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SEMESTER FALL 2013
Introduction to Psychology (PSY101)
Assignment No. 02
Due Date: 27.01. 2014 Marks: 15
Upon successful completion of this assignment, students will learn:
· How to conduct an in-depth interview
· How to write a research report
Here is an activity for you based on an in-depth interview.
You are required to conduct an interview of a person who has high achievements in his/her life,
e.g., a class fellow with excellent grades in academics or a successful businessman. After
conducting the interview, you will submit your findings in the form of a report.
Your report will consist of following parts:
In this part, you will write down the purpose of conducting this interview and also you will write
the questions asked from interviewee in order to conduct this activity.
In this section, you will write age, gender, reason of choosing the interviewee and how you
conduct the interview.
Result and Discussion (5)
In this section, your focus will be on following two key points:
1. Achievement Motivation
In this section, you will illustrate one experience from interviewee’s life that exhibits
achievement motivation while explaining its characteristic features.
2. Need for Appraisal
In this section, you will illustrate one experience from interviewee’s life that exhibits need for
appraisal while mentioning the significance of more liked.
In conclusion, you will summarize your findings in 2 or 3 lines.
· Try to be precise and comprehensive while writing the report.
· Your report should not exceed from 1000 words.
· Every student will work individually and has to write in the form of an analytical
· Give the answer according to question.
· For acquiring the relevant knowledge don’t rely only on handouts but watch the video
lectures and use other reference books also.
***** Good Luck*****
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Please Discuss here about this assignment.Thanks
Our main purpose here discussion not just Solution
We are here with you hands in hands to facilitate your learning and do not appreciate the idea of copying or replicating solutions.
koi haaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa anyy one tell about solution
Just take an interview of some one then you are good to go
Solution is to take an interview
What is an In-depth Interview?
In-depth, qualitative interviews are excellent tools to use in planning and evaluating Extension programs because they use an open-ended, discovery-oriented method, which allows the interviewer to deeply explore the respondent’s feelings and perspectives on a subject. This results in rich background information that can shape further questions relevant to the topic. The key characteristics of in-depth interviews are the following:
Open-ended Questions. Questions need to be worded so that respondents expound on the topic, not just answer “yes” or “no.” Many open-ended questions begin with “why” or “how,” which gives respondents freedom to answer the questions using their own words.
Semi-structured Format. Although it is important to pre-plan the key questions, the interview should also be conversational, with questions flowing from previous responses when possible. For example, if an interviewee remarks that “The elections are approaching,” an appropriate response would be, “How do you feel about the candidates involved?”
Seek Understanding and Interpretation. It is important to use active listening skills to reflect upon what the speaker is saying. The interviewer should try to interpret what is being said and should seek clarity and understanding throughout the interview.
Recording Responses. The responses are typically audio-recorded and complemented with written notes (i.e., field notes) by the interviewer. Written notes include observations of both verbal and non-verbal behaviors as they occur, and immediate personal reflections about the interview.
Conducting an In-depth Interview
Kvale (1996) details seven stages of conducting in-depth interviews: thematizing, designing, interviewing, transcribing, analyzing, verifying, and reporting.
Stage 1: Thematizing. In this stage, it is important to clarify the purpose of the interviews. The first question is whether you are using the interview for program planning. For example, you may want to use in-depth interviews as part of the needs assessment process by interviewing key members of the target audience and/or influential stakeholders. Or, your desire may be to use in-depth interviewing to complement other methods of evaluating your program. Once you have decided on your general purpose, then you can pinpoint the key information you want to gather through the in-depth interview process.
Stage 2: Designing. After you determine what you want to know, you should design a way to elicit this information through the interview process. An interview guide that includes the key topics and questions will be your formalized plan for collecting information. See “Qualitative Research Methods: A Data Collector’s Field Guide” in the References and Resources section for a sample interview guide.
The interview guide should be designed to help the interviewer focus on topics that are important to explore, maintain consistency across interviews with different respondents, and stay on track during the interview process.
The three basic parts of the interview guide are as follows:
The facesheet, which is used to record the time, date, and place of the interview, special conditions or circumstances that may affect the interview, and demographic information about the respondent being interviewed
The interview questions, which are placed on the left side of the page, along with a blank space on the right side of the page for written observations
The post-interview comment sheet, which is a place to write notes after the interview; these notes should include feelings, interpretations, and other comments that arose during the interview
Stage 3: Interviewing. In the beginning of the interview, it is important to make introductions, explain the purpose of the study, and put the respondent at ease. If you plan to audio record the session, obtain the respondent’s permission and test the equipment to make sure it is working properly. Your main responsibility is to listen and observe as you guide the respondent through a conversation until all of the important issues on the interview guide are explored. Please see the earlier section on “Skills and Attributes of the Interviewer” for guidance on how to conduct good interviews.
Stage 4: Transcribing. Transcribing involves creating a verbatim text of each interview by writing out each question and response using the audio recording. The interviewer’s side notes should also be included in the transcription, and properly labeled in a separate column or category.
Stage 5: Analyzing. Analyzing involves re-reading the interview transcripts to identify themes emerging from the respondents’ answers. You can use your topics and questions to organize your analysis, in essence synthesizing the answers to the questions you have proposed. If the interviews raise more questions than they answer, then more interviews may be necessary to properly examine the issue at hand.
Stage 6: Verifying. Verifying involves checking the credibility of the information gathered and a method called triangulation is commonly used to achieve this purpose. Triangulation involves using multiple perspectives to interpret a single set of information. For example, a study that uses triangulation to examine the outcomes of a Parenting Communication class would require researchers to interview at least three groups of participants: parents, children, and other household members. When each participant says the same thing in the interviews, then the information that results is considered valid.
A simpler way to use triangulation in a study would be to have two colleagues read and analyze the same set of transcripts, and then compare notes. If the notes agree, then the information is credible.
Stage 7: Reporting. Finally, it is important to share results from the in-depth interviews with internal and external stakeholders through a written or oral report; these reports should describe not only the results, but how the results will shape future work. When respondents see the information being used, they are more likely to participate in future data collection efforts.
When you want to gather rich data about Extension programs, in-depth interviews can be a valuable tool to guide your work. There really is no substitute for face-to-face communication, and in-depth interviews provide the structure to ensure that these conversations are both well-organized and well-suited to your purpose. While time-consuming and labor-intensive, in-depth interviews can provide rich data to inform Extension programming.
please upload the proper solution plzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz
anam its so easy assignment
dakain sab sa phlay ap aik subject lain jis ka ap na interview lana ha us sa interview lo
then solve assignment...
in first part u will write the purpose of conduct interview ka ap ka kiya maksad tha kiya janna chahti the ap etc
2nd part main ap na method likna ha sara jis main In this section, you will write age, gender, reason of choosing the interviewee and how you conduct the interview:
is main sara interview jo ap na lia tha anur baki sari info likni ha