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                       Psycology101

                           PSKP01

 

 

 

 


Question No: 1    ( Marks: 1 )     -  Please choose one

 

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV) _______________.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Presents comprehensive definitions for mental disorders

 

 

 

 

Suggest underlying causes for abnormal behavior

 

 

 

 

Provides descriptions and causative explanations for over 100 categories

 

 

 

 

Is one of three standard classification systems in America

 

 

Question No: 2    ( Marks: 1 )     -  Please choose one

 

____________________psychologists would be interested in studying the effect on men of turning 50 years old.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Environmental

 

 

 

 

Developmental

 

 

 

 

Clinical

 

 

 

 

Educational

 

 

Question No: 3    ( Marks: 1 )     -  Please choose one

 

Psychodynamic therapy is based on the work of______________.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rogers

 

 

 

 

Freud

 

 

 

 

Maslow

 

 

 

 

Skinner

 

 

Question No: 4    ( Marks: 1 )     -  Please choose one

 

Depth perception is due largely to the fact that______________.

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have perceptual constancy

 

 

 

 

We have two eyes

 

 

 

 

Motion parallax is universal

 

 

 

 

Binocular disparity does not occur in humans

 

 

Question No: 5    ( Marks: 1 )     -  Please choose one

 

_____________is not a type of extrinsic reward.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Money

 

 

 

 

Social contacts

 

 

 

 

Appreciation

 

 

 

 

Free medical facility

 

 

Question No: 6    ( Marks: 1 )     -  Please choose one

 

________________ suggests that sports performance can be improved by manipulating arousal level of the one playing in the field.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sport psychology

 

 

 

 

Health psychology

 

 

 

 

Motivation theories

 

 

 

 

Consumer psychology

 

 

Question No: 7    ( Marks: 1 )     -  Please choose one

 

Redirecting the expression of unwanted desires or impulses to a substitute rather than the actual target is called________________.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Repression

 

 

 

 

Regression

 

 

 

 

Displacement

 

 

 

 

Rationalization

 

 

Question No: 8    ( Marks: 1 )     -  Please choose one

 

Fitting the right person to the job involves the ____________________.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Job analysis

 

 

 

 

Personnel selection

 

 

 

 

Personnel training

 

 

 

 

All of the given options

 

 

Question No: 9    ( Marks: 1 )     -  Please choose one

 

A health psychologist is not interested in _____________________.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Enhancement of health

 

 

 

 

Treatment of disease

 

 

 

 

Improvement of the health care system

 

 

 

 

Worker’s motivation

 

 

Question No: 10    ( Marks: 1 )     -  Please choose one

 

An adjustment in the lens shape in order to keep images in sharp focus is called_____________.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lens-image inversion

 

 

 

 

Top-down processing

 

 

 

 

Accommodation

 

 

 

 

Optical adaptation

 

 

Question No: 11    ( Marks: 1 )     -  Please choose one

 

According to psychodynamic school of thought at birth, the entire mind consists of only ______________.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Id

 

 

 

 

Ego

 

 

 

 

Conscious

 

 

 

 

Unconscious

 

 

Question No: 12    ( Marks: 1 )     -  Please choose one

 

A technique used to unlearn the unwanted habits by associating it with the unwanted impulses is called__________________.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Systematic desensitization

 

 

 

 

Aversive therapy

 

 

 

 

Flooding and implosive therapy

 

 

 

 

Observational learning

 

 

Question No: 13    ( Marks: 1 )     -  Please choose one

 

Available statistics show that majority of the people have an I.Q level between    __________.

 

 

 

 

 

 

75 - 115

 

 

 

 

80 - 115

 

 

 

 

85 - 115

 

 

 

 

None of the given options.

 

 

Question No: 14    ( Marks: 1 )     -  Please choose one

 

Self-actualized people accept themselves the way they are ___________

 

 

 

 

 

 

Really

 

 

 

 

Ideally

 

 

 

 

Perceived by others

 

 

 

 

Perceived by their beloved ones

 

 

Question No: 15    ( Marks: 1 )     -  Please choose one

 

A child overcomes her fear of snakes by observing another child repeatedly handle snakes. This is an example of__________.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cognition therapy

 

 

 

 

Systematic desensitization

 

 

 

 

Modeling

 

 

 

 

Contingency contracting

 

 

Question No: 16    ( Marks: 1 )

 

----Rational-Emotive Behavior---- therapy focuses on altering the irrational beliefs into more acceptable way.

 

 

Question No: 17    ( Marks: 1 )

 

According to ---Medical--- perspective, psychological problems are caused by physiological factors.

 

 

Question No: 18    ( Marks: 1 )

 

---PSYCHOPATHOLOGY--- is a term used to describe abnormal behavior.

 

 

Question No: 19    ( Marks: 1 )

 

Early psychologists assumed that there was a single______________factor, or g-factor for mental ability.

 

 

Question No: 20    ( Marks: 1 )

 

--Procedural---memory refers to memory for skills and habits, such as how to ride a bike or hit a baseball

 

 

Question No: 21    ( Marks: 1 )     -  Please choose one

 

Clinical psychologists can provide psychotherapy.

 

 

 

 

 

True

 

 

 

False

 

 

Question No: 22    ( Marks: 1 )     -  Please choose one

 

Dissociative disorders are included in DSM-IV-TR as a major category.

 

 

 

 

 

True

 

 

 

False

 

Question No: 23    ( Marks: 1 )     -  Please choose one

 

MMPI can identify the problems and tendencies like Depression, Hysteria and Paranoia.

 

 

 

 

 

True

 

 

 

False

 

Question No: 24    ( Marks: 1 )     -  Please choose one

 

A number of trait theories deny the concept of factor analysis.

 

 

 

 

 

True

 

 

 

False

 

 

Question No: 25    ( Marks: 1 )     -  Please choose one

 

Jung introduced the concept of archetypes.

 

 

 

 

 

True

 

 

 

False

 

Question No: 26    ( Marks: 3 )

 

Less intelligent people are less resistant and more intelligent people are more resistant to persuasion. Explain the two types of information processing routes used by the people to interpret the message.

 

 

 

Question No: 27    ( Marks: 3 )

 

Asghar and Ahmar are friends. Asghar is a medical doctor and believes that psychological problems are caused by the physiological factors whereas Ahmar is a follower of psychodynamic perspective. How Ahmar would explain the root cause of any mental disorder?

 

 

Question No: 28    ( Marks: 3 )

 

Can you distinguish social intelligence and moral intelligence?

 

 

Question No: 29    ( Marks: 3 )

 

Can you distinguish hard criteria and soft criteria, used for job analysis?

 

 

Question No: 30    ( Marks: 3 )

 

Memory includes (in alphabetical order) long term memory, sensory memory and short term memory. What is the correct order of theses three memory stores?

 

 

Question No: 31    ( Marks: 10 )

 

Psychologists believes that stress affect our health. Explain practical strategies for coping with stress?

 

 

Question No: 32    ( Marks: 10 )

 

Although we have the best talent in the world yet Pakistan cricket team is not performing up to the expectations. How can a sport psychologist help them out? Define and explain the branch of psychology which may help them out and enable them to win the 2007 cricket world cup.

 

 

                                                   Psychology

 

 

Q1

_____________ Memory is a type of sensory memory which stores information coming from the ears.

 

   ► Iconic

  ► Echoic

  ► Implicit

  ► Semantic

Q2

The psychological school of thought that stressed the whole or complete view of a situ

was____________.

  ► Structuralism

  ► Functionalism

  ► Behaviorism

  ► Gestalt

Q3

Self-actualization is associated with the name of ______

  ► Hull

  ► Maslow

  ► Cannon

 ► Freud

Q4

_______of the following perspectives would be associated with free will.

  

► Behavioral

► Psychodynamic

► Biological

► Humanistic

Q5

Wilhelm Wundt_______________.

 

 ► was one of the first psychologists to focus on child development

 ► developed the field of school psychology

 ► was an influential developmental psychologist

 ► set up the first psychological laboratory

Q6

A psychiatrist has a ______________ degree.

 

    

 ► Ph.D.

 ► Master's degree

 ► Psy.D

 ► MBBS

 

 Q7  

The behavioral treatment approaches assume that abnormal behavior is_____________

 

    

   ► Learned

   ► A function of dysfunctional cognitions

   ►A consequence of restricted growth potential

   ► The result of a biological dysfunction

Q8

Laws of perceptual organization were proposed by________________. 

  

► Functionalism

► Structuralism

► Gestalt school

► Behaviorist school

Q9

The final step of a scientific investigation is ________________.

  

► Analyze data

► Collect data

► Report the findings 

► drawing conclusions

Q10

A _____________ psychologist would focus on the study of overt behavior.

 

    

  ► Personality

  ► Social

  ► Behavioral 

  ► Forensic

Q11

Introspection is a procedure used by ___________ to study the mind.

 

  ► Functionalists

  ►Structuralisms’

  ►Biologists

  ► Humanists 

Q12

The ______________ perspective holds that abnormal behavior stems from childhood conflicts over opposing wishes regarding sex and aggression.

 

    

  ►Cognitive

  ► Humanistic

  ► Psychoanalytic

  ► Sociocultural

Q13

J.B. Watson talked about three main emotions anger, love and __________.

 

    

 ► Disgust

 ► Fear

 ►Sadness

 ► None of the given options

Q14

The therapy based upon __________ theory is too time consuming and therefore expensive. 

    

 ►Psychodynamic

 ►Psycho social

 ►Trait

 ► None of the given options

Q15

TAT is a __________.

    

 ► Self Report Inventory 

 ► Projective Test

 ►Perception Test

 ► None of the given options

Question: 16

Memory is the process by which we ---ENCODING---, store, and retrieve information.

Question: 17

 

Intelligence is the capacity to understand the world, think--- Rationally ---, and use resources

Effectively when faced with challenges.

 

Question: 18

 

The last stage of the general adaptation syndrome (GAS) model is the--- Exhaustion--- stage

When negative consequences of stress appear.

Question: 19

 

People with --- Generalized Anxiety --- disorder experience long-term, persistent anxiety and worry.

 

  

Question: 20

 

--- Traits ---are enduring dimensions of personality characteristics along with

People differ.

 

  

Question: 21- Please choose one

 

According to Freud dreams reflect unconscious needs, desires and impulses.  

    

  ► True

  ► False

Question: 22 - Please choose one

 

All port identified 15 traits that represent basic dimensions of personality. 

    

  ► True

  ► False

 

   

Question: 23 - Please choose one

 

Interview is used in the assessment of personality. 

    

  ► True

  ► False

 

  Question: 24 - Please choose one

 

Schizophrenia is a major category of DSM-IV-TR. 

    

  ► True

  ► False

 

   

Question: 25 - Please choose one

 

Bipolar Disorder is a combination of Phobia and mania.

    

  ► True

  ► False

 

   

Question: 26

 

Driving to college one rainy day, Meena narrowly misses a car that slides through a red light.

“Slow down! What a terrible driver,” she thinks to her self. Moments later, Meena herself slips through an intersection and yelps “ooh! These roads are awful. The city rain water needs to get out here. What bias has Meena just demonstrated? 

 

   

Question: 27

 

Maher experiences intense and irrational fears about some objects and situations. Can you identify her disorder by using its distinctive symptoms?

  

Question: 28

 

A counselor views that his client has some irrational believes. He wants to change his irrational believes by using Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT). What are the main concerns of REBT?

 

  

Question: 29

 

Fatima wants to memorize the definition of perception. When information enters her memory system the initial recording of that information is called encoding. Name two other functions of memory, and briefly explain one?

 

  

Question: 30

Sad feels that when he smokes he looks stylish. He thinks smoking enhance his functioning competence. That is why he keeps on smoking. The ABC model of attitude encompasses different components, keeping in mind the above mentioned situation name three components of Sad’s attitude.

 

  

Question: 31

 

Many psychologists believe that besides the biological needs the expression of psychological need is also of great importance. Name the main psychological needs of human beings.

Discuss the contribution of Maslow?

 

  

Question: 32

 

Asim loves psychology. He has decided to choose the subject as a career. He only has the basic knowledge of the subject. He is keen to know that what psychologists do. He is thinking about the attitudes of the people and how they change over time.

To guide Asim, name major sub fields of psychology and write a note on forming and maintaining the attitudes of people.

 

  

 

 

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