ENG511 Psycholinguistics GDB No 01 Fall 2020 Solution / Discussion
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ENG511 GDB 1 Fall 2020 Solution idea:
Interaction between teachers and students play an important role in understanding the shared information. Keeping in mind the Pandemic Covid- 19 situation, identify the performance problems faced by the students in an online teaching with reference to your course. The major part of the world is on quarantine due to the serious outbreak of this global pandemic Covid-19 and therefore many cities have turned into phantom cities and its effects can be seen in schools, colleges, and universities too. There are number of technologies available for online education but sometimes they create a lot of difficulties. These difficulties and problems associated with modern technology range from downloading errors, issues with installation, login problems, problems with audio and video, and so on. Sometimes student finds online teaching to be boring and unengaging. Online learning has so much of time and flexibility that students never find time to do it. Personal attention is also a huge issue facing online learning. Students want two-way interaction which sometimes gets difficult to implement. The learning process cannot reach its full potential until students practice what they learn. Sometimes, online content is all theoretical and does not let students practice and learn effectively. Mediocre course content is also a major issue. Students feel that lack of community, technical problems, and difficulties in understanding instructional goals are the major barriers for online learning. Students were found to be not sufficiently prepared for balancing their work, family, and social lives with their study lives in an online learning environment. Students were also found to be poorly prepared for several e-learning competencies and academic-type competencies. Also, there is a low-level preparedness among the students concerning the usage of Learning Management Systems.
Like with other aspects of language, individual experiences and abilities vary. Read extensively about operation of working memory and describe that individual differences in working memory might influence how we comprehend discourse Working Memory and Comprehension Given the complexity of comprehension, we would expect that working memory capacity is also related to individual differences in comprehension performance. Gernsbacher and Faust provide evidence for this claim. They found that less skilled comprehenders were less efficient in rejecting the inappropriate meanings of ambiguous words. For example, when presented with sentences such as He dug with the spade, less skilled comprehenders were slower to reject the meaning of spade that pertains to playing cards in favor of the meaning that pertains to gardening. Comprehension involves, at some point, a consideration of syntactic, semantic, pragmatic, lexical, and extralinguistic factors.
• Baddeley's model of working memory, the executive controls attention and thus determines what information is attended and what is ignored. Working memory capacity is also related to individual differences in comprehension performance.
• The mechanism of suppression is a component of general comprehension skill.
• Individuals with smaller working memories were more likely to show garden path effects in sentences such as "the evidence examined by the lawyer."
• According to the modularity view, only certain kinds of information may be available to the language processor at a given time.
• Baddely Model of Working memory and Reading Comprehension. To conclude, we know that performance on many tasks improves with practice, and many investigators contend that the amount of working memory capacity needed to perform a task decreases with practice. We do not know much of how language experience influences an individual's language comprehension skill.