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Zakat is a significant Islamic system. It is a main source to establish social prosperity and economic stability in an Islamic society. It ensures to achieve sustainable development in terms of circulation of wealth among Muslims as well as decreasing the gap between the rich and the poor in the society. You have to discuss social and economic effects of Zakat at individual and collective level in an Islamic society.
The main problem of modern economic system is unequal distribution of wealth which is the main cause of social and economic problem. Islamic economic system solves this problem with zakat in a good manner. Once government implement zakat, it will automatically solve the problem of unequal distribution of wealth because the rich people will give zakat to poor for consumption.
To gain economic development it is very important that any country’s capital should circulate instead of accumulation. If capital goes towards accumulation the economic activities will become slow. Zakat is the best tool to circulate the money in economy.
Zakat avoids interest system. When the economy is prosperous the amount of zakat increases among poor. All these bring a balance in economic condition.
The basic reason of unemployment is the shortage of an effective demand. It is zakat through which unemployment decreased by increasing the level of effective demand. In Islamic economic system unemployment allowance can be given to unemployment persons.
Some people avoid using their income. Neither they take benefits of nor is any other person to do so interest system, an attempt made to decrease their accumulation through interest. But in Islamic economic system there is no such room for the circulation of their accumulation except Zakat that discourages the accumulation of wealth.
There are three basics of government finance tax, expenditure and national loan. In Islamic economy zakat is an important essential of government finance.
There are different people living in a society, there are some people unable to earn and depend on other for financial help through zakat. Such can be honorably protected with necessities of life.
Islamic state is a welfare state that has to fulfill the responsibility of the society. For the fulfillment of this duty there should be surety of National Income.
Another economic advantages or benefit of Zakat is that it is the most basic source of social welfare. In Islamic society zakat funds can be utilized in school and hospitals to help poor. This promotes collective welfare of the society.
The poor families cannot educate their children properly, who, accordingly, resort to Childlabor or fall in the hands of mischief mongers. Thus, they create many Problems for the area they live in.
Islam concentrates on the reform of individuals, who are constituents of a society.Usually all the Islamic commands start from the individual and travels to the Establishment of an ideal community of the people. It is quite a natural process of Positive change. Zakat, in the same way at first builds character of an individual and Then brings a lot of impacts to the society.
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