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ENG001 Elementary English Assignment No. 02 Solution and Discussion Fall 2013 Due Date December 9, 2013

Elementary English: Eng001 (Fall 2013)

 

Assignment No.2

Total Marks: 15

Weightage: 0 (Non-graded)

Lesson 7-12

 

Objectives

 

To assess the students’ knowledge of words and their meaning in a context & general grammatical rules

 

Instructions

 

1. Assignments sent after the Due Date will not be accepted.

2. Corrupt files will be marked zero.

3. Assignments should be zoomed in at 100%.

4. Plagiarism will NOT be tolerated. Plagiarism means taking credit for someone else’s work by presenting it as your own.

5. No marks will be awarded for copied assignments and the case may be referred to the discipline committee for a suitable action.

6. No assignment will be accepted through e-mail.

7. Submit your work in MS Word file. Files other than MS Word will not be accepted.

7. Font color should be preferably black and font size should be 12 Times New Roman.

 

Q1. Read the paragraph carefully and bring out the meaning of the underlined words or phrases by considering the context in which they are used in the given paragraph. (Do NOT change the order of the words as given in the question) (10 marks)

 

More and more Pakistanis are going abroad for advanced studies, specialized training, temporary or permanent settlement or as tourists. There's been much talk in recent years of creative writing courses.Prolific writers from the different parts of the world are also either teaching or attending these courses. Theunequivocal growth of these courses has increased the adherence to popular genres. Art is not only a mirror to reflect the world but a hammer with which to shape or smash it. Now, aspiring novelists go on creative writing courses where, together, they collectively polish each other’s mirrors to a deep shine. Based on empirical evidence, some writers argue that experimentation and originality in writing has virtually died with theexplosive growth of these courses. Political and apolitical themes, demographic trends in the wake of global networks and immigrant experience are repetitive themes of most of the books that are currently appearing. Pakistan has not much of an “image” in the world. It lacks the resources and capital to maintain a massive propaganda machinery to voice its views and reflect its ideals. These courses should be encouraged in Pakistan as well because only writers and thinkers are the ones most likely to influence and mould the ideas and impressions of the world concerning Pakistan, its people and its policies. These specialized trainings and creative writing courses should be offered to Pakistani students so that they can learn new skills and effectively contribute in shouldering their responsibilities. After all, many minds are better than one.

 

 

 

Q2. Identify the voice of the each sentence from the given paragraph. (5 marks)

 

Last Saturday, we had an adventurous picnic party. We went to fish in the river on the outskirts of our village. A poem had been written by brother to see the beauty of the picnic spot. We gave the children a reward for behaving well. My cousin discovered a strange crawling creature on the sand.

 

Answer:

 

Sentence No.1: (Active / Passive)

Sentence No.2: (Active / Passive)

Sentence No.3: (Active / Passive)

Sentence No.4: (Active / Passive)

Sentence No.5: (Active / Passive)

 

 

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Sentences in Active and Passive Voice
Here are examples of sentences written in both the active voice and the passive voice, with the active voice sentence appearing first:

Harry ate six shrimp at dinner. (active)

At dinner, six shrimp were eaten by Harry. (passive)

Beautiful giraffes roam the savannah. (active)

The savannah is roamed by beautiful giraffes. (passive)

Sue changed the flat tire. (active)

The flat tire was changed by Sue. (passive)

We are going to watch a movie tonight. (active)

A movie is going to be watched by us tonight. (passive)

I ran the obstacle course in record time. (active)

The obstacle course was run by me in record time. (passive)

The crew paved the entire stretch of highway. (active)

The entire stretch of highway was paved by the crew. (passive)

Mom read the novel in one day. (active)

The novel was read by Mom in one day. (passive)

The critic wrote a scathing review. (active)

A scathing review was written by the critic. (passive)

I will clean the house every Saturday. (active)

The house will be cleaned by me every Saturday. (passive)

The staff is required to watch a safety video every year. (active)

A safety video will be watched by the staff every year. (passive)

She faxed her application for a new job. (active)

The application for a new job was faxed by her. (passive)

Tom painted the entire house. (active)

The entire house was planted by Tom. (passive)

The teacher always answers the students’ questions. (active)

The students’ questions are always answered by the teacher. (passive)

The choir really enjoys that piece. (active)

That piece is really enjoyed by the choir. (passive)

Who taught you to ski? (active)

By whom were you taught to ski? (passive)

The forest fire destroyed the whole suburb. (active)

The whole suburb was destroyed by the forest fire. (passive)

The two kings are signing the treaty. (active)

The treaty is being signed by the two kings. (passive)

The cleaning crew vacuums and dusts the office every night. (active)

Every night the office is vacuumed and dusted by the cleaning crew. (passive)

Larry generously donated money to the homeless shelter. (active)

Money was generously donated to the homeless shelter by Larry. (passive)

No one responded to my sales ad. (active)

My sales ad was not responded to by anyone. (passive)

The wedding planner is making all the reservations. (active)

All the reservations will be made by the wedding planner. (passive)

Susan will bake two dozen cupcakes for the bake sale. (active)

For the bake sale, two dozen cookies will be baked by Susan. (passive)

The science class viewed the comet. (active)

The comet was viewed by the science class. (passive)

Who ate the last cookie? (active)

The last cookie was eaten by whom? (passive)

Alex posted the video on Facebook. (active)

The video was posted on Facebook by Alex. (passive)

The director will give you instructions. (active)

Instructions will be given to you by the director. (passive)

Thousands of tourists view the Grand Canyon every year. (active)

The Grand Canyon is viewed by thousands of tourists every year. (passive)

The homeowners remodeled the house to help it sell. (active)

The house was remodeled by the homeowners to help it sell. (passive)

The team will celebrate their victory tomorrow. (active)

The victory will be celebrated by the team tomorrow. (passive)

The saltwater eventually corroded the metal beams. (active)

The metal beams were eventually corroded by the saltwater. (passive)

The kangaroo carried her baby in her pouch. (active)

The baby was carried by the kangaroo in her pouch. (passive)

Some people raise sugar cane in Hawaii. (active)

Sugar cane is raised by some people in Hawaii. (passive)

Hope So By reading  definations , example and difference evry one can give answer of Quesstion No 2

good Luck

Q2. Identify the voice of the each sentence from the given paragraph. (5 marks)

 

Last Saturday, we had an adventurous picnic party. We went to fish in the river on the outskirts of our village. A poem had been written by brother to see the beauty of the picnic spot. We gave the children a reward for behaving well. My cousin discovered a strange crawling creature on the sand.

 

Answer:

Sentence No.1: (Active )

Sentence No.2: (Active )

Sentence No.3: ( Passive)

Sentence No.4: (Passive)

Sentence No.5: (Active )

Qno1

Prolific=Having the quality of generating

unequivocal =not doubtful;

empirical evidence,=Depending upon experience or observation alone proof

explosive growth =unexpected spread 

Demographic=a particular sector of a population.

e.g="the drink is popular with a young demographic"
shouldering their responsibilities=to accept that you are responsible for something bad or difficult

Active and Passive Voice

Active voice describes a sentence where the subject performs the action stated by the verb. In passive voice sentences, the subject is acted upon by the verb

Active/Passive Voice Rules Chart


The object of the verb takes the position of Subject.The Subject of the verb in the active voice becomes the object and is usually preceeded by the preposition ‘by’.The tense of the verb in the passive voice remains the same as in the active voice.In the passive voice, third form of the verb is used.TenseRulePresent Indefinite Tenseis/am/are + V

I, We, He, She, They are changed intome, us, him, her, themTake care of singular and plural nature of nouns or pronouns. Verb/helping verb requiresto be adjusted accordingly.Interrogative sentences beginning with ‘wh’ words like what, why, when etc. thequestion word is retained in the beginning of the sentence. An interrogative sentence in theactive voice remains an interrogative in the passive form.An imperative sentence is a sentence showing order, or request. So, accordingly, in the passive voice, we say: You are requested/ordered/advised + infinive with ‘to’.Sentences involving order/advice are preferably changed into passive by using the word‘let’ or ‘should’. Please close the door. You are requested to close the door. Save your soul. Your soul should be saved. Let your soul be saved. Do it. Let it be done. It should be done.In some sentence the subject is understood type. Here the subject has to be suppliedaccording to the context while changing them into active form. The thief was arrested. (by the police.)Preoposition attached with the verbs in the active form continue to be attached with themeven in the passive form. Please listen to him. You are requested to listen to him. He turneddown my proposal. My proposal was tuned down by him.k In the case of a verb having two objects in Active Voice, either of them can be retained inthe passive. Hari gave me an apple. I was given an apple by Hari. An apple was given to me byHari.Intransitive verbs do not have passive forms. I go to school. Go is intransitive verb. Sono passive form.What is done, cannot be undone. What people do, they cannot undo.Quasi Passive Verbs: The rose smells sweet. The rose is sweet when smelt. Quinine tastes bitter. Quinine is bitter when tasted. Lemons taste sour. Lemons are sour when tasted.With some verbs, preposition ‘by’ is not used. Like know (to), surprise (at), annoy (with),contain (in), vex (with), please (with), displease (at), alarm (at), line (with), throng (with)

Elementary English: Eng001

Assignment=2     

         

 

 

Q1. Read the paragraph carefully and bring out the meaning of the underlined words or phrases by considering the context in which they are used in the given paragraph.

 

Answer: -

More and more Pakistanis are going abroad for advanced studies, specialized training, temporary or permanent settlement or as tourists. There's been much talk in recent years of creative writing courses. Creative writers from the different parts of the world are also either teaching or attending these courses. The unambiguous growth of these courses has increased the adherence to popular genres. Art is not only loading the picture of the world but a hammer with which to shape or smash it. Now, aspiring novelists go on creative writing courses where, together, they collectively polish each other’s mirrors to a deep shine. Based on evidence relating to or based on experience or observation, some writers argue that experimentation and originality in writing has virtually died with the over growth of these courses. Political and not interested or involved in politics themes, relating to the structure of populations trends in the wake of global networks and immigrant experience are repetitive themes of most of the books that are currently appearing. Pakistan has not achieved the trust of world. It lacks the resources and wealth to maintain a massive propaganda machinery to voice its views and reflect its ideals. These courses should be encouraged in Pakistan as well because only writers and thinkers are the ones most likely to influence and mould the ideas and impressions of the world concerning Pakistan, its people and its policies. These specialized trainings and creative writing courses should be offered to Pakistani students so that they can learn new skills and effectively contribute in impressive partnership of responsibilities. After all, many minds are better than one.

 

Q2. Identify the voice of the each sentence from the given paragraph.

 

Last Saturday, we had an adventurous picnic party. We went to fish in the river on the outskirts of our village. A poem had been written by brother to see the beauty of the picnic spot. We gave the children a reward for behaving well. My cousin discovered a strange crawling creature on the sand.

 

Answer:

 

Sentence No.1: (Active)

Sentence No.2: (Active)

Sentence No.3: (Passive)

Sentence No.4: (Active)

Sentence No.5: (Active)

Elementary English: Eng001

Assignment=2     

         

 

 

Q1. Read the paragraph carefully and bring out the meaning of the underlined words or phrases by considering the context in which they are used in the given paragraph.

 

Answer: -

More and more Pakistanis are going abroad for advanced studies, specialized training, temporary or permanent settlement or as tourists. There's been much talk in recent years of creative writing courses. Creative writers from the different parts of the world are also either teaching or attending these courses. The unambiguous growth of these courses has increased the adherence to popular genres. Art is not only loading the picture of the world but a hammer with which to shape or smash it. Now, aspiring novelists go on creative writing courses where, together, they collectively polish each other’s mirrors to a deep shine. Based on evidence relating to or based on experience or observation, some writers argue that experimentation and originality in writing has virtually died with the over growth of these courses. Political and not interested or involved in politics themes, relating to the structure of populations trends in the wake of global networks and immigrant experience are repetitive themes of most of the books that are currently appearing. Pakistan has not achieved the trust of world. It lacks the resources and wealth to maintain a massive propaganda machinery to voice its views and reflect its ideals. These courses should be encouraged in Pakistan as well because only writers and thinkers are the ones most likely to influence and mould the ideas and impressions of the world concerning Pakistan, its people and its policies. These specialized trainings and creative writing courses should be offered to Pakistani students so that they can learn new skills and effectively contribute in impressive partnership of responsibilities. After all, many minds are better than one.

 

Q2. Identify the voice of the each sentence from the given paragraph.

 

Last Saturday, we had an adventurous picnic party. We went to fish in the river on the outskirts of our village. A poem had been written by brother to see the beauty of the picnic spot. We gave the children a reward for behaving well. My cousin discovered a strange crawling creature on the sand.

 

Answer:

 

Sentence No.1: (Active)

Sentence No.2: (Active)

Sentence No.3: (Passive)

Sentence No.4: (Active)

Sentence No.5: (Active)

Elementary English: Eng001 (Fall 2013)

 

Solution File Of Assignment No.2

Total Marks: 15

Weightage: 0 (Non-graded)

Lesson 7-12

 

Objectives

 

To assess the students’ knowledge of words and their meaning in a context & general grammatical rules

 

Instructions

 

1. Assignments sent after the Due Date will not be accepted.

2. Corrupt files will be marked zero.

3. Assignments should be zoomed in at 100%.

4. Plagiarism will NOT be tolerated. Plagiarism means taking credit for someone else’s work by presenting it as your own.

5. No marks will be awarded for copied assignments and the case may be referred to the discipline committee for a suitable action.

6. No assignment will be accepted through e-mail.

7. Submit your work in MS Word file. Files other than MS Word will not be accepted.

7. Font color should be preferably black and font size should be 12 Times New Roman.

 

Q1. Read the paragraph carefully and bring out the meaning of the underlined words or phrases by considering the context in which they are used in the given paragraph. (Do NOT change the order of the words as given in the question) (10 marks)

 

More and more Pakistanis are going abroad for advanced studies, specialized training, temporary or permanent settlement or as tourists. There's been much talk in recent years of creative writing courses. Prolific writers from the different parts of the world are also either teaching or attending these courses. The unequivocal growth of these courses has increased the adherence to popular genres. Art is not only a mirror to reflect the world but a hammer with which to shape or smash it. Now, aspiring novelists go on creative writing courses where, together, they collectively polish each other’s mirrors to a deep shine. Based on empirical evidence, some writers argue that experimentation and originality in writing has virtually died with the explosive growth of these courses. Political and apoliticalthemes, demographic trends in the wake of global networks and immigrant experience are repetitive themes of most of the books that are currently appearing. Pakistan has not much of an “image” in the world. It lacks the resources and capital to maintain a massive propaganda machinery to voice its views and reflect its ideals. These courses should be encouraged in Pakistan as well because only writers and thinkers are the ones most likely to influence and mould the ideas and impressions of the world concerning Pakistan, its people and its policies. These specialized trainings and creative writing courses should be offered to Pakistani students so that they can learn new skills and effectively contribute inshouldering their responsibilities. After all, many minds are better than one.

 

 

 

Q2. Identify the voice of the each sentence from the given paragraph. (5 marks)

 

Last Saturday, we had an adventurous picnic party. We went to fish in the river on the outskirts of our village. A poem had been written by brother to see the beauty of the picnic spot. We gave the children a reward for behaving well. My cousin discovered a strange crawling creature on the sand.

 

Answer:

 

Sentence No.1: (Active / Passive)

Sentence No.2: (Active / Passive)

Sentence No.3: (Active / Passive)

Sentence No.4: (Active / Passive)

Sentence No.5: (Active / Passive)

 

See the attached file plesae

Attachments:

Sentence No:1  Active voice

Sentence No:2  Active voice   ( Active voice is used in a clause whose subject expresses the agent of the main verb)

Sentence No:3 Passive voice  (The noun  or noun phrase that would be the object of an active sentence (such as Our troops defeated the enemy) appears as the subject of a sentence with passive voice (e.g. The enemy was defeated by our troops)

Sentence No:4, 5 Active voice

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