PSY409 Assignment No 01 Solution & Discussion Due Date: 13-11-2017
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MADE BY SANA KHAN
IDEA SOLUTION NOT COPY
SEMESTER FALL 2017
POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY (PSY409)
ASSIGNMENT No. 01
Due Date: November 13, 2017
After completing this assignment, student will be better able to understand broad and build theory of positive emotions and the construct of happiness as proposed by Seligman.
Question 01 (14) You have read about broad and build theory proposed by Fredrickson in 2000. Now, you need to produce this theory in your own words. While writing about the theory, you need to focus on two concepts: the specific action tendency concept and momentary thought-action repertoires.
TOPIC BROAD AND BUILD THEORY
HANDOUTS PAGE NUMBER 17
Positive Emotions Broaden Thought-Action Repertoires Foundational evidence for the proposition that positive emotions broaden people's momentary thought-action repertoires comes from two decades of experiments conducted by Isen and colleagues (for a review, see Isen, 2000). They have documented that people experiencing positive affect show patterns of thought that are notably unusual (Isen, Johnson, Mertz, & Robinson, 1985), flexible (Isen & Daubman, 1984), creative (Isen, Daubman, & Nowicki, 1987), integrative (Isen, Rosenzweig, & Young, 1991), open to information (Estrada, Isen, & Young, 1997), and efficient (Isen & Means, 1983; Isen et al., 1991). They have also shown that those experiencing positive affect show an increased preference for variety and accept a broader array of behavioral options (Kahn & Isen, 1993). In general terms, Isen has suggested that positive affect produces a “broad, flexible cognitive organization and ability to integrate diverse material” (Isen, 1990, p. 89), effects recently linked to increases in brain dopamine levels (Ashby, Isen, & Turken, 1999). So although Isen's work does not target specific positive emotions or thought-action tendencies per se, it provides the strongest evidence that positive affect broadens cognition.
Question 02 (6) Name three types of happiness proposed by Seligman.
The pleasant life (pleasure and positive emotion)
The good life (flow and engagement)
Meaningful life (meaning and purpose)
PSY409 Assignment No 01 Solution