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EDU101 Assignment No 02 Fall 2020 Solution / Discussion

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Edu 101 assignment no. 2 solution FALL 2020

Edu 101 Assignment no. 2 solution Fall 2021

 Foundation of Education


Assignment no. 2

(Fall 2021)

Explain in depth the Sociological foundations of education with the help of theoretical perspectives in detail with the help of relevant data or examples?

15 Marks

Sociological Foundations of Education:


Schools exist within society, not apart from society, and not without social context. Because, Schools and other educational institutions survive in the society so it is important to look at how Society impacts what happens or should happen within schools and educational institutions. In addition to that it is important to know other salient features that affect schools within society

.Sociological Foundations of Education:

Main elements

Whether schooling makes a major difference in individual’s lives?

How schools influence social inequalities?

How school processes affect the lives of children, teachers, and other adults?

Sociological Foundations of Education:

Theoretical Perspectives :-

Functional Theories:

The functionalist theory which is often referred to as ‘function approach’, or ‘structural functionalism’, or ‘functionalist perspective’, or ‘functionalism’ has been associated with the work of American sociologists, such as Talcott Parsons, Robert K. Merton, and Kingsley Davis.

“The functionalist theory implies that society tends to be organized, stable, well integrated systems, in which most members agree on basic values”. They stress much the role of balance or equilibrium in society. The functionalists say that each group or institution persists because it is functional.

Example :-

- The family, for instance, functions to Regulate sexual behavior, to transmit social values to children, and to take care of young and aged people who could not otherwise survive.

- Economic activity, Functions to provide the goods and services on which our society depends for its Existence. It also gives people roles in life, enabling them to earn a living and to draw a Sense of identity from the work that they do.

- The school functions to educate Children, prepare workers, take children off their parents’ hands for part of the day, etc

Emile Durkheim :

One of Emile Durkheim’s major concerns was social and moral order. “From Judaic family training and an intimate environment Durkheim gained a Deep and permanent concern for universal moral law and the problems of ethics. Durkheim’s major contribution probably came in the area of research methods. Although Auguste Comte and other early sociologists emphasized the need to make Sociology scientific. their own research methods were not very scientific. They however, influenced later sociologists to replace armchair speculation with careful observation, to engage in the collection and classification of data, and to use data for Formulating and testing social theories. One of the most prominent of these later Sociologists was Emile Durkheim. He first introduced the use of statistical techniques in the study of human groups in his ground breaking research on suicide. In this same study, Durkheim demonstrated that suicide involves more than Individuals acting alone. By showing that suicide rates vary according to group Characteristics, the suicide rate is lower among Catholics than Protestants, lower Among married than single person – Durkheim convincingly supported the idea that Social life must be explained by social factors rather than by individualistic ones.


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