PSC201 International Relations Assignment No 01 Spring 2019 Solution & Discussion
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PSC201 International Relations Assignment No 01 Spring 2019 Solution
PSC201 Assignment no 01
In context of Pakistan, how a state can effectively maintain power of balance with world using diplomatic techniques? Give your opinion
Today world is more complex. Now it becomes difficult to understand such a complex kind of world. Pakistan comes in secondary states. Secondary states, if they are free to choose, flock to the weaker side, for it is the stronger side that threatens them. On the weaker side, they are both more appreciated and safer. States ally with those who can not dominate them to avoid domination by those who can.
Diplomacy is the management of IR through negotiations or the method by which these relations are adjusted or managed. Diplomacy tries to achieve the maximum objectives (national interests) with a minimum of costs in a system of politics where war remains a possibility.
There are two major forms of diplomacy.
The simplest and the oldest is bilateral diplomacy between two states. Bilateral diplomacy is still common with many treaties between two states, and it is a main concern of embassies.
Pakistan and India are neighbor countries. These two countries have long lasting conflicts between then since their emergence. About 3 wars have been done between these two countries to achieve balance of power between them. Each country tries to become superior on other. On that contast we have faced three wars. There were many treaties signed between these countries with help of UN. We have to maintain our bilateral diplomacy with India and other neighbor countries.
By this technique we can achieve balance of power with India.
Multi lateral Diplomacy
The other form of diplomacy is multilateral diplomacy involving many states. We are in global world so we are also accountable for relation with whole world. It is main concern of our foreign ministry. Good relationship between more powerful countries is also important.
We have to use multi lateral diplomacy technique to maintain good relationship with all powerfull countries, Islamic countries and other countries also. The benefit to maintain multi lateral diplomacy is that if our relationship with India or any other enemy country falls down then all of our allies will stand with us for our solidarity.
Multilateralism is increasingly evident in the practice of modern diplomacy. It includes conference or summit diplomacy, with behind the scenes preparations by diplomatic officials.
The relationship with superpower i.e. US is also very important. America and all the allies are more powerful. If we will make good relationship with them then we can easily achieve balance of power and also we can maintain our balance of power with our opponent countries.
In secondary states Pakistan is also considered as powerful and important country. It is because of nuclear power. Due to this nuclear power Pakistan stands with in more powerful countries of world. Pakistan have potential to maintain its balance of power by threatening of other countries. But Pakistan has signed a treaty named as NNPT (Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty) by Disarmament.
Pakistan also used armament technique to maintain its balance of power between south Asian countries or in sub-continent.
Pakistan have to attain its balance of power by both objectively(reality) and subjectively(appearance).
PSC201 Assignment No 01 Solution Spring 2019