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Spring 2014, Introduction to Psychology (PSY101), Assignment No. 02, Due Date: July 18, 2014, Marks: 15

SEMESTER Spring 2014
Introduction to Psychology (PSY101)
Assignment No. 02
Due Date: July 18, 2014 Marks: 15
ASSIGNMENT
Topic: Structure of Personality
Learning objectives:
Upon completion of this assignment, students will be able to;
· Understand the basic elements of Freudian psychology
· Understand which element of personality is operational in their life
Assignment:
Dear Students,
1. You are required to critically read the story that has been given below. In that story, three
elements of personality that were given by Sigmund Freud have been incorporated. Your
task is to identify which character of the story is depicting which structure of personality
as given by Freud e.g., id, ego, and superego. After the identification, you have to justify
your choices as well. The story is as follows:
Mr. and Mrs. Hamad had 4 children; Ali, Amna, Bushra and Ahad. Once they had to go to
another city for a wedding ceremony. The kids stayed behind with their grandmother as their
exams were going on at that time. At night, Ahad started to have a very strong craving for
something sweet to eat. At once he thought about the ice-cream that his mother had left in the
freezer thinking that if any sudden guests will come, she will serve it to them. She had forbidden
her kids from eating that ice-cream. However Ahad wanted to eat that ice-cream at any cost. So,
he went to the kitchen.
As he was about to open the ice-cream box, Ali and Amna came into the kitchen. When they saw
Ahad with the ice-cream, they were shocked. Ali came forward and scolded Ahad, saying “Ahad!
You should not be stealing. This is a very bad and dishonest act. How can your conscience be
satisfied after doing such an immoral act?” Ahad defended himself by saying, “I do not care
about what you think. I am having a very strong craving for sweet at this moment. So please
hand over the box to me.”
Amna, who was watching her brothers arguing, stepped forward and tried to mediate the
situation. She said to Ahad, “Dear Ahad! Please do not fight with your elder brother. If you are
having such a strong craving, then here! Take this candy from me. In this way, your craving will
be satisfied and you would not have to steal anything as well.”
Make sure to present your answers in tabular form! Marks will be deducted if table format
would not be followed.
Marking scheme:
1 mark for identification
2 marks for justification
2. What do you think which element of personality is most prominent in your case. In other
words, in your day to day dealing which element among id, ego and superego do you
use? Support your answer with at least two personal life examples. (3+3).
Note:
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Important Instructions:
Please read the following instructions carefully before attempting the assignment solution.
Deadline:
· Make sure that you upload the solution file before the due date. No assignment will be
accepted through e-mail once the solution has been uploaded by the instructor.
Formatting guidelines:
· Use the font style “Times New Roman”/ “Arial” and font size “12”.
· It is advised to compose your document in MS-Word 2003.
· Use black and blue font colors only.
Solution guidelines:
· Every student will work individually and has to write in the form of an analytical
assignment.
· Give the answer according to question.
· For acquiring the relevant knowledge don’t rely only on handouts but watch the video
lectures and use other reference books also.
Rules for Marking
Please note that your assignment will not be graded or graded as Zero (0) if:
· It has been submitted after due date
· The file you uploaded does not open or is corrupt
· It is in any format other than doc (MS. Word)
· It is cheated or copied from other students, internet, books, journals etc…

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Replies to This Discussion

we should have to make assignment in table form

like,

Name                   Identification                   Justification

ahad                          ___                              ___

amna                         ___                               ___

ali                             ___                               ___

how do you think about it?????

Plz Help Guys...

Plz Guys Discuss....... We need to sort it out

in this story Ahad has id personality

bcoz he has immediate gratification of need 2. Amna has ego personality bcoz she know need can be fullfill in a sociable and mannerable form
3. Ali has super ego bcoz he holds all internalize moral standards and sense of right and wrong

The ego deals with reality, trying to meet the desires of the id in a way that is socially acceptable in the world. This may mean delaying gratification, and helping to get rid of the tension the id feels if a desire is not met right away. e.g

At night, Ahad started to have a very strong craving for sid 
The id is driven by the pleasure principle, which strives for immediate gratification of all desires, wants, and needs. If these needs are not satisfied immediately, the result is a state anxiety or tension. For example, an increase in hunger or thirst should produce an immediate attempt to eat or drink.

“Ahad! You should not be stealing. This is a very bad and dishonest act. This is a very bad and dishonest act. How can your conscience be 
satisfied after doing such an immoral act?” 
The superego The superego is the aspect of personality that holds all of our internalized moral standards and ideals that we acquire from both parents and society--our sense of right and wrong. The superego provides guidelines for making judgments.

Amna, who was watching her brothers arguing, stepped forward and tried to mediate the situation. She said to Ahad, “Dear Ahad! Please do not fight with your elder brother. If you are 
having such a strong craving, then here! Take this candy from me. In this way, your craving will 
be satisfied and you would not have to steal anything as well.” The ego
The ego operates based on the reality principle, which strives to satisfy the id's desires in realistic and socially appropriate ways. The reality principle weighs the costs and benefits of an action before deciding to act upon or abandon impulses. In many cases, the id's impulses can be satisfied through a process of delayed gratification--the ego will eventually allow the behavior, but only in the appropriate time and place

Answer: 
According to Freud, the key to a healthy personality is a balance between the id, the ego, and the superego.

The id is the element of personality is most prominent in this case .the whole story start and base the id element of personality. And the Id element generates the other element of the personality.

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