Mgt402 GDB no.1 Solution and Discussion Closing Date 21,November,2014.
Graded Discussion Board
Cost and Management accounting (mgt402)
This is to inform that Graded Discussion Board (GDB) No. 01 will be opened on November 18, 2014 for discussion and last date for posting your discussion will beNovember 21, 2014.
Topic/Area for Discussion
“Inventory Valuation Method”
This Graded Discussion Board will cover Audio/Video lessons #7 and #8.
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Graded Discussion Board
MGT402 (Fall 204)
After going through this GDB, the students are expected to learn the mechanism which is important in valuing the unsold year-end inventory is the primary source of complexity in figuring out the cost of goods sold.
After going through this activity, the students would be able to understand that choice of selecting inventory valuations methods in assigning cost is not relatively minor issue. However, the choice of inventory valuation methods can dramatically affect the reported cost of goods sold, gross profit, and net income.
A Forensic lab buys and sells a substance for fume hoods which are primarily designed to improve safety and hygiene in light bioengineering settings Assume that Lab can sell an ounce of substance for Rs.500 that costs it Rs.250.Lab manager bought 150 and 100 sold precisely ounces of substance during the year.
In the factual world, the per ounce cost is likely to fluctuate. Like many businesses, the Lab may offer more than one type of product with changing prices. In order to accurately compute the cost of goods sold, the manager of the lab should be able to get an accurate count of unsold inventory on hand and he also has to assign the “correct” costs to these products.
We may have an idea of using different valuation methods in which costing of ending inventory is a relatively minor issue. However, the choice of inventory flow assumption can dramatically affect the reported cost of goods sold, gross profit, and net income.
Lab received four shipments during the year as follows: 40 ounces costing Rs.152.5; 30 ounces costing Rs.180; 40 ounces costing Rs.300; and 40 ounces costing Rs.350.Different valuation methods will yield different ending inventory figures.
You are required to apply all three (LIFO, FIFO and weighted average) valuation methods to arrive at closing inventory. Further it is expected to calculate Gross profit though all three valuation methods to observe how much variation exists in gross profit percentage to see which valuation method is useful for Lab.
Note: Provide necessary computations and assumptions to support your solution.
In every Inventory Valuation Method, we calculate the cost per unit by our own, in the procedure. But they gave Rs. 250 of cost per unit. So, what would we do? Either use Rs. 250 for issuing 100 ounce substances or use our calculated cost per unit?
Adil Bhai, Cost per unit is given Rs 250. So no need to calculate at our own. Other wist the calculations are very simple and straight forward. Best of luck
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Cost of closing inventories
As per FIFO Rs. 17,000
As per LIFO Rs. 7,900
As per W.Avg Rs. 12,500
Total Rs. 17,000.00
Total Rs. 7,900.00
W.Avg =37,500 / 150
= Rs. 250
Total 50 @ 250.00 = Rs. 12,500.00
Bhai how we can write in
Shipment-2 10 ounces
Shipment-3 10 ounces
according to question these are
Shipment-1 40 ounces
Shipment-2 30 ounces
Shipment-3 40 ounces
Shipment-4 40 ounces
Please tell me about this difference
Abdullah Bhai, i advise u to read the relevant lessons on LIFO, FIFO and W.Avg valuation methods. Any how, i will try to explain a bit.
As per FIFO
All the 70 ounces of shipment 1 & 2 are sold. 30 ounces of shipment -3 are sold and 10 are unsold. So to calculate the value of closing inventory according to FIFO, 10 ounces of shipment-3 are left and 40 ounces of shipment -4 are left.
As per LIFO
All the 80 ounces of shipment 4 & 3 are sold. 20 ounces of shipment -2 are sold and 10 are unsold. So to calculate the value of closing inventory according to LIFO, 10 ounces of shipment-2 are left and 40 ounces of shipment -1 are left.