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PSY101 Introduction to Psychology Solved MCQs For Final Term Papers and Mid Term Solved Papers

PSY101 Introduction to Psychology Solved MCQs For Final Term Papers and Mid Term Solved Papers

Virtual University MCQs BANK - MCQs Collection from Online Quizzes

PSY101: Introduction to Psychology MCQs

1. The brain and the spinal cord comprise which of the following nervous systems?
a) Central nervous system
b) Peripheral nervous system
c) Autonomic nervous system
d) Sympathetic nervous system
2. The lobe of the cerebral cortex responsible for motor control and higher mental processes is known as the____________.
a) Occipital lobe
b) Temporal lobe
c) Parietal lobe
d) Frontal lobe
3. The band of muscles behind the cornea that gives the eye its color and controls the size of the pupil is known as the _________.
a) Sclera
b) Iris
c) Pupil
d) Cornea
4. The _______ theory suggests color vision depends on red-green, blue-yellow, and black-white processes in the brain. It suggests that the receptor cells are linked in pairs and they work in opposition to each other.
a) Figure-ground
b) Trichromatic
c) Photopigment
d) Opponent-process
5. Which of the following glands abnormal secretion result in a condition called “cretinism”?
a) Parathyroid gland
b) Thyroid gland
c) Pancreas
d) Gonads
6. What is conduction deafness?
a) Hearing loss due to failure of the auditory nerve
b) Hearing loss due to problems with the bones of themiddle ear
c) Hearing loss due to failure of the visual nerve
d) Hearing loss due to problems with the bones of the outer ear
 
7. Who will be interested to study how cognitions are acquired and used in various groups and institutional settings?
a) Anthropologists
b) Computer scientist
c) Sociologists
d) Geeks
8. ___________ refers to the degree of stability or change across the life span.
a) Temporal aspects
b) Situational aspects
c) Environmental aspects
d) Spatial aspects
9. Who developed REBT (Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy)?
a) George Kelly
b) John Dollard
c) Albert Ellis
d) Neal Miller
10. In which of the following stage, OEDIPUS COMPLEX is observed?
a) Oral stage
b) Anal stage
c) Phallic stage
d) Genital stage

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1. Positive reinforcement Ali’s father gives him 5 Rs for washing the car.
2. Negative punishment Maria was fighting with her sister. Her mother says she can't watch TV tonight.
3. Positive punishment Kiran is 4 years old. Her mother spanks her for running out into the street.
4. Negative reinforcement your teacher says you don't have to take the final exam if you have a "B" average at the end of the semester.
5. Positive reinforcement You receive a 1000 Rs incentive bonus from your boss for completing a project early.
6. Positive punishment You are assigned 10 hours of trash pick up after being caught smoking in the campus library restroom.
7. Negative punishment Alena's parents don't allow her to use the family car for 2 weeks after she received a "D" in her high school chemistry class.
8. Negative reinforcement you always put on your seat belt so that the annoying buzzer will stop.
 
 9. Positive reinforcement Teacher gives a candy to students when they show good behavior.
10.Positive punishment Ahmar beats his younger sister when she refuses to give him Chocolates.
1. A child who gives many answers in response to a question resorts to the
process of ______________.
a. Convergent thinking
b. Latent thinking
c. Divergent thinking
d. Critical thinking
2. Identify the correct order in the multi-store model of human memory?
a. L TM, Sensory register, STM, rehearsal buffer
b. Sensory register, STM, rehearsal buffer, L TM
c. Rehearsal buffer, Sensory register, STM, L TM
d. STM, Sensory register, rehearsal buffer, L TM
3. A type pf thinking which is aimed at solving problems or creating something
new is called:
a. Creative thinking
b. Autistic thinking
c. Directed thinking
d. Symbolic thinking
4. Which one of the following best supports the heuristic approach of problem
solving?
a. Trying different responses until one works
b. Following a rule that guarantees a solution to a specific type of problem
c. Applying solutions that were previously successful with other problems similar in underlying structure
d. Employing rules of thumb suggested by our experience that are often used to
solve problems
5. Which one of the following is not a secondary/learnt motive?
a. Achievement
b. Power
c. Hunger
d. Curiosity
 
6. ________________are enduring dimensions of personality characteristics that
differentiate a person from others.
a. Behaviour
b. Personality
c. Traits
d. All of the given options
7. In _____________________ defense mechanism, a person reverts back to a stage
that was satisfying.
a. Sublimation
b. Repression
c. Denial
d. Regression
8. Hunger, thirst and sleep are the________________.
a. Learnt motives
b. Primary motives
c. Social motives
d. None of the given options
9. According to ______________ theory, physiological changes create specific
sensations, and our brain interprets these sensations as different emotions.
a. James- Lange Theory of Emotions
b. Cannon- Bard Theory of Emotions
c. Opponent- Process Theory
d. Activation Theory
10 ________________is the process whereby logical conclusions, inferences, and
implications are drawn by using a set of assumptions.
a. Statistical analysis
b. Deductive reasoning
c. Inductive reasoning
d. None of the given options
1)A correlation is a numerical measure of the__________.
 
a) Unintended changes in participant’s behavior due to cues from the   experimenter.
b) Behaviors of participants of different ages compared at a given time.
c)   Behaviors of participants followed and periodically assed over time.
d) Strength of relationship between two variables.
 
 
2)An adjustment in the lens shape in order to keep images in sharp focus is called:
 
a) lens-image inversion
b) top-down processing
c)   Accommodation.
d) optical adaptation
 
 
3)A researcher stops people at the mall and asks them questions about their attitude toward gun control. Which research technique is being used?
 
a)   Survey
b) Experiment
c)   Naturalistic observation
d) Case study
 
 
4)As Saadia is walking across the campus, a car swerves toward her. Her heart beat races and sweat breaks out as she jumps out of harm’s way. This mobilization of energy is due to the action of Saadia’s __________ system:
 
a)   Sympathetic
b) Para sympathetic
c)   Somatic nervous
d) Skeleton nervous  
 
5)What two categories of dream content did Sigmund Frued described?
 
 
a)   Latent and manifest
b) Poetic and realistic
c)   Delusional and hallucinatory
d) Literal and symbolic
 
 
6)In survey research method:
 
a) Existing data are examined
b) A control group is necessary
c)   New data is generated
d) A sample of people are asked questions
 
 
7)A psychologist with a ______________ perspective focuses on how people know, understand, and think about the world:
 
a) Psychodynamic
b) Behavioral
c)   Humanistic
d) Cognitive
 
 
8)The change that an experimenter deliberately produces in a situation is called:
 
a)   The experimental manipulation
b) Randomization
c)   Replication
d) The control group
 
 
9)The proper sequence of structures that sound passes when it enters the ear is the following:
 
a) Oval window, eardrum, stirrup, cochlea
b) Cochlea, stirrup, eardrum, oval window
c)   Stirrup, eardrum, oval window, cochlea
d) Eardrum, stirrup, oval window, cochlea
 
 
10)     The endocrine system is a______________ communication network that sends messages throughout the nervous system via the bloodstream:
 
a) Photo
b) Neural
c)   Electrical
d) Chemical
1. The duration of iconic memory is _______ than echoic memory, but its capacity is probably ________.
 
Longer; larger
Shorter; about the same
Shorter; smaller
Longer; about the same
 
2. Which memory system provides us with a very brief representation of all the stimuli present at a particular moment?
 
Sensory memory
Short-term memory
Long-term memory
Primary memory
 
3. The ability to produce solutions to problems that are unusual, inventive, novel, and appropriate is called ________________.
 
Insight
Creativity
Heuristics
Latent learning
 
4. __________of the following perspectives would be associated with free will.
 
Behavioral
Psychodynamic
Biological
Humanistic
 
 
5. In the statement “Critical thinking requires reasoned judgments,” the word reasoned means __________________.
 
Giving it a lot of thought
Seeing one side of an argument very clearly
Focusing on opinion
Logical and well thought out
 
 
 6. The correct formula for determining IQ as used in Stanford - Binet test was ____________.
 
MA/CA
MA/DA × 100
CA/MA × 100
MA/CA ×100
 
7. Critical thinking means making judgments based on ________________.
Emotion
Authority and expertise
Keeping a closed mind
Reason and logical evaluation
 
8. The behavioral treatment approaches assume that abnormal behavior is ____________.
 
Learned
A function of dysfunctional cognitions
A consequence of restricted growth potential
The result of a biological dysfunction
 
9. The therapy based upon __________ theory is too time consuming and therefore expensive.
 
Psychodynamic
Psycho social
Trait
None of the given options
 
10. What is one similarity shared by clinical psychologists and psychiatrists?
 
They diagnose and treat people experiencing behavioral and emotional problems.
They have the same training experiences after college
They view abnormal behaviors as arising from the same causes.
They obtain the same graduate degree
Fill in the blanks.
 
1. Impression formation is the process by which an individual organizes information about another individual to form an overall impression of that person.
 
2. Learning the experiences through modeling and imitation is known as “Observational learning”.
 
3. Bipolar disorder is a combination of depression and Mania.
 
4. Major depression is previously known as“melancholia”.
 
5. Claustrophobia is known as fear ofclosed spaces.
 
 Q 2: Choose the one best option.
 
6American Psychological Association has ___________ divisions.
1.   55
2.   65
3.   54
4.   45
 
          7.__________ version of DSM was published in 2000                                             .
1.   DSM III
2.   DSM IV
3.   DSM IV TR
4.    DSM II
 
8._____________ contributions began with the revolutionary changes at the La Bicetre hospital in Paris.
1.Philippe Pinel
2.   Galen
3.   Plato
4.   Mesmer
9Hierarchical theory of intelligence is consists of ________ levels.
 
1.   3
2.   4
3.   5
4.   6
10. According to Sternberg theory, intelligence has three components which component is not a part of this theory.
 
1.   Analytic intelligence
2.   Crystalline intelligence
3.   Practical intelligence
4.   Creative intelligence 
1. Galton considered intelligence to be _____________________.
a. Not heritable
b. Similar between most people
c. A property of our nervous system or hereditary
d. The product of social differences
2. If a man experiences chest pains while at a department store, and later experiences anxiety attacks when visiting department stores, this can be explained by what type of learning?
a. Operant
b. Classical conditioning
c. Observational
d. Vicarious
3. Who proposed that a power similar to magnetism existed in humans?
a. Franz Friedrich Anton Mesmer
b. Philippe pinel
c. Galen
d. Plato
4. Social phobia is characterized by _____.
a. A fear of people
b. A fear of rejection
c. A fear of social situations
d. A fear of social isolation
5. Who was the founder of REBT?
a. Allbert Ellis
b. Aron beck
c. Albert Einstein
d. Aron Feldr
 
6. Which one is NOT a type of schizophrenia?
a. Disorganized type
b. Catatonic type
c. Paranoid type
d. Differentiated type
7. Which model of psychotherapy consists of Systematic de-sensitization and contingency management?
a. Biological
b. Family and couples.
c. Behavioral
d. Cognitive
8. Name the concept when there is a feeling of integration between the self and ideal self.
a. Empathy
b. Respect
c. Congruence
d. Genuineness
9. When our initial perception about a person is positive then we tend to expect that same person has other positive characteristics too is known as ___________.
a. Hallo effect
b. Social influence
c. Hello effect
d. Positive effect
10. In terms of its causes and the factors affecting its course, bipolar disorder is most similar to which of these disorders?
a. Panic disorder.
b. Schizophrenia.
c. Substance use disorders.
d. Unipolar depression.
1) _______________Is a defense mechanism which refuses to acknowledge or accept anxiety provoking thoughts or impulses.
 
i)                 Displacement
ii)                Denial
iii)           Projection
iv)           None of the above
 
2) Structures of consciousness, according to psychodynamic approach, are conscious, subconscious, __________ and unconscious.
 
i)                 Super conscious
ii)              Hyperconscious
iii)           Non conscious
iv)            None of the above
 
3) The therapy based upon __________ theory is too time consuming and therefore expensive.
 
                                           i.            Psychodynamic
                                       ii.            Psycho social
                                    iii.            Trait
                                    iv.            None of the above
 
4) __________ described personality in terms of two major dimensions.
 
                  i.            Cattell
                ii.            Eysenik
            iii.            Adler
            iv.            None of the above
 
5) TAT is a __________.
 
i)                 Self Report Inventory
ii)                Projection Test
iii)           Perception Test
iv)           None of the above
 
  
6) __________ was the first to use the term “Mental Test” for devices used to measure intelligence.
 
i)                 Galton
ii)                Cattell
iii)           Thorndike
iv)           None of the above
 
7) Multiple Intelligence theory maintains that human possesses around __________ kinds of intelligence.
 
i)                 Two
ii)              Seven
iii)             Eight
iv)           None of the above
 
8) Binet and Simon were________ scientists. They were the first to measure intelligence formally.
 
i)                 German
ii)              American
iii)             French
iv)           None of the above
 
9) Cole and Hass gave the idea of __________.
 
i)                 Social Intelligence
ii)                Moral Intelligence
iii)           Emotional Intelligence
iv)           None of the above
 
 
10) Available statistics show that majority of the people have an I.Q level between __________.
 
i)                 75 - 115
ii)              80 - 115
iii)             85 - 115
iv)           None of the above
1)The function of memory responsible for the initial recording of information is __________.
 
v)              Encoding
vi)           Storage
vii)        Retrieval
viii)     None of the above
 
2) Information gathered by our visual sense is reflected by the __________.
 
                                          i.            Echoic Memory
                                        ii.            Iconic Memory
                                    iii.            Long Term Memory
                                    iv.            None of the above
 
3) __________ is a technique used to transfer short-term memory information into long-term memory.
 
i)                 Chunking
ii)              Echoic Memory
iii)           Retrieval
iv)            None of the above
 
4) According to __________ information is remembered in terms of schemas.
 
               v.            Maslow
            vi.            John Jenkins
          vii.            Bartlet
      viii.            None of the above
 
5) MCI stands for __________.
 
v)              Memory Critical Impairment
vi)           Memory Coding Impairment
vii)         Memory Cognitive Impairment
viii)     None of the above
 
 
6) A process which is responsible for a stable and well-maintained state of internal biological balance is called __________.
 
v)              Motivation
vi)           Adaptation
vii)        Metabolism
viii)       None of the above
 
7) A motivation from within that energizes the person to satisfy or accomplish a goal in which no external tangible reward is involved is called __________.
 
v)              Intrinsic Motivation
vi)           Curiosity
vii)        Extrinsic Motivation
viii)     None of the above
 
8) ________ divided the emotions in three types as primary, secondary and derived.
 
v)              Maslow
vi)           Freud
vii)         Mc Dougall
viii)     None of the above
 
9) __________ has a dual function. Its functions are both arousing and alarming.
 
v)              S.N.S
vi)           P.N.S
vii)         A.N.S
viii)     None of the above
 
10) J.B. Watson talked about three main emotions anger, love and __________.
 
v)              Disgust
vi)            Fear
vii)        Sadness
viii)     None of the above
1. Galton considered intelligence to be _____________________.
a. Not heritable
b. Similar between most people
c. A property of our nervous system or hereditary
d. The product of social differences
2. If a man experiences chest pains while at a department store, and later
experiences anxiety attacks when visiting department stores, this can be explained
by what type of learning?
a. Operant
b. Classical conditioning
c. Observational
d. Vicarious
3. Who proposed that a power similar to magnetism existed in humans?
a. Franz Friedrich Anton Mesmer
b. Philippe pinel
c. Galen
d. Plato
4. Social phobia is characterized by _____.
a. A fear of people
b. A fear of rejection
c. A fear of social situations
d. A fear of social isolation
5. Who was the founder of REBT?
a. Allbert Ellis
b. Aron beck
c. Albert Einstein
d. Aron Feldr
 
6. Which one is NOT a type of schizophrenia?
a. Disorganized type
b. Catatonic type
c. Paranoid type
d. Differentiated type
7. Which model of psychotherapy consists of Systematic de-sensitization and contingency management?
a. Biological
b. Family and couples.
c. Behavioral
d. Cognitive
8. Name the concept when there is a feeling of integration between the self and ideal self.
a. Empathy
b. Respect
c. Congruence
d. Genuineness
9. When our initial perception about a person is positive then we tend to expect that same person has other positive characteristics too is known as ___________.
a. Hallo effect
b. Social influence
c. Hello effect
d. Positive effect
10. In terms of its causes and the factors affecting its course, bipolar disorder is most similar to which of these disorders?
a. Panic disorder.
b. Schizophrenia.
c. Substance use disorders.
d. Unipolar depression.
1) Psychology is defined as the science of:
§        Sensation and perception.
§        Experience and mental illness.
§        Culture and group dynamics.
· Behavior and mental processes.
 
 
2) Who is considered the "father of psychology" by his establishment of the first psychology lab?

· Wilhelm Wundt
§        William James
§        Sigmund Freud
§        E. B. Tichener


3) Which of the following is considered the founder of the psychodynamic perspective in psychology?

§        Wilhelm Wundt
§        William James
· Sigmund Freud
§        E. B. Tichener
 
4) The behaviorists believed:
§        Psychology should emphasize the study of healthy people.
§       Psychology should only study observable and
objectively described acts
§         Psychology should study the self examination of inner ideas and experiences.
§        All of the above.
 
 
5) The psychological school of thought that stressed the whole or complete view of a situation was:
§        Structuralism.
§        Functionalism
§        Behaviorism
· Gestalt
 
 
6) According to this Psychological school of thought, to understand human behavior and thought, one must understand the unconscious mind and the key events that happened early in life that influence the unconscious mind. What is this school of thought?
·   Psychoanalysis.
§        Functionalism
§        Behaviorism
§        Gestalt
 
 
7) Manifest content of a dream is:
 
· The obvious and apparent part
§        Hidden content.
§        Conscious part of dream.
§        Overt part of dream.
 
 
8) Who established the first psychology lab in the United States?

· G. Stanley Hall
§        William James
§        Francis Cecil Sumner
§        Mary Whiton Calkins
 
 
9) Edward Titchener used a method for studying the mind that became very popular during the Structuralist period. The method, called _____ required trained participants to report their conscious mental experiences to the investigator. For example, if a person was angry, they would report all of their experiences during the time they were angry.
 
§        Empiricism
§        Functionalism
§        Contemplation
· Introspection.
 
 
10) __________ is the school of thought in where psychology is defined as the study of the structure of the mind.
 
§        Functionalism.
§        Behaviorism.
· Structuralism.
§        All of the above.
1. Dr. Usman studies the diagnosis, causes, treatments , and prevention of mental illnesses. Which type of psychologist is Dr. Usman?
· a) Clinical psychologist
b) Developmental psychologist
c) Forensic psychologist
d) Health psychologist
2. Which one of the following models believes that behavior is motivated by inner forces over which individuals have little control?
a) Cognitive model
· b) Psychodynamic model
c) Humanistic model
d) Behavioral model
3. Which one of the following schools of thought focused on what the mind does and how it does?
a) Structuralism
· b) Functionalism
c) Gestalt
d) Behaviorist
4. Which one of the following drugs is a stimulant?
· a) Nicotine
b) Lorazepam
c) Barbiturates
d) LSD
5. Tahir often experiences intense feelings of anger and frustration. In order to cope with these feeling, he enrolls in a kickboxing class as an outlet for his emotions. Tahir's actions are an example of which type of defense mechanism?
a) Projection
b) Displacement
c) Repression
· d) Sublimation
6. Which type of learning process did Burrhus Frederic Skinner describe?
a) Classical Conditioning
b) Modeling
c) Observational Learning
· d) Operant Conditioning
7.______________ refers to genetic composition of a person.
· a) Genotype
b) Phenotype
c) Monotype
d) None of the given options
8. In a correlational study, when one variable goes up as another goes down is
known as a _________________.
a) Positive Correlation
b) No Correlation
· c) Negative Correlation
d) Illusory Correlation
9. A researcher accessed information on the Internet from a series of surveys of women that was conducted during the 1970s and 1980s. The data were analyzed to examine changes in attitudes and behaviors over time. Which of the following method was used?
a) Participant observation
b) Case study
· c) Archival data
d) Field experiments
10 A researcher wants to study the effects of violence displayed in movies on children behavior. In this research violence displayed in movies is the ___________ variable as it is manipulated by the experimenter.
· a) Independent
b) Dependent
c) Confounding
d) All of the given options

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