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Circumstances that leave a person uncertain but not altogether unsure about what he or she is doing is a feature of 
(a)Excusing Conditions
(b)Moral reasoning 
(c)Mitigating factors
(d)Ignorance

What type of resource depletion is marked by increasing rates of usage and sudden, complete depletion within a short period of time?
(a) Depletion of fossil fuels 
(b)Exponential Depletion
(c)Peaked depletion 
(d)Species depletion

Which of the following is not considered as part of the three stages of moral development proposed by Carol Gilligan?
(a)Social Contract Orientation
(b)Principled morality
(c)conventional morality
(d)progressing from selfish

 She outlines three stages of moral development progressing from selfish, to social or conventional morality, and finally to post conventional or principled morality. Women must learn to tend to their own interests and to the interests of others. She thinks that women hesitate to judge because they see the complexities of relationships.

Which of the following is the type of moral standards?
Utilitarianism
Rights 
Justice
All of the above

The point of this example is to show how a real moral debate in business works. The arguments on both sides appealed to moral considerations and four basic types of moral standards:
utilitarianism, rights, justice, and caring.

Question # 1 of 15 ( Start time: 08:56:08 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which markets embody sense of justice?

Select correct option:

 

Mixed markets

Liberal markets

Free markets

None of the above

 

 

 

 

Question # 2 of 15 ( Start time: 08:56:53 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which of the following choices does NOT describe a situation that is covered by the concept of rights?

Select correct option:

 

The absence of prohibitions against an activity

The authorization to do something to secure one's interests

The necessity of doing something required by authority

The existence of prohibitions on others to enable individuals to pursue an activity

 

 

 

Question # 3 of 15 ( Start time: 08:58:22 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which theory claims that people would be lazy without private property?

Select correct option:

 

Capitalism

Socialism

Utilitarianism

None of the above

 

Question # 4 of 15 ( Start time: 08:59:27 PM ) Total Marks: 1

The most influential economic institutions are designed to achieve?

Select correct option:

Production of the goods

Distribution of the goods

Both a & b

None of the above

 

 

 

 

 

Question # 5 of 15 ( Start time: 09:00:22 PM ) Total Marks: 1

According to Aristotle’s view, how do we learn virtue?

Select correct option:

 

By habit

By dialectical argument

By rational instruction

By learning from our mistakes

 

Question # 6 of 15 ( Start time: 09:01:07 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which philosopher defended the idea that we should always treat humanity as an end in itself rather than a means?

Select correct option:

 

Kant

Mill

Bentham

Rawls

 

Question # 7 of 15 ( Start time: 09:02:22 PM ) Total Marks: 1

The concept that there are no relevant differences among people that can justify unequal treatment is known as?

Select correct option:

Egalitarianism

Utilitarianism

Socialism

None of the above

 

Question # 8 of 15 ( Start time: 09:03:44 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Commodities that are considered valuable only because they lead to other good things are called:

Select correct option:

 

Instrumental goods

Instrumental values

Intrinsic goods

Intrinsic values

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question # 9 of 15 ( Start time: 09:05:10 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Socialist view on distribution is best described as:

Select correct option:

 

From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs

The benefits a person receives should be proportional to his contribution

From each they choose, to each as they are chosen

Always treat humanity as an end in itself rather than as a means

 

 

Question # 10 of 15 ( Start time: 09:06:06 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Factual evidence has the following properties except?

Select correct option:

Time bound

Accurate

Relevant

Complete

 

Question # 11 of 15 ( Start time: 09:06:55 PM ) Total Marks: 1

In which country Locke’s property rights have been influential?

Select correct option:

England

Germany

America

Greek

 

Question # 12 of 15 ( Start time: 09:07:27 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which of the following are the criteria for determining moral right and wrong?

Select correct option:

Universalizability

Reversibility

Both a & b

None of the above

 

Question # 13 of 15 ( Start time: 09:08:06 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Utilitarianism is unable to deal with following kind of moral issues?

Select correct option:

Rights

Justice

Both a & b

None of the above

 

 

Question # 14 of 15 ( Start time: 09:08:50 PM ) Total Marks: 1

What are the levels on which ethical decision making occurs?

Select correct option:

 

Individual

Organizational

Business system

All of the given

 

 

Question # 15 of 15 ( Start time: 09:09:28 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Privacy is an example of?

Select correct option:

 

Positive right

Basic need

Negative right

None of the above

Question # 1 of 15 ( Start time: 09:16:17 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which theory includes means of production and selling one's labor?

Select correct option:

 

Capitalist systems

Free economy system

Socialist system

None of the above

capitalist systems offer only two sources of income–owning the means of production and

selling one's labor–workers

 

 

Question # 2 of 15 ( Start time: 09:17:26 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Equality of income and equality of opportunity is refers to:

Select correct option:

 

Equality

Political equality

Economic equality

Human equality

 

Question # 3 of 15 ( Start time: 09:17:59 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Through utilitarianism offers a clear-cut method of calculating morality. What is the number of problems identified with this method?

Select correct option:

 

5

4

3

2

 

 

Question # 4 of 15 ( Start time: 09:19:21 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Who presented the theory of absolute advantage?

Select correct option:

 

Adam Smith

 

Friedrich A. Hike

 

Murray Roth bard

 

Eric Mack

 

Question # 5 of 15 ( Start time: 09:20:14 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which of the following are components of free market systems?

Select correct option:

Private property system

Voluntary exchange system

Both a & b

None of the above

Free market systems have two main components: a private property system and a voluntary exchange system. Pure free market systems would have absolutely no constraints on what on can own and what one can do with it

 

 

Question # 6 of 15 ( Start time: 09:21:08 PM ) Total Marks: 1

What are the levels on which ethical decision making occurs?

Select correct option:

 

Individual

Organizational

Business system

All of the given

 

Question # 7 of 15 ( Start time: 09:21:55 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which one of the following is not an essential component of moral reasoning?

Select correct option:

 

Understanding of reasonable requirement of moral standard

 

Evidence or information regarding these moral standards

 

Both a & b

 

None of the given options

 

 

Question # 8 of 15 ( Start time: 09:22:44 PM ) Total Marks: 1

How many sources of income Capitalist systems offer?

Select correct option:

 

4

3

2

5

 

 

Question # 9 of 15 ( Start time: 09:23:40 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which of the following refers to the ability of a person or a country to produce a particular good at a lower opportunity cost than another country?

Select correct option:

 

Absolute advantage

 

Comparative advantage

 

Resource efficiency

 

Natural advantage

 

Question # 10 of 15 ( Start time: 09:25:03 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which one of the following is not a basic type of moral standards?

Select correct option:

 

Utilitarianism

Rights

Justice

Relevant

 

 

Question # 11 of 15 ( Start time: 09:25:54 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which philosopher defended the idea that we should always treat humanity as an end in itself rather than a means?

Select correct option:

 

Kant

Mill

Bentham

Rawls

 

Question # 12 of 15 ( Start time: 09:26:14 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which one of the following is NOT a trait of character that makes an individual a morally good human being?

Select correct option:

 

Courage

Temperance

Hope

Justice

 

 

Question # 13 of 15 ( Start time: 09:27:39 PM ) Total Marks: 1

The limited rights and correlative duties that arise when one person enters an agreement with another person is the definition of:

Select correct option:

 

Contract

Justice

Special obligations

Legal rights

 

 

Question # 14 of 15 ( Start time: 09:28:37 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which one is the justice concern of blaming or punishing persons for doing wrong?

Select correct option:

 

Distributive justice

Redistributive justice

Compensatory justice

None of the given

 

Question # 15 of 15 ( Start time: 09:29:34 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which of the following is the combining of two or more independent bodies into a single body?

Select correct option:

 

Joint venture

 

Merger

 

Management contract

 

Licensing   

Question # 1 of 15 ( Start time: 09:39:55 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which one of the following does not come under Interpersonal Concordance Orientation?

Select correct option:

Trust

Opinion

Affection

Loyalty

 

 

Question # 2 of 15 ( Start time: 09:41:02 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which one is considered as primary economic institution?

Select correct option:

Business Enterprises

Banks

Insurance companies

None of the above

 

 

 

Question # 3 of 15 ( Start time: 09:41:52 PM ) Total Marks: 1

The idea that moral rightness or wrongness is culture-dependent is an example of

Select correct option:

Moral relativism

Moral absolutism

Categorical imperative

Universality

 

 

Question # 4 of 15 ( Start time: 09:43:02 PM ) Total Marks: 1

What was the number of the patients suffering from river blindness in Africa andLatin America?

Select correct option:

16 million

17 million

17.5 million

18 million

 

Question # 5 of 15 ( Start time: 09:43:55 PM ) Total Marks: 1

How many considerations are there when to determine what the moral thing to do on any particular occasion?

Select correct option:

2

4

3

None of the above

 

Question # 6 of 15 ( Start time: 09:44:50 PM ) Total Marks: 1

The type with which one looks only at moral rules or actions of a particular type is known as?

Select correct option:

Rule utilitarianism

Utilitarianism

Both a & b

None of the above

 

 

Quiz Start Time: 09:39 PM

Time Left 88

sec(s)

Question # 7 of 15 ( Start time: 09:46:02 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which market approximates the model of the perfectly competitive free market?

Select correct option:

Agricultural market

Commodity market

Securities market

None of the above

 

 

 

Question # 8 of 15 ( Start time: 09:47:33 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which one of the following is not considered as part of the three stages of moral development proposed by Carol Gilligan?

Select correct option:

Social Contract Orientation

principled morality

conventional morality

progressing from selfish

 

Question # 9 of 15 ( Start time: 09:48:59 PM ) Total Marks: 1

What is the number of characteristics that differentiate between moral and non-moral standards?

Select correct option:

5

4

2

1

 

Question # 10 of 15 ( Start time: 09:50:01 PM ) Total Marks: 1

First principle of John Rawls theory is called:

Select correct option:

Difference principle

Principle of equal liberty

Principle of fair equality of opportunity

Original position

 

Question # 11 of 15 ( Start time: 09:51:16 PM ) Total Marks: 1

In a command economy, all decisions are taken by the:

Select correct option:

People

Government

Voters

Workers

 

Question # 12 of 15 ( Start time: 09:52:10 PM ) Total Marks: 1

The behavior respects the basic rights of the individuals involved and whether the behavior is consistent with one's agreements and special duties is referred as?

Select correct option:

Standards of justice

Standards of caring

Standards that specify how individuals must be treated

None of the above

 

 

 

Question # 13 of 15 ( Start time: 09:53:20 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Greater economic freedom ranking countries enjoy the following except?

Select correct option:

Highest standards of living

Greatest degree of political freedom

Both a & b

None of the above

 

Over time, more and more countries have moved toward greater economic freedom.

Countries ranking highest on this index tend to enjoy both the highest standards of living

 

Question # 14 of 15 ( Start time: 09:54:51 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which one of the following is not an essential component of moral reasoning?

Select correct option:

Understanding of reasonable requirement of moral standard

Evidence or information regarding these moral standards

Both a & b

None of the given options

 

 

Question # 15 of 15 ( Start time: 09:55:24 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which one of the following study aims to discover “what should be”?

Select correct option:

Moral Study

Descriptive Study

Normative Study

Study of Ethics

Which one of the country has more collectivist culture?
USA
Japan
Pakistan
None of the above

Socialist view on distribution is best described as:
From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs
The benefits a person receives should be proportional to his contribution
From each they choose, to each as they are chosen
Always treat humanity as an end in itself rather than as a means
What is the number of characteristics that differentiate between moral and non-moral standards?
5
4
2
1

Which of the following does NOT describe “virtue”?
The traits that everyone needs for a good life
An excellence that is admired in a person
A disposition to act in multidimensional way
A specific state of character

Which one of the following is not considered as category of issues involving justice?
Distributive justice
Retributive justice
Compulsory justice
Compensatory justice

Which one is the justice concern of blaming or punishing persons for doing wrong?
Distributive justice
Redistributive justice
Compensatory justice
None of the given

Moral standards are absorbed from?
Family & Friends
Experience
Intellectual capital
All of the above

Individual actions are directed through
Policies
Culture
Associations
Both a & b

Equality of income and equality of opportunity is refers to:
Equality
Political equality
Economic equality
Human equality

Which one of the following is not a basic type of moral standards?
Utilitarianism
Rights
Justice
Relevant

Which one of the following is a component of free market systems?
Private property system
Involuntary exchange system
Command system
None of the given

Which philosopher of utilitarianism presents the cost-benefit analysis?
Aristotle
Mill
Kant
Bentham

Which principle of John Rawls assumes that a productive society will incorporate inequalities?
Principle 1
Principle 2
Part a of principle 2
Part b of principle 2
 

MGT610 business ethics

Right action comes to be defined in terms of moral principles chosen because of their logical comprehensiveness, universality, and consistency is known as?

Select correct option:
Interpersonal Concordance Orientation
Universal Ethical Principles Orientation
Social Contract Orientation
Law and Order Orientation
Which one is considered as primary economic institution?
Select correct option:
Business Enterprises
Banks
Insurance companies
None of the above
Kohlberg's research indicates that pre-conventional reasoning is dominant in:
Select correct option:
Elementary school
Adulthood (not sure)
Adolescence
Old age
In how many ways efficiency comes about in perfectly competitive free markets?
Select correct option:
Two ways
Three ways
Four ways
None of the above
Which of the following is NOT a feature of free market?
Select correct option:
Free choice
Free enterprise
Price flexibility
Price fixing
Individual actions are directed through
Select correct option:
Policies
Culture
Associations
Both a & b
In which Year Township and village enterprises (TVEs) legalized?
Select correct option:
1974
1984
1994
2004

Which of the following deals with the distribution of benefits and burdens, mostly in the evaluation of social, political, and economic institutions?
Select correct option:
Retributive justice
Compensatory justice
Distributive justice
Ethical justice
Which one of the following is not a basic type of moral standards?
Select correct option:
Utilitarianism
Rights
Justice
Relevant

Which statement reflects the "punishment and obedience orientation" stage (stage one) of moral development?
Select correct option:
I don't steal because my friends don't steal
I don't steal because I don't want to be spanked
I don't steal because it would harm society as a whole
I don't steal because it wouldn't be fair to everyone else if I did

A principle that describes that it would be acceptable to a group of rational, self interested persons who know they will live under it themselves is known as?
Select correct option:
Moral
Basic
Immoral
None of the above

Which one of the following is not the basis of an important critical method in ethics?
Select correct option:
Counter examples
Hypothetical examples
Literature examples
Both a & b

Who presented the theory of absolute advantage?
Select correct option:
Adam Smith
Friedrich A. Hike
Murray Roth bard
Eric Mack

Moral standards are absorbed from?
Select correct option:
Family & Friends
Experience
Intellectual capital
All of the above

Which one of the following ethic sees concrete communities and communal relationships as having a fundamental value?
Select correct option:
The care of ethic
Demands of caring
Communitarian ethic
Socialism

 

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