Latest Activity In Study Groups

Join Your Study Groups

VU Past Papers, MCQs and More

We non-commercial site working hard since 2009 to facilitate learning Read More. We can't keep up without your support. Donate.

Please share solution hints

DUE DATE: December 02, 2015
More than two centuries ago, the Reverend Thomas Malthus put forward a theory of the
relationship between population growth and economic development, which is influential
today. Writing in his 1798 Essay on the Principle of Population and drawing on the
concept of diminishing returns, Malthus postulated a universal tendency for the
population of a country, unless checked by dwindling food supplies, to grow at a
geometric rate, doubling every 30 to 40 years. At the same time, because of diminishing
returns to the fixed factor, land, food supplies could expand only at a roughly arithmetic
rate. In fact, as each member of the population would have less land to work, his or her
marginal contribution to food production would actually start to decline. Because the
growth in food supplies could not keep pace with the burgeoning population, per capita
incomes (defined in an agrarian society simply as per capita food production) would have
a tendency to fall so low as to lead to a stable population existing barely at or slightly
above the subsistence level. Malthus therefore contended that the only way to avoid this
condition of chronic low levels of living or absolute poverty was for people to control
their population. Hence we might regard Malthus, indirectly and inadvertently, as the
father of the modern birth control movement. Modern economists have given a name to
the Malthusian idea of a population inexorably forced to live at subsistence levels of
income. They have called it the low-level equilibrium population trap or, more simply,
the Malthusian population trap.
Being an economist, critically analyze the Malthusian theory of population. Was Malthus
right about the rate of growth of food production? What important factor for increasing
the level of output did Malthus overlook? Discuss in the light of industrial and
agricultural revolution in today’s developed nations.
24 hours extra / grace period after the due date usually available to overcome uploading
difficulties. This extra time should only be used to meet the emergencies and above
mentioned due dates should always be treated as final to avoid any inconvenience.
 Make sure to upload the solution file before the due date on VULMS.
 Any submission made via email after the due date will not be accepted.
 Use the font style “Times New Roman” or “Arial” and font size “12”.
 It is advised to compose your document in MS-Word format.
 You may also compose your assignment in Open Office format.
 Use black and blue font colors only.
 Please note that your assignment will not be marked if,
 It is submitted after the due date.
 The file you uploaded does not open or is corrupt.
 It is in any format other than MS-Word or Open Office; e.g. Excel, PowerPoint,
PDF etc.
 It is cheated or copied from other students, internet, books, journals etc.
As you know that Pre Mid-Term semester activities have started and load shedding
problem is also prevailing in our country. Keeping in view the fact, you all are advised to
post your activities as early as possible without waiting for the due date. For your
convenience; activity schedule has already been uploaded on VULMS for the current
semester, therefore no excuse will be entertained after due date of assignments, quizzes
or GDBs.

Views: 478


Replies to This Discussion

Please Discuss here about this assignment.Thanks

Our main purpose here discussion not just Solution

We are here with you hands in hands to facilitate your learning and do not appreciate the idea of copying or replicating solutions.

video lecture 10-11-12 for this assignment ................

yeh 2no links aap ko more clearly batae ga....aur aap critically bohut acha es link ko dakh ker likh saktay hai jawab

3rd point ki mjy smj ni aa ri... plz koi discuss kr skta????

seemi yeh unhi points me discuss ho jae ga kay chunkay dunya me aggricultural and industralization me taraki hoi to malthus ki theory puri nahi otarti kion kay insan nay technologies ko use kar kay food and production me izafa kia...jis tarah population bhari logo nay resources paida kia food kay etc

kia kise na assigment bana le hy ?share plz

can anyone guide me that it is fine if I arrange it in my own words?


Malthus offered his theory in following words : " By nature human food increases a slow arithmetical ratio, man himself increases in a quick geometrical ratio unless wants and vice stop him. "

Further he says that then the population increases then the means of subsistence it is checked by the nature.


1. RATE OF POPULATION GROWTH :- According to this theory of population increases according the geometrical ratio.1,2,4,8,16,32.

2. INCREASES IN FOOD SUPPLY :- Due to the application of the law of diminishing return, supply can not increase according the rate of population growth. It increasing according the arithmetical progression i.e. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8.

3. THE RATE OF POPULATIONS GROWTH IS FASTER THAN A FOOD SUPPLY :- Population increases according to geometrical progression i.e 1,2,4,8,16 and 32.

4. SUBSISTENCE LEVEL :- Malthus conclude that real wages can not rise much above the subsistence level because increase in the wages will lead to an increase in the supply of workers due to rise in population. If wages fall below this level , the surplus labour supply will die due to starvation.


Malthus also suggests measure in this regard. These are two types :

1. PREVENTIVE CHECKS : - These are applied by man.

i) Late Marriages :- He says that late marriages are good for human health and character. Every man should have only as many children as he can easily support.
ii) Family Planning Programmed.
iii) Opening Health Clinics.
iv) Use of Contraceptive Medicines.

2. POSITIVE CHECKS OF NATURE :- To keep balance between food supply and population nature reduces the population according the food supply. So Malthus appeals to the people to keep population equal to the means of subsistence.


This theory has been criticized on the following grounds :

1. NO HISTORICAL WITNESS :- According the Marshall in the past population has not increased in geometrical progression.

2. IMPROVEMENT IN TECHNOLOGY : An improvement in technology has improved the standard of living of the people, in spite of a rise in population.

3. INCREASE IN FOOD PRODUCTION :- Due to industrial revolution, food production rate is higher than rate of population growth in some countries.

4. INCREASE IN LABOUR :- An increase in population increases in supply of labour which is an important factor for the utilization of resources.

5. TOTAL RESOURCES IGNORED :- Malthus only compares the population only with food supply and ignores the other resources, like minerals and technology.

6. RAPID FALL IN BIRTH RATE :- In the advanced countries, birth rate is falling than the rate of production.

7. IMPORT OF FOOD :- Today food shortage problem can be solved by importing the food from other countries.

8. PESSIMISTIC APPROACH :- Malthus is hopeless about the future of human beings and it is not favorable for economic development.

9. LAW OF DIMINISHING RETURN :- The law of diminishing return can be prevented which Malthus ignores.

10. WRONG ASSUMPTION :- Malthus says that increase in the means of subsistence will increase the population, which is not true.

yes it's fine.basically we just share over point of view about Malthus theory,and knowledge we can understand.

its basically malthus theory of population....pehlay eski theory ko explain kare phir criticize kar yeh aaj kay dor me apply ho sakti hai aur wo uskay apna zamana kay lia thi...phir na he usnay around kay countries me dakhi jaha aisa nahi ho raha tha matlab uski theory kay ulat ho raha tha....sirf aaj kay dor me india aisa mulk hai jo uski theory per pura otar raha hai


© 2022   Created by + M.Tariq Malik.   Powered by

Promote Us  |  Report an Issue  |  Privacy Policy  |  Terms of Service