Latest Activity In Study Groups

Join Your Study Groups

VU Past Papers, MCQs and More

We non-commercial site working hard since 2009 to facilitate learning Read More. We can't keep up without your support. Donate.


PAK301 - Pakistan Studies Graded Discussion Board (GDB) No. 1 Solution and Discussion Spring 2014 of Virtual University (VU) Due Date: July 25, 2014

PAK301 - Pakistan Studies Graded Discussion Board (GDB) No. 1 Solution and Discussion Spring 2014 of Virtual University (VU) Due Date: July 25, 2014

Dear students,

 

All the students are informed that they will post their comments on GDB link. Comments for GDB sent via email or posted on regular MDB will not be accepted. 

 

Graded MDB for Pak301 will be opened on July 24, 2014 and will remain open till July, 25, 2014. The topic of this GDB will be,

 

"How do you see Pakistan’s foreign relations with Afghanistan after US withdrawal?

 

Post your comments after inferring the above topic. Your comments should NOT exceed from 100 to 120 words.

 

 Read the instructions carefully before sending your comments:

 

1. Graded MDB carries 5% weightage.

 

2. Your comments should be relevant to the topic i.e. clear and concise.

 

3. Post your comments on the GDB, not on the Regular MDB. Both will run in parallel during the time specified above.

 

4. Do not copy the comments of other Students, as no marks will be awarded for Plagiarism.

5. Do not copy from internet or any other website, and try to create in your own words.

 

6. Comments sent via e-mail or posted on regular MDB will not be graded.

 

7. Don’t send your comments twice.

 

Views: 1278

Replies to This Discussion

Please Discuss here about this GDB.Thanks

Our main purpose here discussion not just Solution

We are here with you hands in hands to facilitate your learning and do not appreciate the idea of copying or replicating solutions.

 

 sir plz tell me k me is  subject pak301 ko kese clear karo  ye first symester ka subject ha or abi tak mean 4th symester tak me ise clear nai kar pai  har symester me chose kia ise but abi tak clear nai kar pai plz help me 

same thing is happening with me, I have chosen this subject second time but there are very little chances to pass this subject :'(

US withdrawal from Afghanistan and its implications on Pakistan

Generally Pakistan and Afghanistan are considered inseparable states due to their historical, religious, cultural, linguistic, trade and ethnic linkages. The relation is so deep that once Ahmed karzai, president of Afghanistan, professed in his visit to India that Pakistan and Afghanistan were “identical twins”. However, the modern bilateral relationships face great turbulence because of rising influence of India in Afghanistan, post 9/11, the 1980 Soviet war, great Pashtoonistan and issue related with Durand line.
History reveals that situations in Afghanistan have always affected Pakistan. The US withdrawal from Afghanistan in 2014 brings many challenges to Pakistan.


The four main players of Afghan crisis namely United States of America, Afghan government (dominated by Northern Alliance) Tehreek-e-Taliban Afghanistan (TTA) and Pakistan. All want a peaceful settlement but everyone is perpetuating their own interests.


Afghan Government does not want an abrupt US withdrawal because Afghan government, its leaders and supporters, do not want to lose the investments in another war with Taliban. US is still confused in weighing different opinions. Presently it seems from the security agreement with Kabul that US is going to cut a deal with Aghan government on the pattern of South Korea and Japan which will allow 20000 to 30000 troops who can be involved in counter terrorist operations and will be giving stability to Afghan government but they are not settling on the issue of law that y which law the US troops shall be trialed in Afghanistan if found in offensive activities. US says that the troops in Afghanistan shall be treated in accordance with Us law while Karzai insists that they operate on Afghan soil so they ought to be trialed according to Afghan law because of this Karzai is defiant of signing the pact before 2014 presidential election. Afghan government is also reluctant to the US troop’s presence in Afghanistan because Taliban have set the withdrawal of foreign troops as precondition for any peace negotiation.


Pakistan is still persuading wait and see policy. Pakistan considers itself indispensable in resolving Afghan crisis. Pakistan fears the robust influence of India in Afghanistan after the evacuation of US. It is pertinent to mention here that America wants India as counter power to Chine. The transportation and infrastructural investment by India in Afghanistan will enable her to get economic benefits from land locked central Asian Republics(CARs) and perpetuate American and her own interests to lessen the Chinese influence which will indeed pose a great threat to Pakistan’s interests and may cause severe turbulence in the region after Us withdrawal.


After the Us withdrawal from Afhganistan the major challenge to Pakistan is from the militant groups related to Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) and centrifugal tendencies in Balochistan.
TTP has no single leadership; it is divided in splinter groups which rarely coordinate terror attacked in Pakistan. Mahsud group whose leader, Hakeemyllah Mahsud, was killed in a recent drone attack in North Waziristan, after his death Fazalullah of Sawat( Mullah radio) was selected as the TTP leader, have difference with Moulla Nazir group and similarly Hafiz Gull Bahar has reservations with Mahsud group( now headed by Fazallullah) furthermore, there are many other independent groups operating against Pakistan . Infect the absence of single of TTP is a matter of great concern for the authorities in Islamabad who have to interact separately to every group which makes things more complex and complicated. These all strongly indicate a negative impact on the security, law and order situations in Pakistan particularly in FATA.


Pakistan claims that the Fazalullah and Fakir Muhammad are supported by Raw of India and NDS of Afghanistan. These groups freely use Afghanistan against the interests of Pakistan.
Simultaneously Islamabad has to deal with Baloch separatists. Pakistan many times professed that the Baloch separatists are supported by India using the Afghan soil, they are given training and refuge in Afghanistan and India. After the US withdrawal India may not be able to assist Baloch separatist in the way which she is doing now because India has to close its many constellates in Afghanistan. It is predicted that the separatists will die a natural death because it will be quite difficult for them to get maintained in Balochistan.


Pakistan needs to have a readjustment in foreign policy to Russia and Northern Alliance. It is the very time to bridge the trust deficit and pervious misunderstandings. Pakistan also needs to soften her stance over the Pashtun share in Afghanistan to dilute the apprehensions of Northern Alliance( Tajicks and Uzbaks) that they think Pakistan wants to impose Pashtun over them.


Pakistan can mainstream non states actors(NSAs) in FATA and other areas by using a clear cut reintegration policy. Two factors can play a vital role. Firstly, after the UA withdrawal the pretext on which TTP ha its recruits will lose justification that foreign forces have invaded Afghanistan and it is mandatory to wage Jehad. Secondly, the religious parties can be of due significance to bring TTP in political process. In this regard the extension of political parties act in FATA has been a positive move.
Islamabad needs to initiate developments and dialogue process in Balochistan and necessary administrative and constitutional reforms in Balochistan to finish the apprehensions of the Baloch nationalists,


Finally US withdrawal from Afghanistan in 2014 seems unrealistic but if it happens so then Pakistan can convert challenges to opportunities with a better approach.

sir ye boht lengthy h is se kitna short ho sakta h

onclusion


 US’s withdrawal from Afghanistan will affect the geo-political and 
economic conditions of the region. There will new shift in convergences and divergences in 
Pak-India relations. Pakistan needed to get out of its collective siege mentality to bury 
conspiracy theories and blaming others; and start assessing the situation according to 
changing realities. The fact is that Pakistan is facing a blow back of its own policies.

It is
imperative for Pakistan to get out of the denial mode, start putting its internal house in order 
and not shy away from seeking international help. The regional states and global powers were 
favorably disposed towards helping Pakistan to counter the extremism and terrorism menace; 
of course they wanted to help Pakistan in their own interest. A second type of terrorism is 
sectarian in nature involving domestic groups but fueled by the Arab-Iran rivalry.

It is 
important to reach a consensus with the Arab States and Iran that Pakistan cannot afford their 
proxy war on its soil. The regional actors should adopt regional approach towards peace 
where they should stand together to block the external forces interfering in the affairs of the 
region.

PAK301 GDB no 1 Spring 2014 Due Date July 25,2014

. Although there are many other issues between both countries which need settlement but the core issue is Militancy. So we can say that it all depends on Afghanistan and Pakistan what they do for the terrorism issue. Both the countries need to address this issue otherwise the problems between these two countries would remain same even after US with drawl.

Dear Students Don’t wait for solution post your problems here and discuss ... after discussion a perfect solution will come in a result. So, Start it now, replies here give your comments according to your knowledge and understandings....

gdb

Attachments:

GDB for Pak301 Spring 24 July 2014

After the Us withdrawal from Afhganistan the major challenge to Pakistan is from the militant groups related to Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) and centrifugal tendencies in Balochistan.
TTP has no single leadership; it is divided in splinter groups which rarely coordinate terror attacked in Pakistan. Mahsud group whose leader, Hakeemyllah Mahsud, was killed in a recent drone attack in North Waziristan, after his death Fazalullah of Sawat( Mullah radio) was selected as the TTP leader, have difference with Moulla Nazir group and similarly Hafiz Gull Bahar has reservations with Mahsud group( now headed by Fazallullah) furthermore, there are many other independent groups operating against Pakistan . Infect the absence of single of TTP is a matter of great concern for the authorities in Islamabad who have to interact separately to every group which makes things more complex and complicated. These all strongly indicate a negative impact on the security, law and order situations in Pakistan particularly in FATA.

Pakistan claims that the Fazalullah and Fakir Muhammad are supported by Raw of India and NDS of Afghanistan. These groups freely use Afghanistan against the interests of Pakistan.
Simultaneously Islamabad has to deal with Baloch separatists. Pakistan many times professed that the Baloch separatists are supported by India using the Afghan soil, they are given training and refuge in Afghanistan and India. After the US withdrawal India may not be able to assist Baloch separatist in the way which she is doing now because India has to close its many constellates in Afghanistan. It is predicted that the separatists will die a natural death because it will be quite difficult for them to get maintained in Balochistan.

Pakistan needs to have a readjustment in foreign policy to Russia and Northern Alliance. It is the very time to bridge the trust deficit and pervious misunderstandings. Pakistan also needs to soften her stance over the Pashtun share in Afghanistan to dilute the apprehensions of Northern Alliance( Tajicks and Uzbaks) that they think Pakistan wants to impose Pashtun over them.

Pakistan can mainstream non states actors(NSAs) in FATA and other areas by using a clear cut reintegration policy. Two factors can play a vital role. Firstly, after the UA withdrawal the pretext on which TTP ha its recruits will lose justification that foreign forces have invaded Afghanistan and it is mandatory to wage Jehad. Secondly, the religious parties can be of due significance to bring TTP in political process. In this regard the extension of political parties act in FATA has been a positive move.
Islamabad needs to initiate developments and dialogue process in Balochistan and necessary administrative and constitutional reforms in Balochistan to finish the apprehensions of the Baloch nationalists,

Finally US withdrawal from Afghanistan in 2014 seems unrealistic but if it happens so then Pakistan can convert challenges to opportunities with a better approach.

Conclusion

US’s withdrawal from Afghanistan will affect the geo-political and
economic conditions of the region. There will new shift in convergences and divergences in
Pak-India relations. Pakistan needed to get out of its collective siege mentality to bury
conspiracy theories and blaming others; and start assessing the situation according to
changing realities. The fact is that Pakistan is facing a blow back of its own policies.
It is
imperative for Pakistan to get out of the denial mode, start putting its internal house in order
and not shy away from seeking international help. The regional states and global powers were
favorably disposed towards helping Pakistan to counter the extremism and terrorism menace;
of course they wanted to help Pakistan in their own interest. A second type of terrorism is
sectarian in nature involving domestic groups but fueled by the Arab-Iran rivalry.
It is
important to reach a consensus with the Arab States and Iran that Pakistan cannot afford their
proxy war on its soil. The regional actors should adopt regional approach towards peace
where they should stand together to block the external forces interfering in the affairs of the

 

thanx for sharing :)

Pakistan in dealing with Afghans faces challenges due to years of hostile feelings towards Pakistan and Pakistani army. Therefore, in building cooperative relations with Afghanistan Pakistan needs to contribute to its reconstruction and development by helping it with resources and skills. Such positive work is essential for establishing a softer image and overcoming distrust among Afghans which will also givePakistan regional support against Indian’s aggressive designs. This is an intelligent way to fight Indian influence in the region. Else Afghanistan being an independent country might not compromise for Pakistan over aid and reconstructive assistance provided by India which is the utmost requirement of Afghans. Pakistan needs to make maximum use of its position for earning positive gains in the future development of the country yet it cannot ignore the fact that there are limits toUS assistance and backing. Also, Pakistan should convinceAfghanistan that problems would persist if their common border is not secured, which needs Afghan recognition of the Durand Line. Pakistan must ask the US to mediate and put pressure on Afghanistan over this matter. Finally, how meaningful and lasting the bilateral relationship remains depends on how much Pakistan is ready to compromise in the future and how far interests are secured through diplomatic skills.

RSS

© 2021   Created by + M.Tariq Malik.   Powered by

Promote Us  |  Report an Issue  |  Privacy Policy  |  Terms of Service