; The Definitive Guide, 2nd Ed, O. Reilly, 1997. D. Flanagan. 21. The HTML, Sourcebook, Wiley 1996. I.S. Graham.
22. Computer Science; An Overview 6th Ed. Addison Wesley, 1998. J.G. Brookshear.
23. Java; An Object First Approach, Addison Wesley, 1996. F. Culwin.
24. Web Page Scripting Techniques, Hayden Books,1996. J. Bloomberg, J. Kawski. J & P. Treffers.
25. Kenneth H. Rosen, Discrete Mathematics and its Application, 5th Ed. 2003, McGraw-Hill.
26. T .H. Cormen, C.E. Leiserson, R.L. Rivest, and C.D. Stein, Introduction of Algorithms, MIT Press. 2nd Ed. 2001.
27. Assembly language programming of IBM PC by Ytha Yu and Charles Marut. McGraw Hill, 1992.
28. Saeed Bhatti & Naeem Bhatti, a first course in Numerical Analysis, 4th Ed. 2003.
29. David A Patterson, John L. Hennessy, Computer Organization and Design, 3rd Ed.
30. Hennessy, J.I. & Patterson .D.A., Computer Architecture; A quantitative Approach, 2nd Ed. Morgan Kaufmann, 1996.
31. Introduction to Digital Systems by Ercegovac, Lang & Moreno, Wiley, 1999.
32. Introduction to Wireless Systems by P.M. Shankar, John Wiley & Sons,2002.
33. Advanced Digital Designs with the Verling HDL by Michael D. Ciletti. Prentice Hall, 2003.

Punjabi syllabus????????????????????


Looking For Something? Search Below

Latest Activity

© 2022   Created by + M.Tariq Malik.   Powered by

Promote Us  |  Report an Issue  |  Privacy Policy  |  Terms of Service