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ISL201 GDB Solution & Discussion Due Date 8th February, 2017

ISL201 - Islamic Studies GDB No. 1 Solution Fall 2016 Due Date 8th February, 2017

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This is to inform that Graded Discussion Board (GDB) will be opened on 7th February, 2017 for discussion and last date of discussion is 8th February, 2017.

Topic/Area for Discussion:  “Obedience of Executive Authority

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Question Title:

Obedience of Executive Authority

Question Description:

  It is necessary to obey executive authorities. Allah SWT says in Quran, in surah Alnisa, verse: 59:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّـهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَأُولِي الْأَمْرِ مِنكُمْ 

“O ye who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the messenger and those of you who are in authority”

This has been emphasized in many of the sayings of Holy Prophet SAW also. It is rational too to obey them. Discipline and harmony in society can only be created by following executive authorities. Otherwise, there will be condition of “right is might” in the society.

In spite of all this importance; question arises, are we bound to follow them in all conditions, at any cost or there some reasons/factors which allow us to raise our voices against them?

Note: Minimum one verse of holy Quran should be referred to prove the subject.

Solution of GDB. 07-02-2017

During the course of our lives, there will always be people who have been given an authority over us in many different ways. For example, as children our parents have been made in charge of us and hence, have an authority over us. On account of this, we have to obey them in all matters, except in cases when it brings about violating of the teachings of Islam.
Similarly, in a Jamaat, the Imam has been made our leader and so, on account of this authoritative position, we are asked to obey him. Likewise, when Muslims live under an Islamic rule, a Hakim or an Ameer is made as their leader. On account of his status, those under him are required to obey him. In all these cases, obedience is given only in matters when the laws of Islam are not violated.

The issue is not about a leader being fallible or infallible. Instead, it is about being obedient to those who have been given an authority over us. It is in this regard, the Prophet (SAS) is reported to have said, ‘I advise you to fear Allah, and listen and obey even though an Abyssinian slave is made your Ameer (leader). (Mishkaat).

If infallibility was a condition for one to be obeyed then the Shariah of Islam would not have asked us to be obedient to our parents, and the Prophet (SAS) would not have asked his followers to obey their leader. Obviously, parents and leaders are not infallible, yet, they are to be obeyed in all matters which do not contradict or oppose the teachings of Islam.

With respect to the verse in question which orders the Muslims to ‘Obey Allah and the Messenger and those of authority’, the exegetes and commentators have given a number of explainations.

In this regard, they have mentioned that ‘Ulul Amr’ ‘those vested with authority’, refer to the scholars and jurists (Ulama and Fuqaha). This is the opinion of the great exegetes and commentators like Abdullah bin Abbas (RA), Jabir bin Abdullah (RA), Ata bin Abi Rabah, Dhahak,Mujahid, Ibn Abi Najih, Ata bin Saib, Hasan Basri, Abul Aliyah and others. (Tafseer Ibn Jareer At Tabari vol.5 pg 179). (Print- Dar Ihya Turath Al Arabi Beirut)

Some scholars like Ikrama have stated that ‘Ulul Amr’ refers to the Sahabahs (Ibid).

Some commentators have stated that ’those vested with authority’ refers to rulers and leaders (Ibid). While reconciling between these opinions, the great jurist and exegete of the Holy Quran, Imam Abu Bakr Al Jasas states that there is no contradiction between the two opinions. In fact, both are implied. Rulers should be followed in political matters and state affairs, and scholars are to be followed in matters of the Shariah and the lawful and unlawful. (Ahkamul Quran by Jasas vol.2 pg.210) (Print Suhail Academy Lahore, Pakistan).

If anybody have found the verse of the holy Quran related to this topic please share.

Muhammad Haibat Khan  thanks for sharing 

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In this regard, they have mentioned that ‘Ulul Amr’ ‘those vested with authority’, refer to the scholars and jurists (Ulama and Fuqaha). This is the opinion of the great exegetes and commentators like Abdullah bin Abbas (RA), Jabir bin Abdullah (RA), Ata bin Abi Rabah, Dhahak,Mujahid, Ibn Abi Najih, Ata bin Saib, Hasan Basri, Abul Aliyah and others. (Tafseer Ibn Jareer At Tabari vol.5 pg 179). (Print- Dar Ihya Turath Al Arabi Beirut)

Some scholars like Ikrama have stated that ‘Ulul Amr’ refers to the Sahabahs (Ibid).

Some commentators have stated that ’those vested with authority’ refers to rulers and leaders (Ibid). While reconciling between these opinions, the great jurist and exegete of the Holy Quran, Imam Abu Bakr Al Jasas states that there is no contradiction between the two opinions. In fact, both are implied. Rulers should be followed in political matters and state affairs, and scholars are to be followed in matters of the Shariah and the lawful and unlawful. (Ahkamul Quran by Jasas vol.2 pg.210) (Print Suhail Academy Lahore, Pakistan).

While explaining the issue of ‘Ulul Amr’, the great scholar, Hafiz Ibn Qayyim says, ‘leaders and rulers are followed when they gave orders in accordance to the requirements of knowledge. So following them is subject to following scholars. For certainly, obedience occurs only in acts of goodness and what knowledge necessitates. So just as following the scholars is subject to following the Prophet (SAS), so too following the rulers (leaders) are subject to following the scholars. Hence, when the establishment of Islam occurs with these two groups, the scholars and rulers, and all the people follow and obey them, then the goodness of the world is with the goodness of these two groups, and the mischief of the world is with the mischief of these two groups’ (Ilam Al Muqi’een vol.1 pg. 17) (Print- Maktaba Darul Bayan, Damascus)


If the Islamic state is responsible for the preservation of its legitimacy, then its executive authorities as represented by the Iman, the governors and the employees of the state may not depart from his legitimacy in the administration and managing the affairs of state .So if any one of them does anything addressed by such regulation or decisions will not be obligated to obey or comply. Moreover, if what he has done is of a material nature and causes loss or injury to an individual or to a group, then the Chief Executive must ensure that compensation is provided for such a loss either through the courts or the Ombudsman.

please kindly provide one related verse to prove verse?

Muhammad Haibat Khan  thanks for sharing 

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see in lecture 4 of isl 201(AL-HAQAH:10 )(AN-NISA:42)(AL-AHZAB:17)

In Islam the obedience of Allah and His Messenger is compulsory. Anybody either who is Muslim or not but living inside in Islamic state, they have to accept the all decisions in order to maintain the law and order.
In Quran chapter no 4 surah al-Nisa Allah says about executive authority:
“Nay, by thy Sustainer! They do not attain to faith until they make thee (O Muhammad) a judge of what is in dispute between them and find in themselves no dislike of what thou decides, and submit with (full) submission”
From this ayah we conclude that we must follow the decisions of Allah and His Messenger because from this, the laws and order as well as our lives will be good and there will be peace everywhere.
There is a little bit concession in the executive authority decisions.
For example if they order you to do a work which is forbidden in Islam, then you are free here to not to do that.
Don’t be disobedient to Allah whenever you obedient to people (Al- Hadith)

In Islam the obedience of Allah and His Messenger is compulsory. Anybody either who is Muslim or not but living inside in Islamic state, they have to accept the all decisions in order to maintain the law and order. 
In Quran chapter no 4 surah al-Nisa Allah says about executive authority:
“Nay, by thy Sustainer! They do not attain to faith until they make thee (O Muhammad) a judge of what is in dispute between them and find in themselves no dislike of what thou decides, and submit with (full) submission”
From this ayah we conclude that we must follow the decisions of Allah and His Messenger because from this, the laws and order as well as our lives will be good and there will be peace everywhere.
There is a little bit concession in the executive authority decisions.
For example if they order you to do a work which is forbidden in Islam, then you are free here to not to do that.
Don’t be disobedient to Allah whenever you obedient to people (Al- Hadith)

Important announcement about ISL201

Important announcement

Graded Discussion Board

Islamic Studies (ISL 201)

Dear students, 

Due date of GDB was 8th February, 2017. But due to LMS problem it has been extended till 10th February, 2017. 
You can submit your GDBs now. 
No GDB will be accepted via email,,
because due date has been extended

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