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Please read the following instruction carefully before preparing the assignment
solution:
· Be very specific and focused on the issue while answering a question.
· Your answer should not exceed 300 words.
ASSIGNMENT:
Learning objective:
· To create understanding about pre-service and in-service training of civil
servants in Pakistan and enhance the analytical skills of students
Assignment Question:
The training of civil servants has always been considered of great importance
for efficient administration. The core purpose of training is imparting the basic
knowledge of administration and management and reinforcing democratic
values in civil servants of Pakistan. These trainings motivate the civil servants
for strengthening democratic institutions. Being a student of public
administration you are required to critically evaluate pre-service and in-service
training of civil servants in Pakistan and provide recommendations for making
these training programs more effective.

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Please Discuss here about this assignment.Thanks

Our main purpose here discussion not just Solution

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1. Enhance civil service performance and revive a spirit of public service by:
a) increasing salaries and pensions, particularly for those at the bottom of the hierarchy, providing better housing, transport and health insurance for all government employees, and subsidized schooling for their children;
b) Conducting regular training, including refresher courses, at all levels of the bureaucracy;
c) Improving standards of instruction at training institutions to inculcate professional skills as well as norms and practices that reward integrity and professional commitment;
d) Providing competitive compensation and benefits to attract qualified and motivated instructors;
e) Linking an officer’s performance during training programs with promotions, thus no longer using successful completion as the only yardstick;
f) Establishing and strictly abiding by new criteria for secretariat appointments to include professional expertise, diversity of experience, demonstrable leadership in public institutions, and ability to tackle challenging assignments;
g) Modifying Annual Confidential Reports (ACRs) to include tangible, performance-oriented criteria instead of subjective evaluations of officers’ characters;
h) instituting a transparent and competitive selection process to encourage representation of all occupational groups, and reserving positions in each basic pay scale for officers from each of those groups; and
i) Ensuring that specialists have the same access to training facilities as generalist officers in occupational groups.
2. Eliminate military interference by:
a) ending the practice of hiring serving or retired military officers in the civil service and abolishing the annual 10 per cent quota reserved for military officers;
b) Refraining from renewing contracts of retired military officers presently occupying civil service positions;
c) enacting laws barring serving or retired military personnel from heading any institution dealing with civil service training, recruitment or promotions; and
d) Immediately ending the practice of having senior appointments subject to evaluation and clearance by the military’s intelligence agencies.
3. Enhance the functioning of federal and provincial secretariats by:
a) Reducing excessive centralization of functions and devolving administrative and financial authority to lower tiers, with effective oversight;
b) Revising and simplifying existing rules and procedures to ensure that civil servants are informed of their rights and responsibilities;
c) Ending the systemic bias in favor of generalists by allowing the same opportunities for postings, promotions and career advancement to specialists; and
d) Reversing the quota for District Management Group (federal) appointees to provincial posts at the level of Basic Pay Scale (BPS) 21 so that 75 per cent of these posts are reserved for provincial civil servants, and the remainder for federal appointees.
4. Institute effective accountability over the civil bureaucracy by:
a) implementing the recommendations of the Charter of Democracy, signed between the PPP and PML-N, to set up an independent accountability commission, answerable to the National Assembly’s Public Accounts Committee (PAC); this committee would investigate – in tandem with the Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) – alleged malpractice and financial and other corruption by government officials and take disciplinary actions against those found guilty;
b) Empowering federal and provincial ombudsmen to redress public grievances against bureaucratic malpractice; and
c) Holding federal and provincial secretaries accountable to parliament and provincial assemblies by mandating national and provincial parliamentary committees to hold regular hearings requiring these civil servants to account for efficient use of resources as well as the organisation, management and staffing of their respective departments

5. Promote fairness and eliminate opportunities for political manipulation at all levels of the civil administration by:
a) Expanding the role of the Federal Public Service Commission (FPSC) from a recruiting agency to one that professionally oversees all aspects of the bureaucracy’s functioning;
b) Mandating parliamentary committees to vet and approve senior civil service appointments, proposed by the FPSC, to ensure that they are made on merit rather than personal or political affiliation, followed by a vote in parliament;
c) Withdrawing the discretionary power of the prime minister to promote officers to the highest grade in the bureaucracy and transferring it to the FPSC;
d) Guaranteeing security of tenure and providing civil servants legal protection against postings, transfers and promotions that do not conform to due process;
e) Empowering the Federal Services Tribunal to monitor postings and transfers, and review civil servants’ complaints about arbitrary transfers; and
f) Replicating these measures in the provinces.
6. Settle the status of the report by the National Commission on Government Reforms (NCGR) by:
a) constituting a bipartisan parliamentary committee on civil service reform, with half the members nominated by the government and half by the opposition, co-chaired by the prime minister and the leader of the opposition, to assess the report, placing recommendations before the national and provincial assemblies for detailed debate and review;
b) Once approved, present a final bill on the floor of the National Assembly for a vote; and
c) Encourage the provincial assemblies to follow suit on reform of the provincial services.
7. Improve land administration and local governance by:
a) Computerizing land records;
b) Making certificates of possession and other land ownership-related documents available at information kiosks in tehsils (towns) for a small fixed fee;
c) establishing call centers in districts to report requests for bribes, illegal commissions and other abuses, including by the patwari (village revenue officer); and
d) Devolving authority to tehsil officials to issue certificates of domicile and related documents, rather than through district headquarters.
8. Modernize civil service systems and processes and enhance inter-agency coordination through e-gov¬ern¬ance technology by:

a) Making compliance with standards set by the E-Government Directorate (EGD) mandatory for major federal government projects;
b) Instituting compulsory training in basic information technology processes for all government employees in BPS-5 and above; and
c) Giving the EGD greater financial and organizational autonomy by converting it from a cell to an attached department of the ministry of information technology.
9. Improve police functioning by having the parliament review the Police Order (2002); setting up a parliamentary subcommittee to deal exclusively with policing; and empowering accountability and managerial bodies such as the public safety commissions and the National Police Management Board.
10. Mainstream FATA’s bureaucracy by abolishing the FATA secretariat and the office of the political agent, and transferring their authority to the NWFP secretariat, relevant provincial line ministries and district departments.
To the U.S. and the International Community:
11. Condition FATA aid under the U.S. Enduring Assistance and Cooperation Act 2009 on reform of the region’s corrupt and dysfunctional bureaucracy, including the abolition of the FATA secretariat and the office of the political agent, with their powers transferred to the NWFP secretariat, relevant provincial line ministries and district departments.
12. Include technocrats, as well as cadre civil servants, in all public sector capacity building projects, in addition to training schemes at leading international universities and institutes.
13. Build the capacity of civil service training institutions by providing instructors and teaching materials on best international practices of public policy, fiscal policy, financial management, infrastructure development, human resource management, energy and agriculture.
14. Provide technical support for the expansion of E-government technologies, particularly in areas such as land revenue administration, taxation and policing, and leverage aid to press line ministries, departments and agencies to incorporate E-governance processes within their domains.

AOA. Thanks for sharing the key reforms.

The assignment says critically evaluate pre and in-service training of CS in Pak and recommendations for making these training programs more effective.

How should we evaluate the pre existing training programs? Personally I have no idea what type of trainings these are.

Thanks,

Thanks,

copied solution from another location. they are more pertaining to re-structuring rather than improving pre and in service training module/ enhancement.

By Nazish 

(MGT111)

ASSIGNMENT # 01

Assignment Question:

The training of civil servants has always been considered of great importance

for efficient administration. The core purpose of training is imparting the basic

knowledge of administration and management and reinforcing democratic

values in civil servants of Pakistan. These trainings motivate the civil servants

for strengthening democratic institutions. Being a student of public

administration you are required to critically evaluate pre-service and in-service

training of civil servants in Pakistan and provide recommendations for making

these training programs more effective.

Answer: Recognizing the requirement of capacity building of Civil Servants, government has recently established the National School of Public Policy (NSPP) to focus on management training at middle and senior level positions and links have been established between performance at training courses and promotions. NCGR proposes further measures to address the training needs of public sector employees in a holistic manner:

(a) strengthen the institutional infrastructure, delivery, incentives and standards of training outside the scope of NSPP;

(b) expand in service training opportunities for the majority of officers working outside the cadre services and

(c) upgrade the quality of training institutions in the Provincial Governments particularly for capacity building at the local government level.

Pre Service Training

Common Training Program

(CTP) for CSS Probationers

The Civil Service Academy, Lahore provides pre-service training to Grade 17 officer appointed as probationers to the Central Superior Services.

 

Specialized training Program (STP)

The CSA also holds a 20 weeks specialized training program for DMG probationers. In addition, there are 10 other specialized training institutions providing training to the probationers selected for other central superior services.

In-Service Training

is being offered for new entrants and in service officers through the following institutions:

Secretariat Training Institute (STI):

In service Training for direct recruits and promoted officers

Pakistan Provincial Services Academy (PPSA):

Training for provincial service officers of the four provinces and for officers and staff of federal autonomous bodies.

Punjab & Sindh have now also made their own arrangements.

National Institute of Public Administration (NIPAs):

Two Advanced Management courses annually for federal and provincial government servants BS 18-19.

Successful completion required for promotion.        

Pakistan Academy for Rural Development (PARD), Peshawar:

In service 8 weeks training on selected issues for federal and provincial government officers.

National Defence College (NDC):

Also provides training to selected Civil Servants.

Pakistan Administrative Staff College (PASC):

Arranges two courses annually for senior officers from all groups and services.

 

Training Abroad

Presently participation in foreign training courses funded by foreign governments/agencies or by GoP has no linkage with an officer’s career advancement or progression.

The Federal Public Service Commission recruits 700 specialists or technical persons or more annually against non-cadre positions in BS-17 and above in different ministries of the Government in contrast to 150 officers in the generalist cadre services and cadres. No standardized training is being imparted to these officers.

 The Board of Governor of NSPP has recently decided the introduction of Common Training Program (CTP) for ex-cadre officers after their initial recruitment by the FPSC. More than 60% officers of the Federal Government belonging to ex-cadre positions do not undergo any training in their career. This seriously impairs the capacity of the Government in designing and implementing projects and programmes requiring specialist inputs.

 

The Provincial Governments have not accorded priority or resources for the continuous training of their officers – both generalists as well as specialists. The demands arising out of the devolution to local tiers of government have brought to our attention the lack of capacity among the officers at District and Tehsil levels.

 

 

Current problems

Training capacity is low

Military influence

benefits for trainers are not adequate

There is no uniformity in trainings among different civil service training institutes

Promotion of an officer is completion based not performance based

assignment yahan se dekh k sara likhnay se banda pakra to nae jata  ? ;)

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