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EDU512 Teaching of Islamic Studies Past Final Solved Papers

Teaching of Islamic Studies solved past final papers Edu-512

1 . concept of Hadith in your own words?

According to “Mufti Ahmad Yar Khan Na'eemi”; Hadith is the reported speech of the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W), whether this is: (a) explicit (sarih) or (b) implicit (hukmi). It is also the action of the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W) , also split into the two categories, and also what someone did or said in front of the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W) , but the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W) did not condemn that action or what was said, but, in fact remained silent and established it through His (S.A.W) action.

  1. a) Explicit (Sarih): In this type the witness has himself heard from the Prophet (S.A.W) or seen Him (S.A.W) personally performing some act e.g. “I heard the Messenger of Allah state that…” / “I saw the Messenger of Allah doing…”
  2. b) Implicit (Hukmi): means that any companion who does not transmit anything from the earlier books (such as from the People of the Book) informs of anything in which there is no room for ijtihad.

According to Dr. Mehmood Ghazi; “Sayings, deeds, decisions, tacit approval of His (S.A.W), companion talks and description of His (S.A.W) person is Hadith.

History of Hadith

The Prophet (S.A.W) had used following means to preserve Quran and Hadith.

  1. a) Memorization
  2. b) Through practice
  3. c) By recording (Writing)

The tradition was not restricted only to Madina. At the time of passing away of Prophet (S.A.W) there were more than one lac companions to transmit traditions. Maximum number has been transmitted by Hazrat Abu-Huraira (R.A). Hazrat Abu-Huraira (R.A) had 9 students for recording Hadith or tradition. Hazrat Anus-Bin-Malik (R.A) wrote 2286 Ahadith and 16 other persons wrote from him (R.A). He (R.A) was companion of Prophet (S.A.W) for 10 years.

Following number of ahadith are associated to the companions of prophet (S.A.W).

1) Hazrat Ayesha (R.A) 2210

2) Abdullah-ibne-Abbas 1660

3) Jaabar-ibne-Abdullah 1640

4) Abu-Saeed Khudri 1170

Kind of hadith

1) Hadith-os-Saheh

2) Hadith-e-Hasna

3) Hadith-e-Zaef

4) Hadith-e-Mutwatar


  1. At which place battle of Uhad took place?

The second Battle was fought on 07 Shawal 3 A.H among Kuffar and Muslims

Approximately 5 Km in the North of Madina there is a mountain named Uhad. Since the war took place there, it is called battle of Uhad
3. Character of Khalid Bin Waleed (R.H) in Battle of Moota?

When the war started the Muslim army comprising 3000 people attacked an army of 100,000 people. Hazrat Zaid (R.A) met shahadat right in the beginning. Now the flag was taken by Hazrat Abdullah-bin-Umar (R.A) who also met shahadat having 90 wounds on his chest. Now the command shifted to Hazrat Jaffar (R.A) and after that Hazrat Abdullah-bin-Rawah (R.A) who also met shahadat. Now Hazrat Khalid (R.A) became the commander and fought with great bravery and courage. 8 swords were broken but he (R.A) courageously fought with 3000 people against 100,000 people. Having appreciated the situation he very safely withdrew his army without any further loss. It was a great strategy.

Roman Army Defeated

Although, Shurjeel and Qaisar-e-Rome had prepared and organised an army comprising countless people but yet they could not do a great harm to the Muslim army which they had planned. It is strange that they were spread in a vast area and hardly any escape route was left yet, Hazrat Khalid (Saif-Ullah) (R.A) successfully withdrew his army without any great damage. That way the Roman plans were defeated.
4. Translation of 3 verses about patience?

Rewards are only for those who are patient with the Decree of Allah.

 Surah-e-Al-Imran verse # 146: “Allah surely loves those who are the Sabireen (patient).”

Surah-e-Baqarah verse # 155-156: “And We will surely test you with something of fear and hunger and a loss of wealth and lives and fruits, but give good tidings to the patient, Who, when disaster strikes them, say, "Indeed we belong to Allah , and indeed to Him we will return.

“ Surah-e-An-Nahl verse # 42: “[They are] those who endured patiently and upon their Lord relied.”

Surah-e-Ar-Rome verse # 60: “So be patient. Indeed, the promise of Allah is truth. And let them not disquiet you who are not certain [in faith].”

Surah-e-Ar-Raad verse # 24: "Peace be upon you for what you patiently endured. And excellent is the final home.

 “Surah-e-Al-Zummar verse # 10: "Indeed, the patient will be given their reward without account. “ Keeping in view the messages of Allah, the Prophet (S.A.W) faced everything and demonstrated unexampled patience. The Koraish taunted and mocked at Him (S.A.W), physically handled Him (S.A.W) and abused Him (S.A.W).
5. Translation of three verses about orphans?

Quran has also mentioned multi-dimensional instructions about the orphans.

 Surah-e-Ad-Duha verse # 9: “So as for the orphan, do not oppress [him].”

Surah-e-Al-Maoun verse # 1-2: “Have you seen the one who denies the Recompense? For  that is the one who drives away the orphan.”

Surah-e-Al-Fajar verse # 17: “No! But you do not honour the orphan.”

Surah-e-An-Nisa verse # 2: “And give to the orphans their properties and do not substitute the defective [of your own] for the good [of theirs]. And do not consume their properties into your own. Indeed, that is ever a great sin.”

 Surah-e-An-Nisa verse # 6: “And test the orphans [in their abilities] until they reach marriageable age. Then if you perceive in them sound judgement, release their property to them And do not consume it excessively and quickly, [anticipating] that they will grow up. And whoever, [when acting as guardian], is self-sufficient should refrain [from taking a fee] and whoever is poor - let him take according to what is acceptable. Then when you release their property to them, bring witnesses upon them. And sufficient is Allah as Accountant.”
6. When and where Khtba Hajj-tu-Wida was delivered?

Last sermon was held in the Arafat Valley on 9th Zil-Hajj 10 A.H. Prophet (S.A.W) addressed His (S.A.W) companions from the top of the Jabul-ul-Arafat. Due to the mountain of Arafat this valley is known as Arafat Valley. This was the Prophet‘s (S.A.W) first and last pilgrimage that’s why it is called Last Sermon or Farewell Address
7. How will u teach faith, adab un Nabi and Character to grade 4?

The verses have been carefully selected and you should remember yourself also. Since there is no other authority better than Quran therefore these verses have been selected from Quran.

The junior grade may not be able to pick up the whole matter but effort should be made that they remember at least the key words indicating the key topics.

The senior grade is comparatively mature therefore, they should be taught in comparatively greater detail. They should also be told to memorize some selected short verses which they can easily do.

These should be listened also and appropriate time should be allowed to complete the task. These lessons should also be used as motivation to read and understand the Holy Quran.
8. Translation of one verse about faith?

Surah-e-Baqara verse # 84 reads as: “To Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. Whether you show what is within yourselves or conceal it, Allah will bring you to account for it. Then He will forgive whom He wills and punish whom He wills, and Allah is over all things competent
9. How will you teach about orphans to grade 5?


Social Impotence of Fasting?

Even from seeing the social aspects Fasting is a matchless and unique institution of Islam. It is unexampled and ever growing tree of infinite virtue. It helps in understanding the pains and suffering of the poor and the deprived. We practically understand the difficulties of those who go without food.Poverty is helped through Zakat and national economy is also boosted. One becomes very kind hearted because once he himself goes through the hard experiences. When we turn towards righteousness ourselves and observe the rules of virtue we then refrain from sinful acts. This gives birth to a much better, co-operating and caring society. Lot of things improves at social level also.

Fasting in Ramadan enables us to master the art of mature adaptability and Time-Management. We can easily understand this point when we realize that fasting makes people change the entire course of their daily life. When they make the change, they naturally adapt themselves to a new system and schedule, and move along to satisfy the rules. This, in the long run, develops in them a wise sense of adaptability and self-created power to overcome the unpredictable hardships of life. In nut shell Fasting is an institution for the improvement of moral and spiritual character of human being. The purpose of the fasting is to help develop self-restraint, self-purification, God-consciousness, compassion, the spirit of caring and sharing, the love of humanity and the love of God.
Translation of 1 verse on wealth?

Surah-e-Al-Hamazah verse # 1-6 read as: “Woe to every scorner and mocker. Who collects wealth and [continuously] counts it He thinks that his wealth will make him immortal. No! He will surely be thrown into the Crusher. And what can make you know what the Crusher is? It is the fire of Allah, [eternally] fueled
Translation of 2 vesrses about Toheed and resaalat?

Quran has commanded us towards Toheed at several places in various ways.

  • In our prayers when we recite verse # 4 Surah-e-Fateha we say “It is You we worship and You we ask for help.”

  • Surah-e-Nisa verse # 36 which reads as: “Worship Allah and associate nothing with Him”

  • Surah-e-Al-Anbiya verse # 25: “And We sent not before you any messenger except that We revealed to him that, "There is no deity except Me, so worship Me.”

  • Addressing Prophet Moses God Says in Quran Surah-e-Taha verse # 14: “Indeed, I am Allah. There is no deity except Me, so worship Me and establish prayer for My remembrance.”

  • Surah-e-Ikhlas verse # 1-4: “Say, "He is Allah, [who is] One, Allah, the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, nor is there to Him any equivalent."
    Translation of 3 ayah about life after death?

 As referred in Surah-e-Al-Qasas verse # 61 : “Then is he whom We have promised a good promise which he will obtain like he for whom We provided enjoyment of worldly life [but] then he is, on the Day of Resurrection, among those presented [for punishment in Hell]?” Surah-e-Al-Jasia verse # 26 says: Say, “Allah causes you to live, then causes you to die; then He will assemble you for the Day of Resurrection, about which there is no doubt, but most of the people do not know. “We can find another reference in Surah-e-Yaseen verse # 79 which reads as: Say, "He will give them life that produced them the first time; and He is, of all creation, Knowing."
 Relation between Quran and sin?

The concept of sin is very simple if one tries to understand. Deviance, defiance, negligence and volunteer disobedience from the revelations of Holy Quran and Sunnah are sins. In this universe one spends his life at various levels e.g. life at individual level, collective level, social level, evident and discrete level. All these levels demand very transparent and virtuous acts. Quran has warned us against all those bad things, habits and acts which are called sins. For us life of Prophet (S.A.W) is ideal to follow and His (S.A.W) sermons are enough to remain away from commission of sins. Anything against the sermons of Allah in the Holy Quran and contrary to the life of Prophet (S.A.W) is sin. Prophet (S.A.W) gave a long list of sins in His (S.A.W) last sermon in Arafat

Quran also warns us against various sins at a number of places. E.g. the first sin committed by the man has been mentioned by the Quran in Surah-e-Baqarah verses 35-36. “And we said, "O Adam, dwell, you and your wife, in Paradise and eat there from in [ease and] abundance from wherever you will. But do not approach this tree, lest you be among the wrong-doers. “But Satan caused them to slip out of it and removed them from that [condition] in which they had been. And we said, "Go down, [all of you], as enemies to one another, and you will have upon the earth a place of settlement and provision for a time."
translation of 3 Hadith about Namaz?

Surah-e-Ar-Rome verse # 31 which reads as: “[Adhere to it], turning in repentance to Him, and fear Him and establish prayers and do not be of those who associate others with Allah” Surah-e-An-Nisa verse # 103 which reads as: “And when you have completed the prayer, remember Allah standing, sitting, or on your sides. But when you become secure, re-establish (regular) prayer. Indeed, prayer has been decreed upon the believers a decree of specified times.” In Surah-e-Al-Ankaboot verse # 45 Allah has commanded us as: “And regularly offer your Namaz, because surely Namaz stops you from bad and undesirable deeds.”
 How will you teach character?

The junior grade may not be able to pick up the whole matter but effort should be made that they remember at least the key words indicating the key topics.

The senior grade is comparatively mature therefore, they should be taught in comparatively greater detail. They should also be told to memorize some selected short verses which they can easily do

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Replies to This Discussion

Q:1 Important component of Hadith?

Hadith has got many components but following three components are usually quoted and used.

  1. A. Chain of transmitters (Isnad). Transmitter is the one who is the basic source of a hadith. Usually when we read a hadith we find the name of the narrator or transmitter right in the beginning. It has become almost a tradition that the writers first of all mention the name of the narrator in their writings. There are some narrators who are simply taken as an undoubted authority or their text is un-challenged. It is one of the writing skills that writers use such names before the text so that the reader concentrates fully well.
  2. B. Introduction (Taraf). The beginning sentence of a hadith or a part of it which provides indication  about the subject of the hadith, including sayings, actions, decisions and characteristics. It is called Taraf.
  3. C. Text of the Hadith (Mattan). Text of the hadith means the text of whole hadith without any ambiguity, even the slightest possible doubt or change. The chain is directly related to the text. The text does not change from narrator to the last man/writer who quotes it.

Q:2 Tadabur-e-Tafakkur mean defined with verse?

Surah-e-As-Saf Verse # 1-4:“Whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth exalts Allah, and He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.” “O you who have believed, why do you say what you do not do?”

“Great is hatred in the sight of Allah that you say what you do not do.” “Indeed, Allah loves those who fight in His cause in a row as though they are a [single] structure joined firmly.”

Surah-e-As-Saf Verse # 8-11:“They want to extinguish the light of Allah with their mouths, but Allah will perfect His light, although the disbelievers dislike it.” “It is He who sent His Messenger with guidance and the religion of truth to manifest it over all religion, although those who associate others with Allah dislike it.” “O you who have believed, shall I guide you to a transaction that will save you from a painful punishment?” “[It is that] you believe in Allah and His Messenger and strive in the cause of Allah with your wealth and your lives. That is best for you, if you should know.”

Q:3 Verse about preaching in Islam?

Preaching means to spread the message of Allah i.e. the message of faith. It is not an easy task and requires manifold and multi-dimensional requirements, means and efforts. One has to face many unpleasant situations also. During the time of Prophet (S.A.W) the non-believers were practising different believes and were very firmly attached to those believes. It was almost an un-manageable challenge to put them on the right track. The House of Allah was full of Idols and there was no dearth of worshipers of Idols. They were rigid, stubborn, blind followers, hostile, revengeful and non-forgiving. They were also well to do and possessed physical power also. Under those circumstances the last Messenger of Allah, Hazrat Mohammad (S.A.W) had to preach Islam. Well! He (S.A.W) was equipped with all the virtuous qualities and guidance and protection of Allah. Allah desired Him (S.A.W) to preach HIS name and HIS orders.

Surah-e-Al-Maidah verse #67: “O Messenger, announce that which has been revealed to you from your Lord, and if you do not, then you have not conveyed His message. And Allah will protect you from the people. Indeed, Allah does not guide the disbelieving people.” Preaching was a difficult task which commenced right from the day the first Wahi was revealed on the Prophet (S.A.W). The first address of preaching was from the Koh-e-Safa which created friends and foes.

Q:4 Define Uswa-e-Husana with verse?

Just as it is important to believe in God’s mercy and forgiveness, it is also necessary to base human relations on forgiveness. We cannot expect God's forgiveness unless we also forgive those who do wrong to us. Forgiving each other, even forgiving one's enemies is one of the most important of Islamic teaching. Surah-e-Al-Shuraa verse # 37: “And those who avoid the major sins and immoralities, and when they are angry, they forgive.” Surah-e-Al-Shuraa verse # 40: “And the retribution for an evil act is an evil one like it, but whoever pardons and makes reconciliation - his reward is [due] from Allah. Indeed, He does not like wrongdoers.” Surah-e-An-Nahl verse # 126: “And if you punish [an enemy, O believers], punish with an equivalent of that with which you were harmed. But if you are patient - it is better for those who are patient.”

Our Prophet (S.A.W) was a true example of forgiveness and no revenge. He (S.A.W) always overlooked other people’s faults and bad behaviour. For long thirteen years people of Mecca left no stone unturned to insult Him (S.A.W), abuse Him (S.A.W), harm Him (S.A.W) and tease Him (S.A.W) using awful methods. Even to the extent that many a times they tried to take His (S.A.W) life. Ultimately He (S.A.W) had to migrate to Madina and yet the non-believers did not change their behaviour and fought many battles against Him (S.A.W). Ultimately He (S.A.W) had to migrate to Madina and yet the non-believers did not change their behaviour and fought many battles against Him (S.A.W).

Instead He (S.A.W) asked Allah to forgive them and show them the right path. What better example of forgiveness can be than this? Abdullah-bin-Ubbay, the leader of the hypocrites had worked all his life against Hazrat Mohammad (S.A.W). He intrigued with the chiefs of Mecca to wage war against Muslims; he withdrew his 300 men from the battle of Uhad and harms the interest of Muslims. Yet, the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) forgave him and always treated him gently.

For thirteen years, the people of Mecca had taunted and mocked at Him (S.A.W), and abused Him (S.A.W) bitterly. Yet, when He (S.A.W) conquered Mecca, He (S.A.W) did not take any revenge from anyone. Even Abu-Syfiyan, who had fought many battles against Him (S.A.W), was forgiven. Anyone who took refuge in his house was also forgiven. At the end Prophet (S.A.W) said, ‘You all are free today’. Wahshy, who had murdered Prophet’s (S.A.W) uncle Hazrat Hamza (R.A) he had forgiven him also. It was He (S.A.W), who never took revenge from anyone for personal reasons and forgave even His (S.A.W) bitterest enemies

Q: 5 Verse about the day of judgments?

Surah-e-Baqara verse # 82 which reads as: “But they who believe and do righteous deeds - those are the companions of Paradise; they will abide therein eternally.”

In Surarh-e-Aal-Imran verse # 85: “And whoever desires other than Islam as religion - never will it be accepted from him, and he, in the Hereafter, will be among the losers.”

We also find another reference in Surah-e-Nisa verse # 136 which reads as: “O you, who have believed, believe in Allah and His Messenger and the Book that He sent down upon His Messenger and the Scripture which He sent down before……. And whoever disbelieves in Allah, His angels, His books, His messengers, and the Last Day has certainly gone far astray.”

Q:6 Connection of Quran and science?

Along with many other essentially required things the Quran has given science also to human beings. Starting from human body and living creature to solar system, oceanic system, rain, agriculture, storms, movement of Moon and Earth and other vast subjects have been covered by the Holy Quran. There are tremendous things which the man knew not before the revelation of Holy Book and then having carried out many experiments and scientific tests, ultimately Quranic version stood true. It is true today, and will be true forever. There are countless references which

can be quoted. e.g. { Surah-e-Baqarah verse # 164} “Indeed, in the creation of the heavens and earth, and the alternation of the night and the day, and the [great] ships which sail through the sea with that which benefits people, ….. ….and what Allah has sent down from the heavens of rain, giving life thereby to the earth after its lifelessness and dispersing therein every [kind of] moving creature and [His] directing of the winds and the clouds controlled between the heaven and the earth is signs for a people who use reason.” {Surah-e-Yasin verses 39-40} reads as:

“And the moon - We have determined for it phases, until it returns [appearing] like the old date stalk. It is not allowable for the sun to reach the moon, nor does the night overtake the day, but each, in an orbit, is swimming.” There are a great number of things which cannot be discussed in short time.

Q:9 Return to Allah according to verses?

Who, when disaster strikes them, say, "Indeed we belong to Allah , and indeed to Him we will return."surah Al Baqarah

Indeed, as-Safa and al-Marwah are among the symbols of Allah . So whoever makes Hajj to the House or performs 'umrah - there is no blame upon him for walking between them. And whoever volunteers good - then indeed, Allah is appreciative and Knowing. surah Al Baqarah

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