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 Introduction of Speech

Learning objectives: The objective of this assignment is to

 Involve students in writing on a topic considering the chronological order of writing text.  Enable them to write precisely and in a sequence.

Chronological order

Chronological order is the method of arranging your subject's main points in a time sequence. Some information, such as a message about a historical movement or process, lends itself to chronological ordering.

Q.1. Considering the chronological pattern of writing body of a speech, write three paragraphs on the topic “History of Multan”. (Marks: 12)

Gathering material and Citations

Q.2. Considering the topic “corruption and its effects on Pakistan”, collect a one paragraph material from each of the following sources and give proper citation.

Sources of Gathering Material:

 Newspaper.

 Journal.

 Book.

 Magazine.    (Marks: 08)

Learning Outcomes:

Students will learn

 About chronological writing on a topic.  How to gather material and give citations

Note: Copied material will be graded “Zero”.

Schedule Opening Date and Time 17, May, 2017 At 12:01 A.M.

(Mid-Night) Due Date and Time 23, May, 2017 At 11:59 P.M. (Mid-Night)

Note:Only in the case of Assignment,24 Hrs extra / grace period after the above mentioned due date is usually available to overcome uploading difficulties which may be faced by the students on last date. This extra time should only be used to meet the emergencies and above mentioned due dates should always be treated as final to avoid any inconvenience.

Important Instructions: Please read the following instructions carefully before attempting the assignment solution. Deadline:  Make sure that you upload the solution file before the due date. No assignment will be accepted through e-mail once the solution has been uploaded by the instructor. Formatting guidelines:  Use the font style “Times New Roman” and font size “12”.  It is advised to compose your document in MS-Word 2003.  Use black and blue font colors only.

Solution guidelines:

 Use APA style for referencing and citation. For guidance search “APA reference style” in Google and read various website containing information for better understanding or visit


 Every student will work individually and has to write in the form of an analytical assignment.

 Give the answer according to question, there will be negative marking for irrelevant material.

 For acquiring the relevant knowledge don’t rely only on handouts but watch the video lectures and use other reference books also.

Rules for Marking:

 Please note that your assignment will not be graded or graded as Zero (0) if:

 It has been submitted after due date

 The file you uploaded does not open or is corrupt

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Replies to This Discussion

hello friends share your here

for question 1 see page 8

for question 2 zahid odho
karachi ki journal

page no.8 from where and what is zahid odho karachi ki hournal?????

Page no 8 per kahan?

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mcm 301 solution


MCM301 Assignment#02 Solution By ihteram 

Assignment No. 02
Semester: Spring 2017

Question: 1
Considering the chronological pattern of writing body of a speech, write three paragraphson the topic “History of Multan”.
Multan History:
Four rare things Multan abounds Heat, Saints, Dust and Burial Grounds
(Persian poet describes the primordial environment of the historic city of Multan)

Multan is a city in the Punjab Province of Pakistan, and capital of Multan District. It is located in the southern part of the province, and is steeped in history. It has a population of over 3.8 million (according to 1998 census), making it the sixth largest city in Pakistan. It is built just east of the Chenab River, more or less in the geographic center of the country, and about 966 km from Karachi.

Multan is known as the 'City of Pairs and Shrines', and is a prosperous city of bazaars, mosques, shrines and superbly designed tombs. The Multan International Airport connects to flights to major cities in Pakistan and to cities in the Persian Gulf.The city's industries include metalworking, flour, sugar, and oil milling, and the manufacture of textiles, fertilizer, soap, and glass. Multan is also known for its handicrafts, especially pottery and enamel work.

One of the subcontinent's oldest cities, Multan derives its name from an idol in the temple of the sun god, a shrine of the pre-Muslim period. The city was conquered (c.326 BC) by Alexander the Great, visited (AD 641) by the Chinese Buddhist scholar Hsüan-tsang, taken (8th cent.) by the Arabs, and captured by Muslim Turkish conqueror Mahmud of Ghazna in 1005 and by Timor in 1398. In the 16th and 17th century, Multan enjoyed peace under the early Mughal emperors.

In 1818 the city was seized by Ranjit Singh, leader of the Sikhs. The British held it from 1848 until Pakistan achieved independence in 1947. Landmarks include an old fort containing the 14th-century tombs of two Muslim saints.

Question: 1

Considering the topic “corruption and its effects on Pakistan”, collect a one paragraphmaterial from each of the following sources and give proper citation.

Corruption in Pakistan is widespread, particularly in the government and lower levels of police forces. According to 2016 results of Corruption Perception Index of Transparency International, Pakistan ranks 116th place out of 176 countries with its previous score of 127 out of 175 in 2013.
Corruption is an evil, which has played havoc with the socio-economic development of Pakistan. Corruption is a curse and a major hurdle to the progress of Pakistan. According to the World Bank estimates, more than US$1 trillion is paid in bribe every year and according to one estimate the cross-border flow of proceeds from corruption, criminal activities and tax evasion is US$3.61 trillion every year, or the equivalent of 3 to 5 percent of the world’s GDP. The first cause ofrapid corruption in Pakistan is lack of accountability. Our institutions like anti-corruption department and National Accountability Bureau- (NAB) are not fully independent. Whether it is military rule or civilian government, these institutions have been influenced and used by both civil and military governments for their personal gains or political victimization of the opponents.
Reasons behind all of above types of corruption are casual attitude, lack of commitment, non-clarity of good values, laziness, personal inability, avoiding hard work, discontentment, much desires and accordingly strong urge for accomplishing or achieving those wishes, jealousy and like more. Someone rightly said that behind every great fortune there is crime. Unfortunately everyone wants great fortune and are least bothered about the part i.e. crime. Quranic verse says that earning halal, judicial and fair livelihood is Ibadat and a person doing so is friend of Allah.
Corruption causes inequity in society and the gap between the rich and the poor increases. It is also regarded as the murder of merit. Corrupt people bypass deserving people and appoint their relatives or supporters to lucrative posts. According to Transparency International report 2011, Pakistan stands at 34th position in the world. The level of corruption has reached the optimum and it is advisable for the government of Pakistan to take some serious action to root out this menace from society.

Note: If you see any mistake and something wrong do your own work it is my thinking maybe your pint not match with me. Thank you 

ihteram dear, where is citation in ans. 2 against each para?

last date kab ha mcm301 k assignment?

aj hain last date.


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