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Semester “Fall 2010”
“Introduction to Sociology (SOC101)”
Assignment No. 02                                             Marks: 20
Institution of family
Purpose of Assignment:
The purpose of giving you this assignment:
• To present the problem to be researched and its importance.
• To enhance your practical learning of the subject.
• To suggest that how the data will be gathered, treated and interpreted.
You are required to choose a  Family of your choice to complete your
1. Select a family (joint or extended)
Things to consider when choosing a family to prepare your report:
• Mention the name of family you have visited. 
• Choose a family which is in your access.
• Analyze your information keeping in mind its relevance with sociology and
use sociological terms while interpreting the data.
• Avoid selecting any family that you cannot easily gather information on. 
• In general, you must discuss your assignment related problems through e-
mail at SOC101@vu.edu.pk.
2. Conduct basic factual research on the family.
Focus on the following while conducting the research:
You should conduct qualitative research (collect data) on the following
•  Type of family (brief explanation)
•  Interaction patterns of family  •  Marriage practices followed by specific family 
•  Primary and secondary group affiliations 
•  Ways of communication
•  Cultural patterns
•  Gender role socialization 
•  Social mobility of particular family 
You can gather such information in many ways: 
Contact the family directly or contact some reliable person to get information from
family members. (Note: Be aware that family personnel are often busy and might
not have time to answer all your questions. Be respectful of their time.) 
Write a brief report (that summarizes your experience and your assessment of
the information. 
The final documentation of report must consist of following chapters;
Title Page
Table of contents
Abstract: write a brief summary of your report writing into 200-250 words. 
1) Introduction
In this part, a brief and comprehensive introduction to the topic under study is
given. It includes the background of your study.
2) General findings of the study
3) Analysis of results 
4) conclusions 
5) Appendices/References 
Marking details: 
Introduction of the family       = 03 marks 
General findings of the study                                                              = 05 marks 
Analysis & Interpretation                                                                    = 05 marks 
Conclusion                               = 05 marks  Referencing                                                                =02 marks




For Complete assignment See the attached file please...

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SOC101 Assignment helping material



Family, a basic unit of social structure, the exact definition of which can vary greatly from time to time and from culture to culture. How a society defines family as a primary group, and the functions it asks families to perform, are by no means constant. There has been much recent discussion of the nuclear family, which consists only of parents and children, but the nuclear family is by no means universal. In the United States, the percentage of households consisting of a nuclear family declined from 45% in 1960 to 23.5% in 2000. In preindustrial societies, the ties of kinship bind the individual both to the family of orientation, into which one is born, and to the family of procreation, which one founds at marriage and which often includes one's spouse's relatives. The nuclear family also may be extended through the acquisition of more than one spouse (polygamy and polygyny), or through the common residence of two or more married couples and their children or of several generations connected in the male or female line. This is called the extended family; it is widespread in many parts of the world, by no means exclusively in pastoral and agricultural economies. The primary functions of the family are reproductive, economic, social, and educational; it is through kin—itself variously defined—that the child first absorbs the culture of his group.


Because it is a social phenomenon, the family changes with the development of the economic basis of society. At the same time, the forms of the family develop relatively independently.

A communication approach to families reflects the belief that communication is “transactional,” which means that interpersonal communication mutually impacts each participant. Thus, in communicative relationships, participants affect and are affected simultaneously by the others. As two people interact, each creates a context for the other and relates to the other within that context. It does not matter how much more talking one person appears to do; the mutual impact remains the same. Within these views, relationships take precedence over individuals.

A communication perspective focuses on the interaction between two or more persons and the patterns which emerge as they interact over time. From a "family systems" perspective, it is nonproductive to analyze each individual separately. Each individual communicates within an interpersonal context, and each communication act reflects the nature of those relationships


Age at marriage and life expectancy were two important variables influencing household structure. Early marriage permitted a longer cycle of fertility than marrying late. Late marriage for women, from the mid to late twenties, was a means of restricting the number of births per household. Late marriage for men may or may not have affected the household's fertility cycle. It did, however, impinge upon the number of years fathers would be available to their children. The same was true for mothers. In fact one or both parents could be expected to die during the child's lifetime during the early modern period, creating the potential for economic hardship. There was a large percentage of ORPHANS, many of whom were farmed out to other families as servants, laborers, or apprentices.


Part A A primary group is basically those who really get to see who you are and what you are about. With a primary group the people involved get to see many sides of you and more personal things about you are exposed. Examples of a primary group would be your family, close friends, peer groups, neighborhood circles, social clubs, and other things such as those. Another thing about primary groups is that the relationships in these groups are usually long lasting. With a secondary group, those are the people who only know just very basic things about you. The relationships are very practical and simple and little personal information is shared. These relationships are short termed usually, .

Individuals almost universally have a bond toward what sociologists call reference groups. These are groups to which the individual conceptually relates him/herself, and from which he/she adopts goals and values as a part of his/her self identity.


It is my personal belief that in the big picture of things and from the perspective of sustainable use of nature's resources, human endeavors and activities that promote and make use of inter-dependence, co-operation at the level of family, neighborhood, community, sate, nation and global is in conforming with nature and results in more gains (economic, social and environmental) than losses in the long run. Knowing that human life span is on the increase and we are going to be inhabiting this planet for longer than we used to, it makes sense in trying to do things that are beneficial over the long run. And of course, that will also ensure that future generations are able to lead a life of prosperity.

I also believe that having experimented with 'nuclear families' and having experienced its drawbacks, we are capable of developing a model that draws on the benefits of 'nuclear family' and 'joint family'. We might even be forced to do so when resources become more and more scarce with passage of time. We will certainly do it when our survival is at stake.

Open and Honest Communication.
Family members need to communicate openly and honestly with one another. The elders in the family must encourage and create an environment conducive to open communication. In the absence of such an environment, family members can feel repressed and suppressed that can lead to discontentment. Non-judgmental listening and demonstrating mutual trust are necessary to help family members open up to one another.

Mutual Love and Respect
One of the major reasons why my generation was desperate to break out of the joint family was the attitude of the older generation to impose their views and thoughts on us. In some families the father's word would be the final word and nobody could dare say or do anything against it. Such an autocratic style of leading a family leads to repression and suppression giving 


In Pakistan, the joint family system is quite usually found. Joint family usually comprises father, mother, children, grand father and mother, and they live together with their people in the same family unit. Moreover, the governing male of the house will play a significant role with respect to the well-being of his family unit. Also, they give a good care and take the responsibility to guard their grandparents. Above all, they respect their folks and grandparents! People in Pakistan dearly follow the joint family system and live their life along with their folks.

Conversely in the recent years, urbanization has directed to the alterations and amendments in the existing family system, in larger cities. Moreover, the realism of urbanization will make the social units living together to get less exerted and large nuclear group. This method of practice will commonly be practiced and determined in developing countries. As known well that Karachi is the biggest city in Pakistan, the city has observed and on-looked the most avid impingement of urbanization. Also, people can clearly get to know and study the comparable variations in the family system.

People in Pakistan are greatly trilingual and most of the people living here are Muslims. They give much respect to their customs and traditions and they closely follow the worth-taking family values. You could see most people living as joint family group along with their people and folks, whereas some other group of people lives as nuclear family. People living as nuclear family will take care of their spouse and offspring.


Gender has several definitions. It usually refers to a set of characteristics that are either seen to distinguish between male and female, one's biological sex, or one's gender identity. Gender identity is the gender(s), or lack thereof, a person self-identifies as; it is not necessarily based on biological sex, either real or perceived, nor is it always based on sexual orientation. There are two main genders: masculine (male), or feminine (female), although in some cultures there are more genders. "Androgyny" has been proposed as a third gender.[2] Some ancient tribes have more than five human genders,[citation needed] and some non-Western societies have three human genders – man, woman and third gender. Gender roles refer to the set of attitudes and behaviors socially expected from the members of a particular gender identity. Gender roles are socially constructed which are often politicized and manipulated, which then result in the oppression of people.

The role of socialization in gender role development is still up for debate, although many now make the distinction between the gender role being socialized and something malleable, whereas gender or sex is biologically determined.

A person's gender role comprises several elements that can be expressed through clothing, behavior, occupation, personal relationships, and other factors. These elements are not fixed and have changed through time (for example, women's trousers). Gender roles traditionally were often divided into distinct feminine and masculine gender roles, until especially the twentieth century, when these roles diversified into many different acceptable male or female roles in modernized countries throughout the world. Thus, in many modern societies one's biological gender no longer determines the functions that an individual can perform, allowing greater freedom and opportunity for all people to express their individual talents and interests.

Within the family in modern societies, there remains considerable flux over gender roles, including the emergence of the "working mother" and the "stay-at-home" father, which run opposite to previous generations' expectations. Yet, many families retain a more traditional structure, with their children maintaining the traditional gender roles. Such occurrence offers little in the debate over whether gender roles can be socialized without any limit, since socialization influences within the family, extended family, and local community could have prevailed over the alternatives offered by the mass media and wider society.


thank tariq bahi sahre the idea solution!!!

In general findings...you have to write your general observation on that family...dats it...jo b key characteristica ap ne gather kye abt the family you have choosen.... wo mention krnay hain


Someone was asking me on chat..main us waqt bz thi...sobia thin shayaad...hope its clr now sobiaa:)

thx so much muslimah :)
plz koi soc101 ki 2nd assignment ka complte solution snd kr de, report k baray me.


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