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ALL Current Final Term Papers Spring 2016 & Past Final Term Papers at One Place from 20 August 2016 to 02 September2016


Share Your Current Mid Term Papers (Questions/Pattern) 20 August 2016 to 02 September2016  to help each other. Thanks


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+ M.Tariq Malik yar ap to aisay ghalat links na diya krain... hyperlink final term ka banaya hai us main papers just mid term k hain 


Plz jiska bhi kal first time paper ho wo share krdae mra 3rd timepy ha...shukria..

jin students ka aj paper hua plz share kr dn....

yes plz share

My Current paper ...:)ye aye thy mjy shukria...
Mcqs kuch moaz masy thy bki huffman ka topic aur reuction wla topic last ma ha jisma N=NP or co NP wly masy mcqs zeyda aye thy..shukria

Back edge ,forward edge and cross edge
Forward edge: (u, v) where v is a proper descendent of u in the tree.
Back edge: (u, v) where v is an ancestor of u in the tree.
Cross edge: (u, v) where u and v are not ancestor or descendent of one another.

Free tree
A free tree is a tree with no vertex designated as the root vertex.

Define according to Kruskal's algorithm creat_set(u) find_set(U) union(u,v) Answer: Page 147

Create-set(u): Create a set containing a single item u.
Find-set(u):Find the set that contains u
Union(u,v): merge the set containing u and set containing v into a common set.

. Where Arise Clique Cover? (pg176)
The clique cover problem arises in applications of clustering. We put an edge between two nodes
if they are similar enough to be clustered in the same group. We want to know whether it is
possible to cluster all the vertices into k groups.


suppose you could prove that an NP-complete problem can be solved in polynomial time. What would be the consequence? 5 marks

If we can solve a problem in polynomial time, we can certainly verify the solution in polynomial time.
More formally, we do not need to see a certificate to solve the problem; we can solve it in polynomial time anyway.
However, it is not known whether P = NP. It seems unreasonable to think that this should be so. Being able to verify that you have a correct solution does not help you in finding the actual solution. The belief is that
P 6= NP but no one has a proof for this.

Aik sawal tha osma Depth first search ky through loops or cycle find krna tha tabular form ma tha ? 5 marks
Topological form ka sawal tha aik? 5 marks
Aik sawal tha NP wla last ma ha reuction waly masy? 5 marks

Waqar Ahmad  thanks for sharing 

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shukria sir...



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