PSY409 Positive Psychology Assignment 01 Fall 2020 Solution / Discussion
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SEMESTER FALL 2020
ASSIGNMENT No. 01
Due date: 8th-December-2020 Marks: 20
(Lecture 6 and 7)
This assignment has been designed to make students understand the applicability, importance, benefits and functions of positive emotions.
Positive emotions play an important role in an individual’s life. They help us in adaptation, problem solving, better performance, fighting with challenges and building positive environments. A document named “Chapter 3 (Authentic Happiness by Martin E. P. Seligman)” has been uploaded in DOWNLOADS section of VULMS of your course. Download it and read it thoroughly. After that, your task is to answer the given questions to the best of your understanding of positive emotions.
Q1: Discuss the case of Martin Seligman’s friend “Len” who struggled because he was at the low end of the spectrum of positive affectivity according to an assessment done on the PANAS scale. (10)
Q: Write down the researches quoted by Seligman in his book about effects of positive emotions on coping with adversity and undoing potential of positive emotions. (5+5=10)
SEMESTER FALL 2020
ASSIGNMENT No. 01
Q1: Discuss the case of Martin Seligman’s friend “Len” who struggled because he was at the
low end of the spectrum of positive affectivity according to an assessment done on the PANAS scale.
The most famous work of Martin Seligman is his research on the theory of learned helplessness. “Learned helplessness is a term specifying an organism learning to accept and endure unpleasant stimuli, and unwilling to avoid them, even when it is avoidable.”
Case of Martin Seligman’s friend “Len”Learned Helplessness
The most famous work of Martin Seligman is his research on the theory of learned helplessness.
“Learned helplessness is a term specifying an organism learning to accept and endure unpleasant stimuli, and unwilling to avoid them, even when it is avoidable.”
The idea behind the theory of learned helplessness is that animals can be conditioned to think that they have no control over the outcome of a situation that they are in—even when they actually do have the power to help themselves.
This occurs when they are repeatedly presented with an aversive stimulus that they can’t escape. The theory can also be applied to humans’ beings who think that they cannot change a situation and/or miss opportunities that make them feel helpless.
These people may be more likely to develop a mental illness such as clinical depression. These findings lead to a lot of other related studies that have helped psychologists understand the basis of depression (more about that here).
Seligman used his knowledge on learned helplessness by working with the military to increase the psychological health of soldiers and decrease the rates of soldiers suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder.
"Positive affect" refers to one's propensity to experience positive emotions and interact with others and with life's challenges in a positive way. Conversely, "negative affect" involves experiencing the world in a more negative way, feeling negative emotions and more negativity in relationships and surroundings.
Q NO 2;
Q: Write down the researches quoted by Seligman in his book about effects of positive
emotions on coping with adversity and undoing potential of positive emotions?
Positive psychology is concerned with eudaimonia, "the good life" or flourishing, living according to what holds the greatest value in life and other such factors that contribute the most to a well-lived and fulfilling life. While not attempting a strict definition of the good life, positive psychologists agree that one must live a happy, engaged, and meaningful life in order to experience "the good life.” Martin Seligman referred to "the good life" as "using your signature strengths every day to produce authentic happiness and abundant gratification.
Research in positive psychology, well-being, eudaimonia and happiness, and the theories of Diener, Ryff, Keyes and Seligman cover a broad range of topics including "the biological, personal, relational, institutional, cultural, and global dimensions of life." A meta-analysis on 49 studies in 2009 showed that Positive Psychology Interventions (PPI) produced improvements in well-being and lower depression levels, the PPIs studied included writing gratitude letters, learning optimistic thinking, replaying positive life experiences and socializing with others. In a later meta-analysis of 39 studies with 6,139 participants in 2012, the outcomes were positive. Three to six months after a PPI the effects for subjective well-being and psychological well-being were still significant. However, the positive effect was weaker than in the 2009 meta-analysis, the authors concluded that this was because they only used higher quality studies.