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Course: Comparative Education (EDU 604)
Semester: Fall, 2019
Assignment No: 1
Total Marks: 20
Topics 1-100

Instructions
• Late assignments will not be accepted.
• If the file is corrupt or problematic, it will be marked zero.
• Plagiarism will never be tolerated. Plagiarism occurs when a student uses work done by someone else as if it was his or her own; however, taking the ideas from different sources and expressing them in your own words will be encouraged.
• No assignment will be accepted via e-mail.
• The solution file should be in Word document format; the font color should be preferably black and font size should be 12 Times New Roman.
• Marks will be deducted for the incorrect format.
Questions:
1. What is comparative education? What is the scope of comparative education? (10+10)

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Questions No: 1

What is comparative education? What is the scope of comparative education?

Answer:

Comparative education:
Comparative education is essentially interdisciplinary. Comparative education has much importance in the education department. Comparative education is a very special for the students. We cannot ignore its importance. Comparative education is a discipline in the social sciences which entails the scrutiny and evaluation of different educational systems, such as those in various countries.
Comparative education considers the implications of comparative studies for the formation and implementation of policies in education, social, national and international development. Comparative education helps students to acquire better understanding of education system of other countries and borrow some aspects for better improvement of education at home.

Comparative education provides reference for reforms. Through studying the educational systems of other countries we can discover which reforms are possible and desirable. comparative education help students to understand how educational systems are shaped by wealth, ideology, social cultural features of the country and impacts of globalization on education policy and practice in different regions and countries.
Comparative education refers to the process of studying education system of other country similarity and differentiates from your country. It helps to determine strength and weakness of education in your country. It helps to improve teaching and learning process. It improves teaching technique and method. It helps to improve education curriculum of the particular country. It is very good for the student.

Comparative education is used in the development of educational testing procedures and the creation of educational programs and frameworks. Comparing systems can provide educators with ideas for revitalizing one system by incorporating elements of others, and it can allow people to track progress over time. We can say that comparative education is a study of two or more education systems.

Comparative education is a study of how the philosophy, objectives and aims, policy and practice of education in other countries influence the general development, policy and practice of education in a particular country. We can say that a study of how the development of education in the past, across the ages and continents, has influenced the development of education in particular countries.

Answer:
Scope of comparative education:
History:
In this section we talk about the historical development. This is very important department. History is a very special department. We cannot forget the importance of the history. It is a discipline of the history we discuss it.
Political science:
Political science has much importance in the comparative education. This is very necessary for us. Political science is a social study concerning the allocation and transfer of power in decision making, the roles and systems of governance including governments and international organizations, political behavior and public policies.
Cultural studies:
In comparative education cultures play a very important role. It helps us to understand ourselves and those around us by exploring a wide range of institutions, media, concepts and formations such as television, multiculturalism, and cultural heritage. A cultural study deals with cultural as a part of everyday life.
Philosophy:
Philosophy is a way of thinking about the world, the universe, and society. Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Philosophy is very good set of ideas.
Literature:
Literature is very important part of the comparative education. Literature is a term used to describe written and sometimes spoken material.
International relations:
International relations are about war and peace, conflict and cooperation, wealth and poverty, power and change, and understanding patterns of behavior. This has more importance in the comparative education.

Anthropology:
Anthropologists study human language, culture, societies, biological and material remains, the biology and behavior of primates, and even our own buying habit. It also has an impact.
Sociology:
It is a social science that uses various methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to develop a body of knowledge about social order, acceptance, and change or social evolution. These are sociological concern.
Historical and political development:
Historical and political development is very important part of the comparative education. We cannot ignore its importance in our life. You can study that how take history in politics and see how it comes together and what impact it has on education.

There are five perspectives that capture the scope of comparative education. These are;
1. The subject matter and content;
This is very important. Content has more importance in the comparative education. We cannot ignore it. This covers the essential components of educational systems such as structure, aims, content or curriculum, administration, financing, teacher education.

2. Geographical units of study;
Geographical units of study have much importance in the comparative education. We cannot forget it. These comprise intra-national, international, regional, continental and global or world systems studies and analysis. So we can say that this is very special part.
3. Ideological scope;
Ideological scope has played an important role in the comparative education. This is very necessary part of the comparative education. This compares countries' educational systems on the basis of different political, social and economic ideologies, for example, democratic, communism, socialist, capitalist, free market and mixed economies.
4. Thematic scope;
Thematic scope has a very good part of the comparative education. This scope focuses on educational themes, topical issues or problems and compares them within one or more geographical units. For example free primary and secondary education, universal primary education, education for all and universal higher education.
5. The historical or spatial scope;
The historical or spatial scope has much important scope. This is very necessary part of the comparative education. We cannot ignore it. This deals with the study of the historical development of the discipline from the earliest (pre-historic) phase known as the period of Travelers' Tales to the modern phase known as the period of social science perspectives.

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