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Assignment No. 03
Semester: Spring 2013
Modern Programming Languages  (CS508)


Total Marks: 15


Due Date:  26/06/2013



Please read the following instructions carefully before submitting assignment:


  • You will submit your assignment before or on due date on VU-LMS.
  • Assignment should be completed by your own efforts it should not be copied from internet, handouts or books.
  • You should submit your MS Word File via assignment interface at VU-LMS.
  • Assignment sent via Email will not be replied and accepted/graded in any case.
  • If the submitted assignment does not open or file is corrupt, it will not be graded.
  • You will submit solution only in Microsoft Word File.




To understand and familiarize with Prolog Language.



For any query about the assignment, contact at or through MDB.

Assignment Questions


Suppose you have the following observational data about students of college.


  • Ali studying Artificial Intelligence.
  • Ahmad is studying Artificial Intelligence.
  • Mujahid is studying Artificial Intelligence.


  • Jawad is studying Artificial Intelligence.
  • Akram is studying Artificial Intelligence.


  • Mehvish is studying Computer Vision.
  • Sobia is studying Computer Vision.


  • Mujahid is Studying Computer Vision.
  • Ahmad is Studying Computer Vision.
  • Jawad is studying Computer Vision.
  • Abdullah is studying Computer Vision.


  • Abdullah is studying Encryption Techniques.
  • Fahad is studying Encryption Techniques.
  • Mehvish is studying Encryption Techniques.
  • Imran is studying Encryption Techniques.


  1. 1.      Now being a prolog programmer answer the following questions:


Question # 1                                                                                                                              Marks 5     


Write the prolog rules for the followings.


If one is studying Artificial Intelligence and Computer Vision then perquisite is Discrete Structure.


  1.                                                        I.      If one is studying Encryption Techniques and Computer Vision then Perquisite is Discrete Structure and Analysis of Algorithms.


  1.                                                     II.      If one is studying only Encryption Techniques then prerequisite is Analysis of Algorithms.


  1.                                                  III.      If one is studying Encryption Techniques and Artificial Intelligence then one is expert in Efficient Security Algorithms.


  1.                                                  IV.      If one is studying only Artificial Intelligence then one is Intellectual.




Question # 2                                                                                                                              Marks 10     

Write the prolog queries for the followings. These queries will be executed according to the facts and rules defined for the above given data and perform all steps to write the output of the given queries.


  1. a.      Is there prerequisite of Discrete Structure for X?
  2. b.      Is there prerequisite of Discrete Structure and Analysis of Algorithms for Y?
  3. c.       Is there prerequisite of Analysis of Algorithms for Z?
  4. d.      Is Sobia Studying Artificial Intelligence?
  5. e.       Are Abdullah and Imran Studying Encryption Techniques?
  6. f.       Is P studying Computer Vision and Artificial Intelligence?


Note: In queries where variables are used along with answer write all the possible matches either they are true or not.






Views: 2574


Replies to This Discussion

Q2 ka b ans pora tu nhi .....srf q2 k prt a ka ans h

half an hour left

ab to dy do koi plzzzzzzzzzzzzzz

boht easy hai, main b samajh raha tha k nai hogi lekin zara c try ki to ho gaee, handout wali example ko dekh kr try krain

BHAI plz upload kr dain plz

Q2 k lye table banana hai jesa handout main bana hoa hai Queries k lye. first column main "English"
or second main "PROLOG"

English main wohi points likhny hain jo sir ne dye from a to f or in sab k neechay answer likhna hai. These are the answers:-
a. yes

b. yes

c. yes

d. no

e. yes

f. yes

solution e upload kr dain plz

hm changing kr lain gy


a. prequisiteis (Discrete Strcuture):- isstudying (X, Artificial Intelligence, Computer Vision)

isi tarah baki sab b krny hain


a. prequisiteis (Discrete Strcuture):- isstudying (X, Artificial Intelligence, Computer Vision)

b. prequisiteis (Discrete Strcuture, Analysis of Algorithms):-isstudying (X, Encryption Techniques, Computer Vision)

c. prequisiteis (Analysis of Algorithms):-isstudying (X, Encryption Techniques)

d. expertin (X, Efficient Security Algorithms):-isstudying (X, Encryption Techniques,                   Artificial Intelligence)

e. prequisiteis (Discrete Strcuture, Analysis of Algorithms):-  isstudying (X, Encryption Techniques, Computer Vision)


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