EDU601 Philosophy of Education Assignment 01 Fall 2020 Solution / Discussion
Philosophy of Education (EDU 601)
Assignment 1 (Fall 2020)
Total Marks: 15
Lesson No. 1-11 (Topic 01 to 78)
To assess the students’ understanding of concepts of teaching and motivate them for implementing lesson planning practically.
Rubrics for Assignment 1
Definition of 4 philosophies = 4 marks
Role of teacher in each philosophy = 4 marks
Methods of instruction = 4
Curriculum = 3
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EDU601 Assignment 1 Fall 2020 Solution:
Q#01: Shortly describe the terms Idealism, Realism, Pragmatism and Existentialism? Also comprehensively explain the role of Teacher, method of instruction, and curriculum according to each of the given philosophy with the help of suitable examples?
Idealists are people who follow idealism beliefs that ideas are the real only true reality, the only thing worth knowing. In a search for truth, beauty, and justice that is enduring and everlasting; the focus is on conscious reasoning in the mind.
Role of teacher in Idealism:
Idealism is that the oldest philosophy within the Western civilization. It’s a philosophical approach stating that ideas and data area unit the sole true reality. The most focus of idealism is on aware reasoning within the mind. The daddy of idealism, Plato, believed that folks ought to concern themselves in looking for the reality. As a Greek thinker, he believed that man didn't produce data however discovered it. Idealists believe that the aim of education ought to be directed toward the hunt for true ideas, self-fulfillment, and character development. Behavior is additionally vital for idealists. Idealistic ideas continuously help United States of America to get rid of the negatives and connect the positives. According to visionary, the teacher should be glorious so as to function. Idealists have high expectations of the teacher. A teacher is a philosopher and guide. There are few examples of teachers roles are:
Method of instruction in Idealism
Curriculum of idealism
Curriculum of idealism gives emphasis on the development of a sense of appreciations of truth, beauty and goodness. Idealistic curriculum gives emphasis on the training of moral, intellectual and aesthetic activities. Curriculum should base on educational thoughts of Plato, which is to develop such qualities in a man by the grace of which he may attain the highest goal that id God.
Realism, in philosophy, the viewpoint that accords to things, which are known or perceived an existence or nature, which is independent of weather anyone is thinking about or perceiving them.
Role of teacher in Realism
The realist teacher is of a dual personality. The realist teacher tries to present the knowledge of subject matter before the pupil in such a way as to make himself on with it. He himself become the voice of chemistry and physics and speaks in the classroom to ear, which are eager to receive it. He stands for truth. He has a great reverence for fact.
Method of instruction of realism
The method of teaching, in the line with realism, is to abstract from the temperament of each the teacher and therefore the pupils and permit the facts to talk for them. Within the method of presenting facts, the teacher is not expected to specific his subjective opinion on the matter.
Curriculum in realism
It is an American philosophy, which means Utility. Pragmatists believe that reality is actually what is experienced is subjective and is also changing.
Role of teacher in pragmatism
Pragmatism means that teacher as a helper, guide and thinker. The foremost necessary perform of pragmatic teacher is to recommend issues to his pupils and to stimulate them to seek out by themselves, the solutions, which can work. The teacher should give opportunities for the natural development of innate qualities of youngsters. His main task is to recommend issues to his pupils and to guide them to seek out answer.
Method of instruction in pragmatism
Curriculum in pragmatism
Pragmatic info deals with the mixing of subjects and activities. In keeping with pragmatism data is one unit. Pragmatists wish to construct versatile, dynamic and integrated info that aids the developing kid and therefore the dynamical society additional and additional because the wants, demands and state of affairs need.
Existentialists believe that reality exists inside the humans. There is no meaning of the outside world without its meaning being constructed inside the humans.
Existentialists believe that society mustn't limit associate individual’s life or actions which these restrictions inhibit discretion and also the development of that person’s potential.
Role of teacher in existentialist philosophy
The existentialist teacher isn't the middle of the instruction however rather a supporter. The goal is to assist students higher perceive WHO they're as people. This additionally means the scholar ought to have a selection in what they learn which the programmer must be somewhat versatile.
Methods of instruction in existentialist philosophy
These ways cause growth of economical relations and positive self-concept. Such ways are dialogue, Learner-centered technique and developing positive self-concept.
Curriculum in existentialist philosophy
The primary aim of the programmer is to assist learners develop their own values and perceive themselves inside their own cultural context: instead of being dense with facts to find out, associate existential programmer includes activities which will facilitate learners explore and categorical their own values and identities.