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PAK301 - Pakistan Studies Assignment No. 02 Solution and Discussion Fall 2012 Due Date 18-10-2013

Pak301

Fall 2012

Assignment # 2

Due Date: January, 18, 2013 Total Marks: 10

Objectives:
To asses students’ knowledge of the subject and to motivate them towards conceptual knowledge and practical application of the subject.

Instructions:

1. Late assignments will not be accepted.
2. If the file is corrupt or problematic, it will be marked zero.
3. Plagiarism will never be tolerated. Plagiarism occurs when a student uses work done by someone else as if it was his or her own; however, taking the ideas from different sources and to express it in your own words will be encouraged.
4. If any assignment is found copied work, no marks will be awarded and the case may be referred to the head of the academics for disciplinary action.
5. No assignment will be accepted via e-mail.
6. The file should be in Word doc form; the font color should be preferably black and font size can be 12 Times New Roman.

Guideline:
Try to be genuine and impressive in your approach.
Assignment:
1. Fill in the Blanks:
Each question carries one mark. (5 Marks)

1. The Objectives Resolution was approved on _______________

2. The Constitution of 1962 was enforced on _________________

3. ___________ challenged the dissolution of Constituent Assembly in 1954.

4. The Constitution of _________ had only One House parliament.

5. One Unit Scheme of West Pakistan was introduced on _____________

2. Write a note on Muhammad Ali Bogra Formula (1953). (5 Marks)

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Khawaja Nazimuddin was dismissed by the Governor General, Malik Ghulam Muhammad, on April 17, 1953, and replaced by Muhammad Ali Bogra. Bogra was then the Pakistani Ambassador to the United States. After coming to power, he set a new precedent of inviting the Commander-in-Chief of the Pakistan Army to become the Defense Minister.

Governor General Ghulam Muhammad had dissolved the Constituent Assembly although the Assembly had accomplished the task of framing the Constitution and all obstacles in the way of its promulgation were removed. After coming to power, Prime Minister Muhammad Ali Bogra declared that the making of the Constitution was one of his primary targets. He worked hard towards accomplishing this task and within six months of assuming power, he came out with a constitutional formula. His constitutional proposal is know as the Bogra Formula and was presented before the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan on October 7, 1953.

Unlike the two reports of the Basic Principle Committee, the Bogra Formula was appreciated by different sections of the society. There was great enthusiasm amongst the masses as they considered it a plan that could bridge the gulf between the two wings of Pakistan and would act as a source of unity for the country. The proposal was discussed in the Constituent Assembly for 13 days. On November 14, 1953, a committee was set up to draft the constitution according to the approval of the Constituent Assembly. However, before the constitution could be finalized, Ghulam Muhammad dissolved the Assembly. The Prime Minster, Muhammad Ali Bogra, was allowed to continue in office with a new cabinet. This move was apparently to counter a bill curtailing the power of the Governor General. Muhammad Ali Bogra was sworn in again as the Prime Minster on October 26, 1954. The new government promised fresh elections.

Muhammad Ali Bogra as Prime Minister of Pakistan worked hard for the settlement of the Kashmir issue. He urged Nehru to settle the Kashmir dispute in order to promote friendly relations between the two countries. Due to his strenuous efforts, the Prime Ministers of both the countries met numerous times in London and Karachi. Letters and telegrams were also exchanged between the leaders of the two countries. As a result of his efforts, Pandit Nehru agreed to hold a free and fair plebiscite in Kashmir. However, in May 1954, the news of American military aid to Pakistan gave Pandit Nehru an excuse to go back on his commitments to hold referendum in Kashmir. Thus Bogra was unable to solve the Kashmir problem. It was during the tenure of Muhammad Ali Bogra that Pakistan joined C. E. N. T. O. and S. E. A. T. O. In August 1955, the Governor General was forced to resign due to ill health and Major General Iskander Mirza was made the acting Governor General. The acting Governor General also dismissed Muhammad Ali Bogra on August 8, 1955.

While taking over charge as Prime Minister, Muhammad Ali Bogra declared Constitution making as one of his primary targets. He worked hard on the project and within six months of assuming power; he came out with a Constitutional Formula. His constitutional proposal is know as Bogra Formula and was presented before the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan on October 7, 1953. The plan proposed for a Bicameral Legislature with equal representation for all the five provinces of the country in the Upper House. Total of 50 seats were reserved for the Upper House. 300 seats for the Lower House were to be allocated between the provinces on the basis of proportionate representation. 165 seats were reserved for East Pakistan, 75 for the Punjab, 19 for Sind and Khairpur, 24 for N.W.F.P, tribal areas and the states located in N.W.F.P, 17 for Baluchistan, Baluchistan States Union, Bahawalpur and Karachi. In this way East Pakistan was given more seats in the Lower House than the combined number of seats reserved for the Federal Capital, 4 Provinces and the Princely States of the Western Wing. So in all both the wings were to have 175 seats each in the two houses of the Legislative Assembly. Both the houses were given equal power and in case of a conflict between the two houses, the issue was to be presented before the joint session.

In order to prevent permanent domination by any wing, a provision was made that if the Head of the State was from West Pakistan, the Prime Minister was to be from East Pakistan and vice versa. Electoral ollege for the Presidential elections was the two houses of the Legislative Assembly and the President was to be elected for a term of 5 years.

In place of the Board of Ulama Supreme Court was given the power to decide if the law was in accordance with the basic teachings of Quran and Sunnah or not? Unlike the two reports of the Basic Principle Committee, Bogra Formula was appreciated by different sections of the society. There was great enthusiasm amongst the masses as they considered it as a plan, which could bridge up the gulf between the two wings of Pakistan and would act as a source of unity for the country. The proposal was discussed in the Constituent Assembly for 13 days and then a committee was set to draft the constitution. On November 14, 1953 a committee was set to draft the constitution according to the approval of the Constituent Assembly. However, before the constitution was finalized, the Assembly was dissolved by Ghulam Muhammad, the then Governor General of Pakistan.

Fill in the blanks:

  1. 1949
  2. June 8, 1962
  3. Governor General
  4. Constitution of 1956
  5. 30 Oct, 1955

"MAULVI TAMIZUDIN KHAN" CHALLENGED THE DISSOLUTION OF CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY.

1. Fill in the Blanks:

Each question carries one mark.                                                         (5 Marks)

 

  1. The Objectives Resolution was approved on   12th March 1949

 

  1. The Constitution of 1962 was enforced on   8thJune1962

 

  1. Maulvi Tamizuddin  challenged the dissolution of Constituent Assembly in 1954.

 

  1. The Constitution of   1962   had only One House parliament.

 

  1. One Unit Scheme of West Pakistan was introduced on 30th,October,1955

Assignment # 2

                                                                

Due Date: January, 18, 2013                                          Total Marks: 10      

                

Assignment:

1. Fill in the Blanks:

Each question carries one mark.                                                         (5 Marks)

  1. The Objectives Resolution was approved on  1949

 

  1. The Constitution of 1962 was enforced on  June 8th 1962
  2. Governor General challenged the dissolution of Constituent Assembly in 1954.
  3. The Constitution of  1956  had only One House parliament.
  4. One Unit Scheme of West Pakistan was introduced on   14 oct, 1955

 

2. Write a note on Muhammad Ali Bogra Formula (1953).     (5 Marks)

 Muhammad Ali Bogra Formula (1953)

 Muhammad Ali Bogra While take charge as Prime Minister of Pakistan, Bogra declared that formulation of the Constitution was his primary target. He worked hard on this project and within six months of assuming power, came out with a constitutional formula. His constitutional proposal, known as the Bogra Formula, was presented before the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan on October 7, 1953. The plan proposed for a Bicameral Legislature with equal representation for all the five provinces of the country in the Upper House. A total of 50 seats were reserved for the Upper House. The 300 seats for the Lower House were to be allocated to the provinces on the basis of proportionate representation. One hundred and sixty five seats were reserved for East Pakistan, 75 for Punjab, 19 for Sindh and Khairpur, 24 for N. W. F. P., tribal areas and the states located in N. W. F. P., and 17 for Baluchistan, Baluchistan States Union, Bhawalpur and Karachi.

 In this way East Pakistan was given more seats in the Lower House than the combined number of seats reserved for the federal capital, the four provinces and the princely states of the Western Wing. So in all, both the wings were to have 175 seats each in the two houses of the Legislative Assembly. Both the houses were given equal power, and in case of a conflict between the two houses, the issue was to be presented before a joint session.

In order to prevent permanent domination by any wing, a provision was made that if the head of the state was from West Pakistan, the Prime Minister was to be from East Pakistan, and vice versa. The two houses of the Legislative Assembly formed the Electoral College for the presidential elections and the President was to be elected for a term of 5 years. In place of the Board of Ulmaa, the Supreme Court was given the power to decide if a law was in accordance with the basic teachings of the Holy Quran and Sunnah or not.

Unlike the two reports of the Basic Principles Committee, the Bogra Formula was appreciated by different sections of the society. There was great enthusiasm amongst the masses as they considered it as a plan that could bridge the gulf between the two wings of Pakistan and would act as a source of unity for the country. The proposal was discussed in the Constituent Assembly for 13 days, and a committee was set to draft the constitution on November 14, 1953. However, bemafore the constitution could be finalized, the Assembly was dissolved by Ghulam Muhammad, the then Governor General of Pakistan.

One Unit Scheme of West Pakistan was introduced on   30 oct, 1955

The Constitution of  1956  had only One House parliament

The Constitution of   1962   had only One House parliament.

which one is correct?? 

Correct is 1962

1956 is right handouts mn b yhi hy

1956 is 100%correct

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