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MGT111 Introduction to Public Administration GDB Spring 2020 Solution & Discussion Last Date: 08-06-2020

Total Marks 10
Starting Date Wednesday, June 03, 2020
Closing Date Monday, June 08, 2020
Status Open
Question Title GDB
Question Description

Graded Discussion Board

Introduction to Public administration (MGT111)

Question

Why do managers need different types of power and how these can be helpful for managers in different situations while working in the organizations?

Note:

For acquiring the relevant knowledge, do not rely only on handouts but also watch the course video lectures and read additional material available online or in any other mode.

Important Instructions:


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As per my opinion:

The Manager has the power and authority to take such actions on its own behalf or on behalf of the Company as it from time to time considers necessary or appropriate to enable it to perform its obligations under this Agreement, subject to customary oversight and supervision of the Company, its Board of Directors and its executive officers

Liaison—contact outsiders who provide the manager with information. These may be individuals or groups inside or outside the organization

Spokesperson—represent the organization to outsiders

Entrepreneur—managers initiate and oversee new projects that will improve their organization’s performance

Disturbance handlers—take corrective action in response to unforeseen problems

Resource allocators—responsible for allocating human, physical, and monetary resources

Negotiator role—discuss issues and bargain with other units to gain advantages for their own unit

Question
Which of the broader categories of motivation theories including the content theories, the process theories and the contemporary theories of motivation is more effective and why?
Note:
For acquiring the relevant knowledge, do not rely only on handouts but also watch the course video lectures and read additional material available online or in any other mode.
Answer
In a historical perspective, the content theories tend to be the earliest theories of motivation or later modifications of early theories. Within the work environment they have had the greatest impact on management practice and policy, whilst within academic circles they are the least accepted. Content theories are also called needs theories, because they are generally associated with a view that concentrates on the importance of determining 'what' motivates us. In other words they try to identify what our 'needs' are and relate motivation to the fulfilling of these needs.
The psychological and behavioral processes that motivate a person to act in a particular way are referred to as process theories of motivation. In essence, these theories examine how a person's needs will affect his behavior in order to achieve a goal related to those needs. Three variables within the Expectancy Theory can affect Process Theory and worker motivation -- valence, instrumentality and expectancy. Valence focuses on the outcome or reward an employee anticipates.
Content theory of human motivation includes both Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs and Herzberg's two-factor theory. Maslow's theory is one of the most widely discussed theories of motivation. Abraham Maslow believed that man is inherently good and argued that individuals possess a constantly growing inner drive that has great potential. The needs hierarchy system, devised by Maslow (1954), is a commonly used scheme for classifying human motives

MGT111 Introduction to Public Administration GDB Solution & Discussion Spring 2020


MGT111 GDB Solution Idea:

 

Question

Which of the broader categories of motivation theories including the content theories, the process theories and the contemporary theories of motivation is more effective and why?

Note:

For acquiring the relevant knowledge, do not rely only on handouts but also watch the course video lectures and read additional material available online or in any other mode.

 

 

Answer

In a historical perspective, the content theories tend to be the earliest theories of motivation or later modifications of early theories. Within the work environment they have had the greatest impact on management practice and policy, whilst within academic circles they are the least accepted. Content theories are also called needs theories, because they are generally associated with a view that concentrates on the importance of determining 'what' motivates us. In other words they try to identify what our 'needs' are and relate motivation to the fulfilling of these needs.

The psychological and behavioral processes that motivate a person to act in a particular way are referred to as process theories of motivation. In essence, these theories examine how a person's needs will affect his behavior in order to achieve a goal related to those needs. Three variables within the Expectancy Theory can affect Process Theory and worker motivation -- valence, instrumentality and expectancy. Valence focuses on the outcome or reward an employee anticipates.

Content theory of human motivation includes both Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs and Herzberg's two-factor theory. Maslow's theory is one of the most widely discussed theories of motivation. Abraham Maslow believed that man is inherently good and argued that individuals possess a constantly growing inner drive that has great potential. The needs hierarchy system, devised by Maslow (1954), is a commonly used scheme for classifying human motives

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