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FALL 2012
ASSIGNMENT: The structure of government traditionally is comprised of the political leadership followed by the
bureaucracy or the civil machinery. With the passage of time the political leadership felt that they are under pressure
of being the preventatives of the masses and found difficult to take measures or the decisions that may harm their
good will among the masses. This structure was also criticized for being under the clutches or branded by the laziness
of the bureaucracy. Therefore, a new structure evolved that is free from both the political as well as bureaucratic
influences. The new structure is known as Regulatory bodies. These bodies are entrusted with the function to regulate
the policies for the major institutions concerning the government and the masses. These include the regulation of rules
or the prices of various commodities such as petroleum, electricity, communications including both print and electronic
media etc.
Question: Mention at least three such regulatory bodies working in Pakistan at the moment and explain the role within
their respective domain.
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Replies to This Discussion

Please Discuss here about this assignment.Thanks

Our main purpose here discussion not just Solution

Regulatory bodies and regulatory Authorities, if both are same then we can list down OGRA, NADRA, PEMRA etc in the answer.

S0Ln share kar0 koiiiiii..............

solution :O


  • OGRA



  • ye 3 regulatory bodies working in Pakistan

ap in 3 ko detail me day skty ho

  • OGRA

  • Oil and Gas

  • Regularity autorty

  • Safeguard public interest through efficient and effective regulation in the midstream and downstream petroleum sector

"and explain the role within their respective domain" That is such bullshit english. I swear if our university's so called professors starts correcting their english the assignments wont be as hard to understand as they are now.


Assignment of MGT 111
Solved BY HADI


Oil and Gas Regulatory Authority (OGRA) has been set up under the Oil and Gas Regulatory Authority Ordinance dated 28th March 2002 to foster competition, increase private investment and ownership in the midstream and downstream petroleum industry, protect the public interest while respecting individual rights and provide effective and efficient regulations. As laid down in the Ordinance, the Authority comprises one Chairman and three members. To create a working environment where the interests of all stakeholders namely the Consumer, Investor & the Government is protected through Independent & Fair Regulatory practices. 
Consequent upon the establishment of OGRA on 28th March, 2002 the Natural Gas Regulatory Authority (NGRA) was subsumed by the OGRA. All properties and works done by the NGRA were transferred to and protected under the OGRA Ordinance. OGRA was, therefore, in a position to start its functions in respect to natural gas immediately upon its establishment. 

The Federal Government has now w.e.f. March 15, 2003 assigned functions for the regulation of activities relating to LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas) and CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) sectors in the country to the Oil and Gas Regulatory Authority and has designated the OGRA as an Authority in place of the Director General (Gas) of the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources. Any Corporation or person interested in getting licence for the LPG and CNG activities may apply to the OGRA on the prescribed format available on the Website. For this purpose, the OGRA has also set up a one-window facility, which will work from 9 a.m. to 12 noon on all working days to provide any assistance and information in this regard to the interested parties, general public and the existing LPG and CNG licensees.

Improve the standards of information, education and entertainment ;Enlarge the choice available to the people of Pakistan in the media for news, current affairs, religious knowledge, art, culture, science, technology, economic development, social sector concerns, music, sports, drama and other subjects of public and national interest ;Facilitate the devolution of responsibility and power to the grass roots by improving the access of the people to mass media at the local and community level ;Ensure accountability, transparency and good governance by optimization the free flow of information.

Meetings of the Authority, etc.- (1) The Authority shall hold not less than four meetings in a calender year and may meet as often as it deems fit in order to dispose of its functions as provided for in the Ordinance. 

The agenda and notice of the time, date and place of the meeting shall be circulated among the members at least one-week prior to the date of the meeting:

Categories of licences.- (1) The Authority shall, as it may deem fit, issue licences for broadcast media and distribution service in the categories or sub-categories as provided for in section 18 of the Ordinance. 

(2) The Authority may also grant permission to a distribution service licensee for running of in-house distribution channel subject to such terms and conditions and payment of fee and other charges as the Authority may prescribe: 

Provided that only Pakistani content shall be distributed on such channel. 

(3) International scale broadcast shall also include satellite television. 

5. Duration and renewal of licences.- (1) The licence shall be granted for a period of five, ten or fifteen years subject to payment of fee as set out in Schedule-B. 

(2) The licence shall be valid for the term for which it is granted subject to the payment of annual fee or any other charges as set out in the Schedule-B. 

(3) The fee relating to the grant of a licence, renewal thereof, late payment surcharge and fine, if any, shall be deposited in the account of the Authority. 

6. Application for grant of licence to operate broadcast media or distribution service.- (1) Any person desirous of obtaining a licence in any category or sub-category of broadcast media or distribution service, shall apply to the Authority on the application form. 

(2) Every application form shall be accompanied by a non-refundable application processing fee as set out in the Schedule-B for respective categories or sub-categories, and such documents as the Authority may specify. The Authority may however require an applicant to file such additional documents as it may deem fit. 

(3) The Authority may, where applicable, forward the application to the Frequency Allocation Board (FAB) through Pakistan Telecommunication Authority for frequency allocation. 


8. Fees and security deposits.- (1) Each successful applicant shall, within time prescribed by the Authority and before the issue of the licence, deposit the applicable licence fee and make a security deposit, if applicable, as set out in the Schedule-B. The security deposit shall be refundable after the expiry of one year of operation of the station to the satisfaction of the Authority. 

(2) Every licensee shall follow the specified time line relating to the payment of any dues of the Authority. 

9. Grant of licence.- (1) The Authority shall, if it is satisfied that the applicant fulfils the criteria as provided for in the Ordinance, these rules and regulations made thereunder and has paid the prescribed fee and other charges, if any, grant licence to the applicant. 

(2) Every licensee shall follow the general terms and conditions as set out in Schedule-C. 

(3) The Authority shall, except where the application for grant of licence relates to Islamabad Capital Territory, invite the comments of the Provincial Governments concerned, as provided for in section 21 of the Ordinance. 

(3) The licensee shall, not later than thirty days prior to the enforcement of the revised rates, notify to its subscribers any change in the subscription fee as approved by the Authority. 

11. Decoder fee.- A licensee may charge such fixed fee not exceeding the limit prescribed by the Authority from time to time for decoders and set-top boxes provided to the subscribers. 

12. Renewal of licence on expiry of the licence term.-(1) A licensee may, at least six months prior to the expiry of the licence, apply to the Authority for renewal of its licence and the Authority may renew the licence subject to- 

(2) A licensee having direct or indirect interest in any other media enterprise shall ensure -

  1. appointment of separate editorial boards and monitoring facilities for each medium under its control;
  2. establishment of separate management structures for each medium under its control; and
  3. Maintenance of separate accounting record for each medium under its control.


The National Electric Power Regulatory Authority (NEPRA) has approved increase in the rates of electricity for the month of July. According to media reports, the approval for a rise of 0.85 paisa’s per unit of electricity has been made on account of fuel adjustment charges. Much to the frustration of the common man, the decision has come just after a massive hike in price of POL products. The increase in electricity charges will be implemented with effect from March next year. 
However, consumers of the Karachi Electric Supply Company (KESC) and those consuming less than 50 units will be exempted from the abovementioned rise in the price of electricity. The electricity shortfall in the country has again jumped to 5,200MW due to the government’s failure to pay dues to oil marketing companies. According to the sources, power plants have been supplied with 24,000 tones of furnace oil instead of 39,000 tones. 
The country is producing 12,340MW of electricity against a demand of 17,200MW. Load shedding hours in urban areas have increased to 14-16 hours, while rural areas suffer 16-18 hours of outages.


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