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my today paer of mgt 201 arbaz qadeer
Q1:what is the financial lease
Please find attached Final term paper for Money & Banking MGT411. Please solve the answers yourself and polish your skills. This document is for information and guidance only.
2day's Paper....By....Fariha Maqbool
Q#1 a )what does the slope of average demand curve show?
a demand curve that is usually downward sloping. The downward slope reflects the relationship between price and quantity demanded: as price decreases, quantity demanded increases. In principle, each consumer has a demand curve for any product that he or she would consider buying, and the onsumer's demand curve is equal to the marginal utility (benefit) curve. When the demand curves of all consumers are added up, the result is the market demand curve for that product. If there are no externalities, the market demand curve is also equal to the social utility (benefit) curve.
b)In which situation aggregate demand curve will be flat and steep.
Flat if current output is very sensitive to inflation (a change in current inflation causes a large movement in current output)
Steep if current output is not very sensitive to inflation
Q#2 how does the deposit expansion take place in system of banks
Deposit Expansion in a System of Banks
The loan that the First bank made was spent and as the checks cleared, reserves were transferred to Other banks
The banks that receive the reserves will seek to lend their excess reserves, and the process Continues until all of the funds have ended up in required reserves
Q#3what do u understands by liquidity?
Liquidity is a measure of the ease an asset can be turned into a means of payment, namely money An asset is liquid if it can be easily converted into money and illiquid if it is costly to convert.
Cash is perfectly liquid.
Stocks and bonds are somewhat less liquid.
Land is least liquid
Q#4 characteristics of financial instruments?
Characteristics of Financial Instruments
Standardized agreements are used in order to overcome the potential costs of complexity Because of standardization, most of the financial instruments that we encounter on a day-to-day basis are very homogeneous
Summarize certain essential information about the issuer
Designed to handle the problem of “asymmetric information”,
Borrowers have some information that they don’t disclose to lenders
Q#5 monetary policy of reaction curve how it location can be determine
The relationship between current inflation and the real interest rate set by monetary policy makers
What determines its location?
Drawn so that, when current inflation equals target inflation, policymakers will set the real interest rate equal to the long run real interest rate
Q#6 what is discount how is it control and what is impact on economy Discount rate Interest rate charged by the central bank on loans to commercial banks
how is it control
Set as a premium over the target federal funds rate
Provides short-term liquidity to bank in times of crisis and aids in controlling the federal funds rate
Q#7 central bank maintain financial system stability discuss
Financial System Stability
The Central Bank regulates and supervises banks and other financial institutions and payments systems to promote the financial system stability Financial system stability is an integral part of every modern central banker’s job. The possibility of a severe disruption in the financial markets is a type of systematic risk that central banks must control. The Central Bank regulates and supervises banks and other financial institutions and payments systems to promote the financial system stability
F i n a n c i a l s y s t em s t a b i l i t y i s
evidenced by and reflected through
(i) an effective regulatory infrastructure,
(ii) effective and well developed financial
(iii) effective and sound financial institutions
Today’s mgt411 subjective paper by Fatima
Why the aggregate demand curve slopes down?3
"Monetary policy can be used to stabilize economy".Discuss.3
Discuss velocity both in long and short run.3
What is the source of Trading risk, Credit risk and Liquidity risk?3
What will be the effect of following factors on bond demand curve?5
1- Expected inflation
2- Expected return on stocks and other assets
3- Risk relative to alternatives
In what ways monetary and fiscal policy differs? Discuss.5
How does a shift in aggregate demand and aggregate supply impact on output and