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PSY101 Introduction to Psychology Solved MCQs For Final Term Papers and Mid Term Solved Papers

PSY101 Introduction to Psychology Solved MCQs For Final Term Papers and Mid Term Solved Papers

Virtual University MCQs BANK - MCQs Collection from Online Quizzes

PSY101: Introduction to Psychology MCQs

1. The brain and the spinal cord comprise which of the following nervous systems?
a) Central nervous system
b) Peripheral nervous system
c) Autonomic nervous system
d) Sympathetic nervous system
2. The lobe of the cerebral cortex responsible for motor control and higher mental processes is known as the____________.
a) Occipital lobe
b) Temporal lobe
c) Parietal lobe
d) Frontal lobe
3. The band of muscles behind the cornea that gives the eye its color and controls the size of the pupil is known as the _________.
a) Sclera
b) Iris
c) Pupil
d) Cornea
4. The _______ theory suggests color vision depends on red-green, blue-yellow, and black-white processes in the brain. It suggests that the receptor cells are linked in pairs and they work in opposition to each other.
a) Figure-ground
b) Trichromatic
c) Photopigment
d) Opponent-process
5. Which of the following glands abnormal secretion result in a condition called “cretinism”?
a) Parathyroid gland
b) Thyroid gland
c) Pancreas
d) Gonads
6. What is conduction deafness?
a) Hearing loss due to failure of the auditory nerve
b) Hearing loss due to problems with the bones of themiddle ear
c) Hearing loss due to failure of the visual nerve
d) Hearing loss due to problems with the bones of the outer ear
 
7. Who will be interested to study how cognitions are acquired and used in various groups and institutional settings?
a) Anthropologists
b) Computer scientist
c) Sociologists
d) Geeks
8. ___________ refers to the degree of stability or change across the life span.
a) Temporal aspects
b) Situational aspects
c) Environmental aspects
d) Spatial aspects
9. Who developed REBT (Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy)?
a) George Kelly
b) John Dollard
c) Albert Ellis
d) Neal Miller
10. In which of the following stage, OEDIPUS COMPLEX is observed?
a) Oral stage
b) Anal stage
c) Phallic stage
d) Genital stage

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Replies to This Discussion

1. John B. Watson believed that psychology should involve the study of _________.
 
a.   Consciousness
b.   The brain 
c.    The mind
· Behavior
 
2. A(n) _________________ is a measure of how strongly two variables are related to      one another.
 
a.   Independent variable
· Correlation
b.   Experimental effect
c.    Dependent variable
 
3. A variable that the experimenter manipulates is called a(n) _____________.
 
a.   Control condition
· Independent variable
b.   Coefficient of correlation
c.    Dependent variable
 
4. Observing behavior as it happens in real-life natural settings without imposing laboratory controls is known as the ______. 
 
· Naturalistic observation method
a.   Experimental method
b.   Psychometric approach
c.    Survey method
 
5. Who claimed that behavior is affected by positive reinforcement? 
 
· B. F. Skinner
a.   Sigmund Freud
b.   William James 
c.    Wilhelm Wundt 
 
6. A detailed description of a particular individual being studied or treated is called ______________________.
 
a.   A single-blind study
b.   A representative sample
c.    A naturalistic observation
· A case study
 
 
7. The psychodynamic perspective was based on the work of ________________.
 
a.Freud
b.   Watson
c.    Gestalt
d.   Wundt
 
8. Who was an early proponent of functionalism?
 
a.   Wilhelm Wundt
b.   Ivan Pavlov
c.   William James 
d.   Max Wertheimer
 
9. Which of the following terms do NOT belong together?
 
a.   Natural selection; functionalism
b.   Psychoanalysis; unconscious conflict
c.    Structuralism; observable behavior 
d.   Gestalt; whole
 
10. “The whole is greater than the sum of the parts” is a statement associated with the perspective of ______________.

a.   Introspection
b.   Gestalt psychologists
c.    Psychoanalysis
d.   Functionalism
A branch of psychology that studies the psychology in action at the workplace is known as which of the following?.
Clinical psychology
Forensic psychology.
Health psychology
Industrial / Organizational Psychology
Which of the followings model focuses on how people know, understand and think about
the world?
Cognitive model
Behavioral model
Humanistic model
Psychodynamic model
Which of the following school of thought gave emphasis on the structure of
consciousness?
Behaviorism
Functionalism
Structuralism.
Gestalt school of thought
Which of the following system is a chemical communication network that sends messages through out the nervous system via the bloodstream?
Endocrine
Neuron
Electrical
Central
During which stage of development, the Oedipal and Electra complex takes place?
The Latency Period
The Anal Stage
The Oral Stage
The Phallic Stage
Which of the following will happen where we stop the reinforcement and the behavior will be extinguished?.
Generalization
Extinction
Spontaneous recovery
Shaping
 
Identify who among the following developed his system of psychotherapy called Client Centered Therapy.
Alfred Adler
William. H. Sheldon.
Albert Ellis
Carl Rogers
The recording of the behavior of people or animals in their natural environments, with little or no intervention by the researcher is known as what?
Experimental research
Naturalistic observation
Manipulative research
Laboratory observation
When a detailed description of a particular individual is gathered, this sort of data collection is known as what?
A single-blind study
A representative sample
A naturalistic observation
A case study
The branch of psychology that studies how physiological and social changes take place over the lifespan is known as what?
Forensic Psychology
Developmental Psychology.
Clinical Psychology
Social Psychology
                                                 
1. While maintenance rehearsal will help keep information in short-term memory for longer periods of time, it does not help transfer information into long-term memory. In order to get information into long-term memory we need to engage in:
A. Elaborative rehearsal.
B. Maintenance priming
C. Chunking
D. Episodic rehearsal
2. In sensory memory, visual stimuli are held for a very brief time as _____ memories, whereas auditory stimuli are held as _____ memories.
A. Short-term; long-term
B. Iconic; echoic
C. Echoic; iconic
D. Long-term; short-term
3. Which of the following is NOT true of long-term memory?
A. It has unlimited space
B. It includes both semantic and episodic memory
C. It can hold information for unlimited lengths of time
D. It has about seven slots or chunks for information storage
4. People do things (like work) for all different reasons. Some work for money, some work for power, and some work for satisfaction. Internal motivation.
that causes us to do something because we receive self-satisfaction is called:
A. Humanistic
B. Intrinsic
C. Sociobiological
D. Optimum arousal
5. Which of the following is NOT a biological motive that operates within a homeostatic cycle (is not regulated by homeostsis)?
A. Sex
B. Hunger
C. Body temperature
D. Thirst
 
Fill in the Blanks_______
1. Positive reinforcement Maliha’s father gives her 10 Rs for making tea for him..
2. Negative punishment Maria was fighting with her sister. Her mother says she
can't watch TV tonight.
3. Positive punishment Moona is 4 years old. Her mother spanks her for running out
into the street.
4. Negative reinforcement your teacher says you don't have to take the final exam if
you have a "B" average at the end of the semester.
5. Positive reinforcement you receive a 1000 Rs incentive bonus from your boss for
completing a project early.
 
 
According to Piaget, children’s thinking develops through two simultaneous processes. Identify them.
a. Assimilation and accommodation
b. Assimilation and mental representation
c. Mental representation and equilibrium
d. Equilibrium and accommodation
Which of the following statement best describe Erik Erikson?
a. He was an id psychologist
b. He developed a theory based on social rather than sexual relationships
c. He described archetypes.
d. He gave the concept of basic anxiety
Which of the followings are the branch-like structures that receive messages from other neurons?
a. Nerve bundles
b. Axons
c. Dendrites
d. Synapses
The peripheral nervous system consists of __________________.
a. The spinal cord and autonomic system
b. All nerves in the brain and the spinal cord
c. The brain and the autonomic system
d. All the nerve cells that are not in the brain and spinal cord
 
The fovea is made up of what?
a. All cones and no rods
b. Mostly cones with some rods
c. All rods and no cones
d. Mostly rods with some cones
What are the hammer, anvil, and stirrup?
a. Types of sound that most people can detect
b. Tiny bones located in the middle ear
 
c. Types of cones on the retina
d. Words often used by audiologists in testing for hearing difficulties
Which of the following is not one of the Gestalt principles?
a. Figure and ground
b. Proximity
c. Synchronicity.
d. Closure
Which of the following statement best describes the concept of an illusion?
a. It is due to the action of the rods versus the cones in the retina
b. Corresponds directly to something that you dreamed
c. It is the same thing as a vision
d. It is a perception that does not correspond to reality
Which two categories of dream content did Sigmund Freud describe?
a. Poetic and realistic
b. Delusional and hallucinatory
c. Latent and manifest
d. Literal and symbolic
All of the following statements concern with the concept of learning EXCEPT:
a. Learning is relatively permanent.
b. Learning involves experiences
c. Learning is another word for physical growth
d. Learning involves changes in behavior
1. Drugs that speed up the functioning of the nervous system are called ________________.
Stimulants
Psychogenics.
Narcotics
Depressants
 
 
2. According to Sigmund Freud, the important underlying meaning of our dreams is found in the ________.
Manifest content
Deep content
Latent content
Subliminal content
 
 
3. Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of dreaming states that __________________.
 
The purpose of dreaming is to express unconscious wishes, thoughts, and conflicts
Dreaming is a by-product of a process of eliminating or strengthening neural connections.
The purpose of dreaming is to resolve current concerns and problems
There is no purpose to dreaming; dreams occur because of random brain stem signals
 
 
4. Daydreaming, meditation, intoxication, sleep, and hypnosis are all types of ______.
 
Altered states of consciousness
Waking consciousness
Self-awareness
Self-absorption
 
 
5. The branchlike structures that receive messages from other neurons are called ______.
 
Nerve bundles
Dendrites
Axons
Synapses.
 
 
6. The idea that learning occurs and is stored up, even when behaviors are not reinforced, is called ______.
 
Innate learning
Insight
Placebo learning
Latent learning
 
 
7. In operant conditioning, _____________ is necessary to create the association between the stimulus and the voluntary response.
 
The law of negative effect
A long time delay
Conditional emotional linkages
Reinforcement
 
 
8. ______ is synonymous with short-term memory.
 
Sensory registers
Shadow memory
Working memory
Secondary memory.
 
 
9. ________________________ of the following statements is true about retrieval.
 
It is a process of getting information from the sensory receptors to the brain
It is a process that allows an extinguished CR to recover.
It is the reason that conditioned taste aversions last so long.
It is a process of getting stored memories back out intoconsciousness..
 
 
10. Receptor cells in the retina responsible for color vision are ______.
 
Cones
Rods
Bipolar cells
Ganglion cells
                                 
1. _______________ is the process of perceiving information and   bringing it into the memory system
1.   Storage
2.   Retrieval
3.   Recording
4.   Encoding
 
2. According to Woodworth Memory =L -I –R, R stands for ___________.
1.   recording
2.   remembering
3.   resonance
4.   recall
 
 
 
 3. __________ derives from the Latin word “Emovere” means to excite, stir   up.
1.   Motion
2.   Emotion
3.   Motivation
4.   Cognition.
 
4. _______________   was the first person who identify pupillometrics phenomenon.
1.   William James
2.   Wilhelm Wundt
3.   Lazarus
4.    Darwin
 
 5. According to___________ every emotional arousal has an opposite, i.e. When one type of emotion is elicited, and then there must be an opposite that is there to suppress or cancel it.
1.   Opponent process theory
2.   Activation theory
3.   Cognitive theory
4.   None of the above option
 
 
6. The branch of psychology that studies cognition, and related areas issues are called_____________.
1.   Forensic psychology
2.   Cognitive psychology
3.   Counseling psychology
4.   Clinical psychology.
 
7.__________________ is the universal forms and patterns of thought. These include themes that can be seen in myths e.g. masculinity, femininity, good and evil opposites.
1.   Ego
2.   Superego
3.   Unconscious
4.   Archetypes                               
 
 8. MMPI stands for _____________________________________.
 
 
1.   Minnesota Multiphasic Personal Inventory
2.   Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
3.   Minnesota Multiphasic Psychology Inventory
4.   None of the above options
 
9.s ________________ are the people who are quiet, passive and careful people.
1.   Extroverts
2.   Introverts
3.   Neurotics
4.   Stable.
 
10. ______________ is a Greek word which means forgetfulness.
    Amnesia
Dementia
Alzheimer’s disease
None of the above option.
 

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