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PSY404 Assignment No 02 Fall 2019 Solution & Discussion

PSY404 Abnormal Psychology Assignment 2 Solution & Discussion Fall 2019


The Genital stage Age Range: Puberty to Death Erogenous Zone: Mattering Sexual Interests The onset of puberty causes the libido to become active once again. During the trial stage of psychosexual development, the individual develops a strong sexual interest in the opposite sex this stage begins during puberty but last throughout the rest of a person life in given scenario San Is a 30 year old married and mother of two kids. Before clinging in appetite and daily life routine she take her responsibilities regularly. And take interest on her children’s husband as well as company work this psychosexual stage focus on individual needs. Interest in the welfare of other grows during this stage. The goal of this stage is to establish a balance between the various life areas unlike the many of the other stages of development, Freud believed that the ego and superego were fully formed and functioning at this point

Questions 1:

  • On the basis of the symptoms, what is the diagnosis of the case?
  • Which symptoms lead you to do this particular diagnosis? Enlist any five of them?
  • How this case will be differentially diagnosed from dysthymic disorder?
  • How this case will be differentially dignosed from Bipolar I disorder?

 

Questions 2:

"Women experience more depression then men Discuss your opinion about this statement and justify it with reasons and examples

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PSY404 Assignment 02 Solution Idea


SEMESTER FALL 2019 ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGYPSY 40-4)
ASSIGNMENT No.02
Read the given scenario carefully and then answer the below questions

The Genital stage Age Range: Puberty to Death Erogenous Zone: Mattering Sexual Interests The onset of puberty causes the libido to become active once again. During the trial stage of psychosexual development, the individual develops a strong sexual interest in the opposite sex this stage begins during puberty but last throughout the rest of a person life in given scenario San Is a 30 year old married and mother of two kids. Before clinging in appetite and daily life routine she take her responsibilities regularly. And take interest on her children’s husband as well as company work this psychosexual stage focus on individual needs. Interest in the welfare of other grows during this stage. The goal of this stage is to establish a balance between the various life areas unlike the many of the other stages of development, Freud believed that the ego and superego were fully formed and functioning at this point


Questions:
On the basis of the symptoms, what is the diagnosis of the case?

Answer:
On the basis of the symptoms, Sara suffers from Major depression is a mood disorder,

Major depression, also known as unipolar or major depressive disorder (MDD), is characterized by a persistent feeling of sadness or lack of interest in outside stimull

People with MDD have a normal mood baseline when they are not experiencing depression for a diagnosis of MDD, symptoms must at least two weeks

Symptoms of MDD:
Negative thinking with inability to see positive solutions. Agitation

Restlessness and inability to focus
Lashing out at loved ones irritability in sleeping patterns Weight loss or gain
Morbid. Suicidal thoughts.
Exhaustion and lethargy


. 2. Which symptoms lead you to do this particular diagnosis? Enlist any five of them?

Answer: These are the symptoms which lead me to do MDD dignosis

1. For last two weeks Sara tad been feeling restless most of the time during day. For diagnosis of MDD symptoms must at least two weeks

2. She experienced a sudden weight loss despite of no change in her diet plan In MED sympatries reduced appetite and weight loss or increased cravings for food and weight gain


3. She started showing a lack of interest in her daily life activities and did not show interest
In her kids daily He routine. In MDD symptoms Loss of interest or pleasure in motor all normal activities

4. Sleep disturbance also became a part of Sara's routine and due to improper sleep, she did not able to concentrate on her house chores and job responsibilities. Trouble thinking concentrating, making decisions, remembering things, tiredness and lack of energy are the part of MDD symptoms.

5- After receiving the warning by her boss and aggression by her husband, she experienced recurrent thoughts of suicide and wanted to end up her life. MDD patients have to suffer with frequent or recurrent thoughts of death, suicidal thoughts, suicide attempts or suicide


3. How this case will be differentially diagnosed from dysthymic disorder?
Answer:

Answer:
Dysthymia, known as persistent depressive disorder (PDD), is a chronic form of depression that's less severe than MDD, but lasts for years.

PDD is used to describe a person who experience clinically significant depression over a long period of time. The level of depression is usually not ever enough to meet criteria for MDD

Thus, one of the biggest differences between the two condition in their relationship to time:
People with MDD lave a normal mood baseline when they're not experiencing depression,
People with PDD experiencing depression all the time and don't remember - or know what it feels like not to be depressed.

Time is also consideration in diagnosing the two conditions

For a diagnosis of MDD, symptoms must at least al two weeks
For a diagnosis of PDD, symptoms must have been present for at least two years.


4 How this case will be differentially dignosed from Bipolar I disorder?


Answer:

Bipolar disorder is a serious condition that involves extreme changes in mood. There is an evidence to suggest that bipolar disorder has a patron of genetic Inheritance meaning that it can run in families. People usually develop bipolar disorder during adolescence or before age 40 years in adulthood, although some individuals may receive a diagnosis outside of this typical age range. The condition appears to last for life.

People with bipolar disorder tend to experience cycles of symptoms. A person with this condition may experience an episode of severe low mood, which may follow or precede and episode of feeling elated and extremely positive


These symptoms really include:

High mood, high energy
More goal-driven activity enhanced self-esteem.

Reduced sleep. being in table and becoming easily distracted

Talking more than usual and a rapid flow of speech and racing thoughts

Diagnosing either Bipolar 1 MDD is a challenging and may take some time. People with Bipolar disorder diagnosis will have had at least one main episode, but they might not ever have an episode of major depressive disorder. People with MDD do not experience any extreme, elevated feelings that doctors would classify as mania or hypomania..

Question No.02 "Women experience more depression then men Discuss your opinion about this statement and justify it with reasons and examples
Answer:

As noticed in recent women are twice as likely to experience major depression than man They are also up to three times more apt to suffer from anxiety disorder or attempt suicide The reason for these gender differences are not clear and some believe such statistics are Capgerated because females are more sensitive and therefore more likely to report such symptoms. On the other hand, variety of observations tend to confirm that these disparities are valid, such as the following loll dozen
Reasons

1. Hormonal differences are usually cited as the major explanation Compared to men, women experience much fluctuation in hormones levels that are associated with symptoms of depression. In addition to premenstrual dysphoric disorder, up to 15% experience postpartum depression Depression is so com during the menopause that Involutional melancholy Women are also more apt to suffer from hypothyroidism which is often associated with depression


2. Women have a stronger genetic predisposition for depression than mon based on
Identical and fraternal twin studies, as well as documented and detailed family history records


3. Women tend to be more evolved in personal relationships than men and sully more when they are disrupted. More married women and housewives have increasingly entered the workforce and find it difficult to juggle job and family responsibilities, such as caring for an elderly relative


4. Women live longer than men and extreme old age is often associated with bereavement loneliness, poor physical health and other factors that predispose to depression


5. Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD Syndrome is four time more common in women than man, and its incidence increase the further away you live from Equator


6. As will be explained in a subsequent blog career oriented single working women may be at particularly increased risk not only for anxiety, depression and heart disease, but also breast and ovarian cancer


Example:

The prevalence of major depression in higher in women than men. In 2010 its global annual prevalence was 5.596 and 3.2%, respectively, representing a 17-fold greater Incidence in Women In Canada, the prevalence was 5.0% in women and 29% in men in 2002 (1.7-fold greater incidence in women) and increased to 5,8% and 3,6% respectively, in 2012 (16-fold greater incidence in women).

Note: - We are not responsible for any mistake, this is for your idea or help, need to verify yourself.

#PSY404 GDB IDEA SOL 2019-20

Life is so dear to all of us but sometimes we came to know about people who end their lives by themselves. As being student of Psychology explain why people tend to indulge in that type of behavior. What are the causes and motives behind it? Justify with sound logical arguments and examples.

why people tend to indulge in that type of behavior.
What are the causes and motives behind it?

I) Physiological Motives:

a. Hunger motive:
We eat to live. The food we take is digested and nutritional substances are absorbed. The biochemical processes get their energy from the food in order to sustain life. When these substances are exhausted, some imbalancement exists.

We develop hunger motive in order to maintain homeostasis. This is indicated by contraction of stomach muscles causing some pain or discomfort called hunger pangs. Psychologists have demonstrated this phenomenon by experiments.

b. Thirst motive:
In our daily life regularly we take fluids in the form of water and other beverages. These fluids are essential for our body tissues for normal functioning. When the water level in the body decreases we develop motive to drink water.

Usually thirst motive is indicated by dryness of mouth. Experiments by psychologists have shown that just dried mouth getting wetted is not enough. We need to drink sufficient quantity of water to satiate our thirst.

c. Need for oxygen:
Our body needs oxygen continuously. We get it through continuous respiration. Oxygen is necessary for the purification of blood. We cannot survive without regular supply of oxygen. Lack of oxygen supply may lead to serious consequences like damage to brain or death.

d. Motive for regulation of body temperature:
Maintenance of normal body temperature (98.6°F or 37.0°C) is necessary. Rise or fall in the body temperature causes many problems. There are some automatic mechanisms to regulate body temperature, like sweating when the temperature rises above normal or, shivering when it falls below normal.

These changes motivate us to take necessary steps. For example, opening of windows, put on fans, take cool drinks, remove clothes, etc., when the temperature increases to above normal level; and closing doors and windows, wear sweaters, take hot beverages when temperature falls down. In this way we try to regulate the body temperature.

e. Need for sleep:
Sleep is an essential process for normal functioning of body and mind. When our body and mind are tired they need rest for rejuvenation of energy. It is observed that there is excess accumulation of a toxin called ‘Lactic acid’ when tired.

After sleep it disappears and the person becomes active. Sleep deprivation also leads to psychological problems like confusion, inability to concentrate, droopy eyelids, muscle tremors, etc.

f. Need for avoidance of pain:
No organism can continue to bear pain. Whenever we experience pain we try to avoid it. We are motivated to escape from painful stimulus. For example, when we are under hot sun we go to shade. When something is pinching we avoid it.

g. Drive for elimination of waste:
Our body cannot bear anything excess or anything waste. Excess water is sent out in the form of urine or sweat. So also digested food particles after absorption of nutritional substances are sent out in the form of stools. We experience discomfort until these wastes are eliminated.

h. Sex motive:
This is a biological motive, arises in the organism as a result of secretion of sex hormones-like and rogens and estrogens. Sex need is not essential for the survival of the individual, but it is essential for the survival of the species. However, fulfillment of the sex need is not like satisfying hunger or thirst.

The society and the law exercise certain codes of conduct. Human being has to adhere to these rules. Usually this need is fulfilled through marriage.

i. Maternal drive:
This is an instinct or an inborn tendency. Every normal woman aspires to become a mother. Psychologists have

Motivation, Emotion and Attitudinal Processes 123 learnt from related studies that, this is a most powerful drive. That is why in many cases the women who cannot bear children of their own, will sublimate that motive and satisfy it through socially acceptable ways, like working in orphan schools, baby sittings or adopting other’s children.

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