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MCM515 Assignment No. 01 Discussion and Solution Due Date December 1, 2014

Assignment

Radio news reporting and production (mcm515)

 

Dear Students!

 

This is to inform that an Assignment will be opened on November 25, 2014 and due date of assignment submission will be December 1, 2014.

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TOPIC
Radio News Stories
Learning objectives:
The objective of this assignment is to
 Involve students in writing a special report for radio keeping the structure of report in
mind.
Background:
The emergence of so many radio channels has created an atmosphere of competition and in
this competitive era listeners demand more than just what is termed as hard news. A quality
news bulletin is the one that contains as many segments as it can. The segment contains
something to tell listeners about fashion, family, foods and social events; and the reviews of
television, plays, radio programmes, films, special day’s reports etc.
Task:
Q. Suppose you are a reporter for Radio Pakistan. Your task is to produce special reports on
Quaid-e-Azam and Kashmir Day keeping the given guidelines in focus.
Guidelines for writing the news stories
 Give headlines, construct body and conclusion.
 Apply the formula of 5 W and 1 H in your reports.
 Additional reading:
http://writing.umn.edu/isw/assets/pdf/publications/Irving%20Fang.pdf
Learning outcomes:
Student will learn
 Writing important day’s news reports for radio.
Marks (7.5+7.5)
Radio news reporting and production MCM515
Department of Mass Communication
Virtual University of Pakistan SEMESTER FALL 2014
ASSIGNMENT NO.1 MARKS: 15Note: Copied material will be graded “Zero”.
Schedule
Opening Date and Time 25th November, 2014 At 12:01 A.M. (MidNight)
Due Date and Time 1
st December, 2014 At 11:59 P.M. (MidNight)
Note: Only in the case of Assignment, 24 Hrs extra / grace period after the above mentioned
due date is usually available to overcome uploading difficulties which may be faced by the
students on last date. This extra time should only be used to meet the emergencies and above
mentioned due dates should always be treated as final to avoid any inconvenience.
Important Instructions:
Please read the following instructions carefully before attempting the assignment solution.
Deadline:
 Make sure that you upload the solution file before the due date. No
assignment will be accepted through e-mail once the solution has been
uploaded by the instructor.
Formatting guidelines:
 Use the font style “Times New Roman” and font size “12”.
 It is advised to compose your document in MS-Word 2003.
 Use black and blue font colors only.
Solution guidelines:
 Use APA style for referencing and citation. For guidance search “APA
reference style” in Google and read various website containing information for
better understanding or visit
http://linguistics.byu.edu/faculty/henrichsenl/apa/APA01.html
 Every student will work individually and has to write in the form of an analytical
assignment.
 Give the answer according to question, there will be negative marking for
irrelevant material.
 For acquiring the relevant knowledge don’t rely only on handouts but watch
the video lectures and use other reference books also.
Rules for Marking:
Please note that your assignment will not be graded or graded as Zero (0) if:
 It has been submitted after due date
 The file you uploaded does not open or is corrupt

GREAT people celebrate birthdays or observe death anniversaries of the Fathers of their nations not merely by pompous display of festivities but by strictly following the precepts and guidelines left by their founding fathers in letter and spirit.

Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah whose word was law for his followers. But he never acted like a dictator. He derived his power from the people to whom he always considered himself accountable. At a time he was offered life presidentship of the All India Muslim League. He refused by saying that he would like to come before the Muslim League Council every year and get himself elected its president on the strength of his performance.

Prof Stanley Wolpret in his book 'Jinnah of Pakistan' says:

'Few individuals significantly alter the course of history. Fewer still modify the map of the world. Hardly anyone can be credited with creating a nation-state. Mohammad Ali Jinnah did all three.'

Jinnah had a firm faith in the democratic system of Government and throughout his life he continued to adhere scrupulousy to the democratic norms. Muslim League activist had assembled at a Muslim League General Council meeting under his presidentship. He invited participants to express their views. The councillors said “You are our leaders, you order and we-will follow.” The Quaid said what was fun of assembling people from every nook and comer of the country. If he was to order, he would have issued a statement in the press.

It was through the democratic process that he was able to spearhead the Muslim freedom movement. This was one of the biggest mass movement in the history of All India Muslim League. Later as Governor-General of Pakistan he acted strictly in accordance with, universally accepted rules of business. Such was his stature and so commanding was his hold over the Muslim rank and life that an ordinary man would have turned autocratic in attitude and dealings but not so the Quaid. He was a constitutionalist.

When he was Governor-General Pakistan Government placed an order for purchase of an aeroplane for his travelling. The plane construction company suggested that certain additional accessories would enable the Governor-General to work while flying. The Governor staff accepted the proposal. When the file went to the Finance Ministry the Finance Minister observed that prior approval should have been sought from his Ministry. The Government had no funds for the additional accessories. The Quaid agreed with the Finance Minister and cancelled the order.

Quaid would not deviate from the path of constitutional procedure even if it meant a delay in the achievement of his goal. He was in a position to take decision on his own but he never did so and always sought the approval of the Muslim League Working Committee. On the eve of independence British Viceroy sought an instant reply and threatened that otherwise he would not get Pakistan. The Quaid replied that he would answer only after the concurrence of the Muslim League Working Committee. Pakistan was achieved through the democratic process and it can progress only by pursuing the path of democracy.

Principle on which the Quaid laid great emphasis in his practice as well in pronouncements was that of democracy. Quaid-i-Azam in his presidential address at the session of the All India Muslim League in Delhi on April 24, 1943 envisioned the Government of Pakistan in the words:
“ I have no doubt in my mind, that a large body of us visualise Pakistan as the people’s Government. Either you seize it by force or get it by agreement. You will elect your representatives to the constitution making body. You may not know how to use it This would be your fault. But I am sure, democracy is in our blood, It is in our marrow. Only centuries of adverse circumstances have made the circulation of that blood cold. It has got frozen and your arteries are not fimctioning. But thank God, the blood arculating again. Thanks to the Muslim League’s effort. It will be a people’s Government.”

For the Quaid, democracy and Supremacy of people’s will was the paramount political philosophy. It was through democratic process that Quaid-i-Azam guided the Pakistan movement and rallied 90 million Muslims of the sub-continent round the motto of “Unity, Faith and Discipline.” It was the democratic and dynamic leadership of the Quaid, that a large number of Muslims were united under one banner and at his beck and call. At a public meeting on March 21, 1948, the Quaid said:

“The Government can only have for its aim one objective-how to serve people, how to devise ways and means of their welfare, for their betterment What other object can the Government have and remember now, it is in your hands to put the Government in power. But you should not do it by mob methods. You have the power. You must learn the art to use it. Constitutionally it is in your hands to upset our Government and put other Government in power if you are dissatisfied to such an extent. 

Quaid-e-Azam was a great exponent of social justice. In this speech at Delhi, about capitalism and vicious designs of landlords who flourished at the expense of the common man, he said:
“Here I should like to give a warning to land lords and capitalists who flourished at our expense by a system which is so wicked, which is so vicious and which makes them selfish,, that it is ‘difficult to reason with them. The exploitation of masses have gone into their blood. They have forgotten the lesson of Islam. Greed and selfishness have overpowered ‘them. A lot of mischief is created. Is going to bit an Islamic State? Is it not a cause of begging a question? Is it not a case of passing vote of censure on yourself? The constitution of the government will be what the people will decide.”

Quaid was all for welfare of the masses. In his address to the Constituent Assembly at Karachi on August 11, 1947 he said:

“Now I want to make this State of Pakistan happy and prosperous and we should wholly and solely concentrate on the well-being of the people and specially of the masses and the poor.”

After the establishment of Pakistan, the Quaid refused to continue as the President of the Muslim League because as, the head of State he could not function as the head of a political party. Combining the two offices in one person, he considered it was violation of the democratic principles.

The Quaid was a great champion of the freedom of the press and advocate of civil liberties. He always played the game of politics according to the established rules of democracy. He was indeed democracy personified.

Quaid could give to his countrymen a constitution on his own which would have been accepted without any hesitation but he left it to the elected representatives of the people of Pakistan to frame their own constitution. It was Quaid-i-Azam’s democratic temperament which did not like to dictate the Constitution he would have liked.

In a broadcast talk to the people of the United States of America in February, 1948, the Quaid said: “The constitution of Pakistan has yet to be Framed by the Pakistan’s constituent Assembly. I do not know what the ultimate shape of the constitution is going to be, but I am sure it win be a democratic constitution embodying the essential principle of Islam, as Islam and its idealism has taught us democracy.” In February, 1948, at the Sibbi Darbar, Quaid-i-Azam reiterated his belief that our salvation lies in following the golden conduct set before us by our great law giver the Holy Prophet of Islam (SAW). Let us lay the foundation of our democracy on the basis of Islamic ideals and principles. The breakup of East Pakistan in 1971 was the result of deviating from the democratic path. The absence of democracy had led to widespread sense of alienation among the very people who had struggled so hard for the creation of Pakistan.

Political instability started right after the early death of the Quaid. May be if he had survived for a few more years, Pakistan would be more politically strong and stable in the democratic form of government.

A befitting tribute has been paid to the Quaid by Mr. Lansrence Zining , Professor of Political science in Western Michigan University (NSA) in his article, “Quaid the indormittable democrat”, he said, “ Jinnah had to overcome the British. He had to overcome Hindu dominated Congress Party. The burden of leadership hung very heavy on that thin and tall frame. He was very successful in his contest with the British. He was most successful in his contest with the Hindus, the only man to defeat Gandhi.” Now that democracy has returned let us pledge not to derail it again.

‘Lord Mountbatten: I tried every trick I could play... to shake Jinnah's resolve….Nothing would…move him from his consuming determination to realise the dream of Pakistan...

The government and people of Pakistan, at home and abroad, observe the Kashmir Solidarity Day on 5th February every year to renew the pledge to continue the unflinching support to the Kashmiri people who are carrying on a just struggle to achieve their inalienable right to self-determination. The observance of the day since 1991 is aimed at conveying a loud and clear message to India that the Kashmiris are not alone in their struggle and sooner or later, it will have to give them their right to decide their political future by themselves as guaranteed by the relevant UN resolutions. It is also a reminder to the world community to fulfill its obligations towards resolving the long-pending Kashmir dispute in accordance with the aspirations of the people of Jammu and Kashmir.

 

Pakistanis on this day hold seminars, conferences and demonstrations to highlight different dimensions of the Kashmir dispute and the gross human rights violations being perpetrated by Indian troops in the occupied Kashmir. It is a historical fact that India had forcibly occupied Jammu and Kashmir by landing its troops in Srinagar on 27th October, 1947, against the will of the Kashmiri people and in total disregard to the Partition Plan of the Indian Subcontinent.

 

Since 1989, when the people of Kashmir intensified their liberation struggle, the unabated Indian state terrorism has so far resulted in the killing of nearly one hundred thousand innocent Kashmiris and disappearance of thousands in custody. During the mass uprising in the Indian-occupied Kashmir from 2008 to 2010, millions of people took to the streets in Srinagar and other towns with the demand of their right to self-determination. However, instead of respecting the sentiments of the people, Indian troops and police personnel responded with the use of brute force, killing and maiming thousands of people during the period. In the meantime, many international human rights bodies and the European Parliament expressed concern over the discovery of unidentified mass graves in the territory strongly apprehending that the graves contained the dead bodies of those who were killed in custody and fake encounters by Indian troops.

 

Conversely, Pakistan has been consistent in giving all out support to the just cause of Kashmiri people and has acted as a strong advocate of the Kashmir cause at the international fora. The Pakistanis have a number of legitimate and genuine reasons to express solidarity with their Kashmiri brethren as both share strong bonds in respect of religion, geography, culture, aspirations and economy. The founder of Pakistan, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, had termed Kashmir the jugular vein of Pakistan. His commitment to the interests of the Kashmiris had driven him to visit Jammu and Kashmir three times before 1947 (in 1926, 1936 and 1944) during which he held extensive talks with the Kashmiri leadership.

 

The incumbent Prime Minister of Pakistan Muhammad Nawaz Sharif right from assuming office in June 2013 has been calling for settling the dispute in accordance with the relevant resolutions of the United Nations Security Council. At the same time, the attachment of Kashmiri people with Pakistan has also been remarkable. The attachment of the people of Kashmir with Pakistan can also be gauged well from the fact that the occupied Valley has been reverberating, from time to time, with pro-Pakistan slogans. Pakistani flags are hoisted in Indian occupied Kashmir on the national days of the country, whereas such days of India are observed as black days.

 

The people of Pakistan and Jammu and Kashmir are unanimous in deploring the fact that the response of international community to the just struggle of the Kashmiri people has been disappointing. It has failed to hold New Delhi accountable for the genocide of Kashmiris and impress upon India to provide the people of Jammu and Kashmir their inalienable right to self-determination. The world needs to take cognizance of the fact that Kashmir has become a nuclear flashpoint as it involves two nuclear-armed neighbours — Pakistan and India. The fact is that due to India’s unrealistic and intransigent attitude, the peace of the entire South Asia is at stake.

 

The observance of Kashmir Solidarity Day on 5th February becomes significant in view of the above hard realities of history. Let all the peace and justice-loving nations of the world come together in expressing practical solidarity with the oppressed people of Indian occupied Kashmir.

Any one who have this subject can pick these topics for their assignments.Please edit these stories and make in your on words with keeping the view of  W5 in their mind.

Must include Dates, Names, Places,and why are these took place. To cover W5 

Quaid.e.azam:

Immense people celebrate birthdays or observe death anniversaries of the Fathers of   their nations not merely by pompous display of festivities but by strictly following the precepts and guidelines left by their founding fathers in letter and spirit.

Who is the creator of the Pakistan?

Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah whose word was law for his followers. But he never acted like a dictator. He derived his power from the people to whom he always considered himself accountable. At a time he was offered life presidents hip of the All India Muslim League. He refused by saying that he would like to come before the Muslim League Council every year and get himself elected its president on the strength of his performance.

What was the main object to leave the India?

Jinnah had a firm faith in the autonomous system of administration and all through his life he continued to adhere scrupulously to the democratic norms. Muslim League activist had assembled at a Muslim League General Council meeting under his president ship. 

It was through the democratic process that he was able to organize the Muslim freedom movement. This was one of the biggest mass actions in the history of All India Muslim League. 

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