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“Semester Spring 2013”
“Communication Skills (MCM301)”
Assignment No. 02 Marks: 15
The objective of this assignment is
• To make students learn about persuasive speech and its specifications.
Persuasive speaking craves us to do something. A persuasive speaker leads, evokes emotions and ask for audience commitment for a specific task. At times persuasive speeches are meant to earn passive agreement, such as persuading audience of the importance of some policy, value, or service. On the other hand, persuasive speeches aim for personal action, as in prompting people to join an association or institute, buy a product or service, or support a cause.
• You are supposed to write a comprehensive persuasive speech (at least 300 words) on the following topic:
• “Going Green refers to an individual action that a person can consciously take to diminish harmful effects on the environment through consumer habits, behavior, and lifestyle. This can be attained by using environment friendly products and services.”
• Students will learn different techniques and importance of persuading audience regarding any cause. Important Note
1. For better understanding of the discussed concepts thoroughly read lecture no 19.
2. For more information of Go Green conept please visit: Concept of Going Green | eHow http://www.ehow.com/about_6681447_concept-going-green.html#ixzz2Vzk...
3. Video lectures can be downloaded for free from http://ocw.vu.edu.pk/
4. In case of any ambiguity feel free to ask at firstname.lastname@example.org
Copied material will be graded “Zero.”
June 28 , 2013 At 12:01 A.M. (Mid Night)
July 4, 2013 At 11:59 A.M. (Mid Night)
Only in the case of Assignment, 24 Hrs extra / grace period after the above mentioned due date is usually available to overcome uploading difficulties which may be faced by the students on last date. This extra time should only be used to meet the emergencies and above mentioned due dates should always be treated as final to avoid any inconvenience. Important Instructions:
Please read the following instructions carefully before attempting the assignment solution.
• Make sure that you upload the solution file before the due date. No assignment will be accepted through e-mail once the solution has been uploaded by the instructor.
• Use the font style “Times New Roman” and font size “12”.
• It is advised to compose your document in MS-Word 2003.
• Use black and blue font colors only.
• Use APA style for referencing and citation. For guidance search “APA reference style” in Google and read various website containing information for better understanding or visit http://linguistics.byu.edu/faculty/henrichsenl/apa/APA01.html
• Every student will work individually and has to write in the form of an analytical assignment.
• Give the answer according to question, there will be negative marking for irrelevant material.
• For acquiring the relevant knowledge don’t rely only on handouts but watch the video lectures and use other reference books also.
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• It has been submitted after due date
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How to Write a Persuasive Speech
There are lots of things to consider and understand prior to writing a persuasive speech. In order to influence others, you have to understand the subject, and understand the audience's perception of the subject. Moving around also helps because it enables all of the audience to get an emotional response.
Understand the subject well.
This page won't help you at all if it's for a speech due tomorrow. Go over why you feel the way you do about the subject and consider the different challenges that you had to overcome to get to the point where you began feeling this way. Find a subject which you are passionate about. The listener does not want to hear a speech about something that you don't even care about.
Research your audience, understand their perception of the subject, and try your best to learn what obstacles are in place to block them from seeing the subject from your point of view. Write these obstacles down.
3Acknowledge obstacles. You should not ignore obstacles, but rather prepare for, and conquer them. Search for answers around these obstacles. If you do, people who come across these obstacles during your speech will ignore you. You have to find ways around or through these obstacles to help your audience do the same. To be successful, you have to lead your audience, not assume or even demand that they "understand you".
4Note your strategies and ideas. Write down the obstacles and your methods for getting around them down, and put them in a logical order format. Turn each of the obstacles into a paragraph explaining the method of understanding that gets around the obstacle.
5Link where necessary. If needed, write paragraphs linking the "obstacle" paragraphs together in a logical order. When this is done, you should have a rough draft of your speech.
6Practice your speech privately, in front of a mirror. Make notes on what sounds awkward and what doesn't flow or transition well. Logical flow is a strong tool of a persuasive speech, and without it, a speech is difficult to understand, much less be persuasive. During this process adjust your speech for the time allowed, and correct any errors.
7Discover your weaknesses. Do you happen to say "um" frequently in between sentences or topics? Do you use your hands too much, or not enough by keeping them in your pockets? Avoid these and other bad habits so that you can work towards changing them. Speak with a clear voice, avoiding a monotone, and use your hands casually to emphasize points.
8Polish your introduction. After editing your speech, add an attention story to the beginning. An attention story is a short story that is not related to the subject that highlights a problem that is similar to the problem that you are trying to overcome in your speech. A perfect introduction will: (1) get attention [use something like an analogy or story] (2) establish rapport [means goodwill, something your audience can relate to] (3) Preview what the rest of your speech will be about
9Continue editing. After adding your attention story, edit your speech further again and try not to add last minute ideas.
10Practice your speech publicly, in a small group. Perform it in front of people who agree with your perception of the subject. Welcome their feedback and any obstacles that they might think will become visible. Edit your speech again for any changes, always adjusting the size of your speech for the time allowed. Also, do not stand in one spot (unless on camera), as moving around a bit will help to keep your audience focused because it establishes a sense of interactivity. Engage your audience with your movements and eye contact. Look directly at individuals in your audience, changing your gaze every so often. If a few particular audience members smile in response, remember them as a focal point. They may provide visual support and encouragement if you falter a bit during your speech.
11Practice your speech again privately, in front of the mirror. Try to learn your speech as much as you can to where your notes are mainly just to keep you on track. What your expressions and your mannerisms, make sure that you use voice inflection and that you have emotion in your speech. If there is no emotion in your voice or body, more than likely, there won't be any in the audience either.
12Dress appropriately for the gathering where your speech will be held. Be confident, caring, and humble.
13Give your speech. Prepare yourself ahead of time with your own positive encouragement and praise. If you find it helpful, give yourself verbal encouragement in front of a mirror. Alternatively, seek the encouragement of a friend or co-worker.
14Make sure that your speech really focuses on the topic, and that it is coherent and united (in the sense that all items are more or less related to the topic).
i dont understand , what is actual task can any body tell me ?
Dear allz It is so simple, 300 words ki speech likhne he jis me Greenery ke bare me likha he, & people me awareness create krni he keh 'an individual action that a person can consciously take to diminish harmful effects on the environment through consumer habits, behavior, and lifestyle.'
Plzz can anyone give me some idea about this assignment???? How i can start this assignment? what should be the starting material of the assignment?
Ladies and gentlemen
Before I deliver my speech, let me introduce may self. My name is Indrawati Husna. It is a great pleasure for me to be given the opportunity to deliver a speech entitled; Go Green.
As an individual, we can do many things to support and keep Going Green.
1. Eliminate “phantom loads” in your house.
When an appliance, such as a TV, computer, or microwave goes into its standby mode, it is still drawing power into your home. These power draws are known as phantom loads, and can increase your power bill without your getting the maximum use.
2. Stuff the fridge
What can you do to increase the energy efficiency of your refrigerator?
3. Wrap your water heater with old blankets
The blanket will act as an insulator and keep more of the heat inside of your water heater, instead of it being sloughed off as excess energy. The longer that you keep the water hot, the less energy is required to heat the water up for your next shower, laundry run, or dishwashing jaunt. While it’s true that you can purchase specialized materials for this, an old blanket will work just fine.
4. Replace your bulbs with CFLs as they burn out
Compact Fluorescents (CFLs) use less power than traditional incandescent bulbs, but it can be extremely expensive if you’re replacing everything at once. As they burn out, put in a new CFL instead of a round incandescent, and you’ll not only save money, but you’ll save power.
5. Shut off lights when not in use.
This one is easy in theory, but sometimes it’s hard to think about each time.
Take a few moments to shut off the light as you cross the threshold. The greenest activities that you can do are ones that you do on a daily basis. While changing over your water system to reclaim grey water and installing solar panels are definitely green, it’s the little things which can be done every day that will help even more in your going green efforts.
aslam o alicom
kisi ny assignment complete kr li hy to thora sa idea ya dy de
+ Saim Rao gud keep it up & thanks for sharing
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thanks Tariq bhai ......!