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PSY101 - Introduction to Psychology Assignment No. 02 Solution and Discussion Spring 2013 Due Date 26-06-2013

Dear Students,

Given below are five case scenarios. In each scenario there is description of one type of memory. You are required to read the following carefully and specify the type of memory portrayed in each case along with the justification of your answer.

1. Danish, 35 years old, is an energetic manager of a multi-national company. He often shares with his colleagues that how he has enjoyed his life while doing his MBA from a renowned university. He recalls how he used to hang out with his folks at different cafes of the city. Even after so many years, he is able to recall his good times he spent.
2. Sehrish, a 19 years old college student, has learned some particular details about solar system in her school days, e.g., it has 8 planets and the sun is a star and earth revolves around the sun.Although she has memorized these things several years ago but she is able to recall till now.
3. Amna, a housewife belonging to middle class family, is used to perform all household chores, e.g., cooking food for her family, dish washing, wipe the floor etc. She carries out all thesetasks with little or no awareness of the skills involved.
4. Taha is a ten years old student. His teacher told him to memorize a list of 20 words. When Taha completed the task, his teacher showed him another list of 10 words. In the second list,words were given in an incomplete sense such as c-i-m-te, ga-ba-e but all these words were the same as the previous list. His teacher asked him to complete all these words, which he successfully did.
5. Fahad met a car accident at the age of 9 which left adverse impacts on his entire life. Due to this mishap, he had to use crutches for one year. Now he is 26 years old but whenever he thinks about that event, he starts trembling. Even after passing many years, he still remembers the entire content of the accident. He forces himself to forget that event but despite of his continuous efforts, he is unable to do it.

· Do not include unnecessary details in justification. Keep your answer to the point.
· Only use the table given below for attempting this assignment.

Case No. Name of Type of Memory Justification (why do you think so that it best
relates to that particular type of memory?)
Marking Scheme:
1 mark for the identification of type of memory and 3 marks for the justification of that selection

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Replies to This Discussion

Please Discuss here about this assignment.Thanks

Our main purpose here discussion not just Solution

We are here with you hands in hands to facilitate your learning and do not appreciate the idea of copying or replicating solutions.

Read Lecture No.23 Carefully and try to answer

Short-term memory (or "primary" or "active memory") is the capacity for holding a small amount of information in mind in an active, readily available state for a short period of time. The duration of short-term memory (when rehearsal or active maintenance is prevented) is believed to be in the order of seconds. A commonly cited capacity is 7 ± 2 elements. In contrast, long-term memory indefinitely stores a seemingly unlimited amount of information.

Short-term memory should be distinguished from working memory, which refers to structures and processes used for temporarily storing and manipulating information

Declarative memory

Declarative memory requires conscious recall, in that some conscious process must call back the information. It is sometimes called explicit memory, since it consists of information that is explicitly stored and retrieved.

Declarative memory can be further sub-divided into semantic memory, which concerns facts taken independent of context; and episodic memory, which concerns information specific to a particular context, such as a time and place. Semantic memory allows the encoding of abstract knowledge about the world, such as "Paris is the capital of France". Episodic memory, on the other hand, is used for more personal memories, such as the sensations, emotions, and personal associations of a particular place or time. Autobiographical memory - memory for particular events within one's own life - is generally viewed as either equivalent to, or a subset of, episodic memory. Visual memory is part of memory preserving some characteristics of our senses pertaining to visual experience. One is able to place in memory information that resembles objects, places, animals or people in sort of a mental image. Visual memory can result in priming and it is assumed some kind of perceptual representational system underlies this phenomenon.[19]

Procedural memory

In contrast, procedural memory (or implicit memory) is not based on the conscious recall of information, but on implicit learning. Procedural memory is primarily employed in learningmotor skills and should be considered a subset of implicit memory. It is revealed when one does better in a given task due only to repetition - no new explicit memories have been formed, but one is unconsciously accessing aspects of those previous experiences. Procedural memory involved in motor learning depends on the cerebellum and basal ganglia.

A characteristic of procedural memory is that the things that are remembered are automatically translated into actions, and thus sometimes difficult to describe. Some examples of procedural memory include the ability to ride a bike or tie shoelaces.[20]

Read Lecture No.23 Carefully and try to answer

ye lecture no 23&24 se hai i think ?? it also includes long term memory??

Episodic Memory

Priming Memory

Implicit Memory

explicit memory

declaration  memory

Procedural Memory

Semantic Memory

associative memory

declaration memory is resposible for remembering dates, people, names etc

priming is for helping in learning something related information we had already learnt.

episodic memory; information pertaining life events.

Associative help to recall material by thinking about related informatio

expilict is recollection of facts and past experiences.

procedual refers to skills that human possess

implicit here piece of information are stored which we are not aware of it can be good or bad.

Case 1: Episodic memory

Case 2: Priming and long-term memory

Case 3: Procedural Memory

Case 4: Semantic Memory

Case 5: Flashbulb Memory

Can any one tell that these are correct or not

share ur views plz m not sure about Case 4: Semantic Memory/ associative memory 

Types of Memories in correct sequence related to book...

1) Declarative Memory (e.g  (Facts , Data, Faces, Names)

2)Procedural Memory (e.g (skills, habits, playing cricket, swimming)

3) Semantic Memory (e.g (Facts, general knowledge of world)

4) Episodic Memory (e.g (Information pertaining to life events, connected with specific   time   and place)

5) Priming Memory (e.g (information exposed to individual and asked after that to recall him same or similar pieces of information)

6) Explicit Memory (e.g (purpose full, conscious recollection of facts and past experience )

7) Implicit Memory

8) Flash Bulb Memory (snapshots)

9) Autobiographical Memory (past life events which are in distorted and changed compared to real )

Case No

Name of Type of Memory


Episodic Memory


Semantic Memory 


Implicit Memory


Priming and long-term memory


Declarative Memory/Explicit


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