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CS704 Advanced Computer Architecture-II Assignment No 01 Spring 2019 Solution & Discussion Due Date: 24-05-2019

CS704 Advanced Computer Architecture-II Assignment No 01 Spring 2019 Solution & Discussion Due Date: 24-05-2019

Question 1: Total Points (20)

Consider the following four different styles of instruction set architectures:


  1. Accumulator—All operations occur between a single register and a memory location.
  2. Memory-memory—All instruction addresses reference only memory locations.
  3. Stack—All operations occur on top of the stack. Push and pop are the only instructions that access memory; all others remove their operands from the stack and replace them with the result. The implementation uses a hardwired stack for only the top two stack entries, which keeps the processor circuit very small and low cost. Additional stack positions are kept in memory locations, and accesses to these stack positions require memory references.
  4. Load-store—All operations occur in registers, and register-to-register instructions have three register names per instruction.


Invent your own assembly language mnemonics (Following Figure provides a useful sample to generalize), and for each architecture, write the best equivalent assembly language code for this high-level language code sequence:

A = B – C;

B = A – C;

D = A + B;


[Assumption: The variables A, B, C and D are initially in memory]


Question 2: Total Points (10)

Read the research paper titled “LLVA: A Low-level Virtual Instruction Set Architecture”, and answer the following question in your own words:


What is the basic idea of LLVA and how it is better than previous virtual architectures (DAISY and Transmeta’s Crusoe)?



Question 3: Total Points (5+5+10= 20)

Read the research paper titled “Model Checking to Find Vulnerabilities in an Instruction Set Architecture”, and answer the following questions in your own words.

  1. What is SYSRET vulnerability?
  2. Why does it exist in Intel x64 ISA, but not in AMD64 ISA?
  3. How the proposed model-checking based approach detects SYSRET or similar vulnerabilities in an ISA?

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