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SEMESTER FALL 2013
Introduction to Psychology (PSY101)
Assignment No. 02
Due Date: 27.01. 2014 Marks: 15


Learning Objectives
Upon successful completion of this assignment, students will learn:
· How to conduct an in-depth interview
· How to write a research report


Assignment:
“Secondary Motives”
Dear Students,
Here is an activity for you based on an in-depth interview.
You are required to conduct an interview of a person who has high achievements in his/her life,
e.g., a class fellow with excellent grades in academics or a successful businessman. After
conducting the interview, you will submit your findings in the form of a report.
Your report will consist of following parts:
Introduction (2)
In this part, you will write down the purpose of conducting this interview and also you will write
the questions asked from interviewee in order to conduct this activity.
Method (5)
In this section, you will write age, gender, reason of choosing the interviewee and how you
conduct the interview.
Result and Discussion (5)


In this section, your focus will be on following two key points:
1. Achievement Motivation
In this section, you will illustrate one experience from interviewee’s life that exhibits
achievement motivation while explaining its characteristic features.
2. Need for Appraisal
In this section, you will illustrate one experience from interviewee’s life that exhibits need for
appraisal while mentioning the significance of more liked.
Conclusion (3)
In conclusion, you will summarize your findings in 2 or 3 lines.
Instructions:
· Try to be precise and comprehensive while writing the report.
· Your report should not exceed from 1000 words.

Solution guidelines:
· Every student will work individually and has to write in the form of an analytical
assignment.
· Give the answer according to question.
· For acquiring the relevant knowledge don’t rely only on handouts but watch the video
lectures and use other reference books also.

***** Good Luck*****



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Replies to This Discussion

Result and Discussion:      

Section, your focus will be on following two key points:

1. Achievement Motivation

In this section, you will illustrate one experience from interviewee’s life that exhibits achievement motivation while explaining its characteristic features.

2. Need for Appraisal

In this section, you will illustrate one experience from interviewee’s life that exhibits need for appraisal while mentioning the significance of more liked.

Achievement Motivation:

Completing toward oneself or achieving accomplishment in important area in the trademark characteristic of the accomplishment. The necessity to attain something in life, some object of yearning, an objective, or position/status inspiration accomplishment is an excess of important. Individuals who have high cause expertise they take and overcome challenges to triumph instead of discovering a simple method for attaining victory

According to the Appraisal Theory of emotions, how we feel about a certain situation is determined by our Appraisal or evaluation of the event.                                                           

aur end pa ap na 

Conclusion: likna ha

like this

Gender: 
Subject name: 
Subject age:
Reason of choosing the interviewee (my subject):
Why I conduct this interview?
How I conduct the interview?
interview questionnaire

Write in report form

Gender: 
Subject name: 
Subject age:
Reason of choosing the interviewee (my subject):
Why I conduct this interview?
How I conduct the interview?
interview questionnaire

Conducting an In-depth Interview
Kvale (1996) details seven stages of conducting in-depth interviews: thematizing, designing, interviewing, transcribing, analyzing, verifying, and reporting.

Stage 1: Thematizing. In this stage, it is important to clarify the purpose of the interviews. The first question is whether you are using the interview for program planning. For example, you may want to use in-depth interviews as part of the needs assessment process by interviewing key members of the target audience and/or influential stakeholders. Or, your desire may be to use in-depth interviewing to complement other methods of evaluating your program. Once you have decided on your general purpose, then you can pinpoint the key information you want to gather through the in-depth interview process.

Stage 2: Designing. After you determine what you want to know, you should design a way to elicit this information through the interview process. An interview guide that includes the key topics and questions will be your formalized plan for collecting information. See “Qualitative Research Methods: A Data Collector’s Field Guide” in the References and Resources section for a sample interview guide.

The interview guide should be designed to help the interviewer focus on topics that are important to explore, maintain consistency across interviews with different respondents, and stay on track during the interview process.

The three basic parts of the interview guide are as follows:

The facesheet, which is used to record the time, date, and place of the interview, special conditions or circumstances that may affect the interview, and demographic information about the respondent being interviewed
The interview questions, which are placed on the left side of the page, along with a blank space on the right side of the page for written observations
The post-interview comment sheet, which is a place to write notes after the interview; these notes should include feelings, interpretations, and other comments that arose during the interview
Stage 3: Interviewing. In the beginning of the interview, it is important to make introductions, explain the purpose of the study, and put the respondent at ease. If you plan to audio record the session, obtain the respondent’s permission and test the equipment to make sure it is working properly. Your main responsibility is to listen and observe as you guide the respondent through a conversation until all of the important issues on the interview guide are explored. Please see the earlier section on “Skills and Attributes of the Interviewer” for guidance on how to conduct good interviews.

Stage 4: Transcribing. Transcribing involves creating a verbatim text of each interview by writing out each question and response using the audio recording. The interviewer’s side notes should also be included in the transcription, and properly labeled in a separate column or category.

Stage 5: Analyzing. Analyzing involves re-reading the interview transcripts to identify themes emerging from the respondents’ answers. You can use your topics and questions to organize your analysis, in essence synthesizing the answers to the questions you have proposed. If the interviews raise more questions than they answer, then more interviews may be necessary to properly examine the issue at hand.

Stage 6: Verifying. Verifying involves checking the credibility of the information gathered and a method called triangulation is commonly used to achieve this purpose. Triangulation involves using multiple perspectives to interpret a single set of information. For example, a study that uses triangulation to examine the outcomes of a Parenting Communication class would require researchers to interview at least three groups of participants: parents, children, and other household members. When each participant says the same thing in the interviews, then the information that results is considered valid.

A simpler way to use triangulation in a study would be to have two colleagues read and analyze the same set of transcripts, and then compare notes. If the notes agree, then the information is credible.

Stage 7: Reporting. Finally, it is important to share results from the in-depth interviews with internal and external stakeholders through a written or oral report; these reports should describe not only the results, but how the results will shape future work. When respondents see the information being used, they are more likely to participate in future data collection efforts.

Summary
When you want to gather rich data about Extension programs, in-depth interviews can be a valuable tool to guide your work. There really is no substitute for face-to-face communication, and in-depth interviews provide the structure to ensure that these conversations are both well-organized and well-suited to your purpose. While time-consuming and labor-intensive, in-depth interviews can provide rich data to inform Extension programming.

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