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Assignment # 02

Introduction to Sociology (SOC101)

 

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This is to inform that Assignment No. 2 will be opened on December 02, 2015 and due date of assignment submission will be December 07, 2015.

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Effects of Media on Society

Almost every day of our lives we are exposed to the media in at least one form or another. Television shows, magazines, newspapers, radiobroadcasts, videogames, books, and the internet are all different outlets of media— produced and published images and ideas that are circulated and communicated around communities, nations, and the world. How often do we stop and reflect on how these images and ideas shape us or if they even affect us at all? An article by an aliased blogger, “Media and How It Affects Culture”, claims that we as a “mature and healthy culture” will not be affected by different notions displayed in the media—that the media is a reflection of society already (MJFANDE). In response to this claim, what the author fails to acknowledge is that the illustrations seen on television, in video games, and other media outlets are not reflections of society in the real world, but reflections of the human imagination designed to entertain, inform, and in some cases influence. The outrageous amounts of violence and vulgarity I have seen on television have not ever been condoned in a real world arena, yet these negative actions occur at an increased rate, proportionate to the availability of access to media. Is it completely fair to say that the increased amounts of violence in schools have no relation to the increased amounts of violence depicted in videogames and television? Also, is it rational to suggest that the thousands of anorexic women and even more women who deal with body image based depression have no connection to the fact that almost every successful female figure depicted on magazine covers and in movies are in pristine physical shape and often depicted in a sexualized context. It is clear that mass media has a hand in creating and popularizing toxic culture in these aspects and among others. In this piece I will use these examples to demonstrate how media has a direct and significant influence on individuals and society as a whole, and why it is important to address the threat it poses.

Children and The Media

The most susceptible members of society to the influence of media are children. The extraordinary availability of access to media in today’s day and age has created this fact increasingly more relevant. A research review published by the American Association of Pediatrics stated,” Youth spend an average of greater than 7 hours per day using media, and the vast majority of them have access to a bedroom television, computer, the Internet, a video-game console, and a cell phone.” The review goes on to say, ”According to social learning theory, children and adolescents learn by observing and imitating what they see on the screen, particularly when these behaviors seem realistic or are rewarded ” (Strasburger). Apparently, children are being bombarded with increasingly more media content as technology progresses, and this media content has a direct influence on the mental and physical progression. Therefore, media, such as video games and television, can promote violent characteristics in children. According to the AAP review, “Researchers believe that repeated exposure to mediated violence can lead to anxiety and fear, acceptance of violence as an appropriate means of solving conflict, and desensitization, with resulting increases in aggression and decreases in altruism” (Strasburger). This research underlines the fact that media has a direct effect on society that can result in significantly adverse effects, specifically the mental and physical harm of children. Clearly we are not the “mature society” that the author of “Media and How It Affects Culture” proclaims that we are or should be, simply because our society contains the immature minds of the youth. We cannot expect adolescents to have the same discernment of what is appropriate action as an adult. What kind of people can we expect children exposed to this type of content to grow up to be? I very much doubt that many will mature into the modern day Thomas Edisons, Martin Luther King Jr.s, and Dorothea Langes, the great and responsible adults we require to become a better society. Something has to be done to prevent the social and physical crippling of our children from becoming an increased problem in the future.

Women In The Media

Not only should we consider the wellbeing of future generations but also that of our perspective of the female. Women are also the potential victims of media’s influence over society. The portrayal of women as sexual figures in popular culture is also a threat to the well-being of our society. Frequently women are depicted or portrayed in some form of sexual representation. This portrayal has created a standard for the ideal female image that women are compared to by themselves or others. The American Psychological Association released a research report that claims that the sexualized images of women in media serve as “models of femininity” for females, especially young girls who are still developing their sense of self (Report). Young girls exposed to these models may face future problems in mental and sexual development. The APA report states, “Research also links exposure to sexualized female ideals with lower self-esteem, negative mood and depressive symptoms among adolescent girls and women” (Report). Media implies the notion that one of the primary roles of females is as a sexual object no matter what field of life they play on. This idea is demeaning and impractical when observing the standard for the ideal woman that the media suggests. It is not surprising to find that women can feel inadequate when compared to it. This perspective that society holds for women will only become more diluted the longer nothing is done to counteract the influence of the media.

Time To Take Action

From news programs and television shows, to radiobroadcast and magazines, each form of media serves some purpose to entertain or inform, but these intentions have produced negative images that hold sway on the development of the minds of individuals and ultimately the development of society. Media creation of toxic culture, vulgar and negative conduct that is and should not be condoned in the real world, will only increase if we neglect to show interest in this matter. The wide promotion of the idea that media does not stand as the model for our culture is the type of action that needs to take place. The simple popularization of this concept is a small yet effective step in counteracting the influence of the media. For example, the Charlotte Observer recently released an article concerning a youth foundation doing just that. Jimmeka Anderson, human development major and founder of I AM not the MEdia, explains how her battle with her own physical identity led her realize she wanted to reach the many teens who struggle with the same issues (Reubens). Her workshops, reaching over 700 teens, focus on five categories including body image, sex and healthy relationships, teens and consumers, education versus entertainment, and teen violence and bullying. In the article, Anderson states “Most girls try to change themselves just to fit in … and this program teaches you it’s OK to be yourself, and it’s not healthy to change yourself.”

What You Can Do

Though they stand as good practices, the creation of a youth foundation or the enlistment of children in some sort of social education class are not the only means of counteracting the influence of media on society. What it does require is parents teaching children to discern what content they see or hear in the media is appropriate conduct, responsibility taken by media networks to better censor or choose different programming, and the general realization that the things we see on television, hear on the radio, and read in magazines serve the purpose of entertaining or informing. These are the actions of a mature society—a society that understands that the influence of the content of our media will result in horrible repercussions if allowed to continue as unchecked as it has been.

Social Media and Society: The Good, The Bad and The Ugly

Social media sites have taken over our lives. It’s hard to even imagine that 10 years ago there was no Facebook or Twitter! 15 years ago people were actually waitingto hear from each other because even email wasn’t that common.

Facebook Secret MessageHow did social media actually influenced our life and the society in general? In my opinion (and I am an early adopter) it has had a positive impact. I am all for the widening of the world we live in, and easy communication around the world.

Social media has definitely made us closer to other parts of the world – as someone who used to do the worldwide business from Ukraine, I am the one who can totally appreciate it!

It doesn’t mean I don’t see the back side of the coin. I do know the cons along with the pros…

The Good

Customers Social

First, we have the obvious: communication. We are living in a time where the world is open to us. We can contact anyone around the world, at any time, with just a few keystrokes. It is free, unlike calling across the ocean, and live. We can also share elements of our life, from what we enjoy to photos of ourselves and those in our lives. It is like being a part of that person’s world, even though distance keeps you apart.

We also have the communication between people and businesses. Since they have paved a new way for interaction between the two, customers can now tell brands exactly what they want. Businesses can then use that information to tailor their products of more appeal. They used to have to spend a ton of cash for this kind of marketing data. Customers used to have to spend hours on phones getting more and more frustrated when they had a problem or complaint.

There are also causes and information. Social media has made it possible for like minded individuals to discuss important topics, widen their personal knowledge and discover things they never knew before. For example, young people around the world are now more involved than ever in their country’s politics. The last presidential elections in the US are proof of that. Social media has contributed to that increase in a big way.

Non-profits are seeing the benefits of using social media for their awareness campaigns. Sites like Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and others are a cost effective means of spreading the word and getting support. Not to mention socially shared petitions from sites like Causes.org, reaching hundreds of thousands of people.

There is no doubt that there are many reasons to love social media.

The Bad

On the phone

But not all consequences of this technology are good ones. Like the way it has allowed us to hide behind screens and limited our social interaction face to face. You get the feeling of being social without having to go out and socialize. In the same vein, it gives you the feeling of being a friend (or having friends) without having to put in any actual work to build the relationship. Just think of how many people you have on your Facebook friends list. How many of them do you see on a semi-regular basis? At all?

Then we have the issue of how it has taken over our lives. I hate being out in public and seeing people on their phones. Seeing them talking never bothered me as long as they weren’t being obnoxious. Nor does sending off a quick text bug me; maybe they are meeting someone and telling them where they are, or something. It is the obvious Facebooking or tweeting or whatever else that keeps people’s eyes glued to their phones.

I never check social media sites when I am out doing something. Whether it is grocery shopping, getting dinner with friends or waiting in line, it is just so impolite. It also shows a serious problem with distraction in today’s society. We can’t enjoy the world around us for an hour without retreating back into that safe little digital box.

Productivity is pretty much shot thanks to social media, as well. Admit it, you check your profiles during work, or find yourself wandering over to YouTube or your favorite blog during work hours. Here is a fun little game: every time you get distracted by a social media site, make a little strike on a piece of paper. At the end of the day, count all the strikes and feel your heart drop into your stomach as you try to estimate how much time wasted it represents.

The Ugly

Lamebook

Some of what social media has done isn’t just ‘bad’, it is flat out ‘ugly’. Like the number of relationships that have been broken up over social networks. Now, don’t misunderstand me, I am not saying that Facebook is to blame for this. It is just a tool that has seemed to make it easier to cheat, or to do things that cross a boundary in your relationship. Like flirty PM’s with that high school sweetheart you haven’t seen since graduation. Or much more blatant infidelities that are sure to be caught the first time you forget to log out of the computer you share with your spouse.

Then there are the sheer number of stupid, vain people on Facebook. Yeah, it seems a little mean to point out. But I bet you are thinking of at least one person who would fit into one (or both) of these categories.

Each status message is a flat-out attention whoring sob fest, usually vague. Or way TMI about their struggling relationship with someone they should have dumped six months ago. Let’s not forget the badly spelled, grammatical nightmares that you would need a magic decoder ring that translated moron into English to read. If you want proof that this kind of thing is spreading, as is the self-centered douchebaggery that most of us try to keep out of our lives, check out Lamebooksometime.

Conclusion

I think that the effects of social media have been somewhat balanced, to be honest. There are many good things about it, and many bad things. In the end, if you can keep your own life centered in reality and use social networking as a small part of it, you should be just fine.

For those who can’t, it might be time to turn off the computer for a bit and go for a walk.

thank you so much

SOC101 assigment no 2 solution

Question no 1
1: Use parent-child and sibling relationships. Research has shown that warm, trusting family relationships lay the roundwork for healthy social development in children. Use the ups and downs of family interactions to teach important social lessons.
2 Get to know your child’s friends. Offering to facilitate social encounters for your child or teen can provide natural opportunities to get to know his or her friends. You don’t need to overstay your welcome--moments in the car, in a restaurant, or at an amusement park can really add up.
3; Listen first, talk later. Listen to your child’s complaints about his or her peers with genuine interest, and resist giving advice before your child feels understood. Knowing how to handle teasing or rejection doesn’t necessarily make children feel better. Being heard and understood just might.
4; Praise, praise, praise. Go out of your way to praise your child’s treatment of others. Statements like, “I love the way you kept calm when your sister was yelling at you,” or, “It was nice how you invited Jake to the movie,” actively reinforce your child’s respect and caring for others
5;Explore a variety of social settings. Trouble connecting with schoolmates is often due to a mismatch of personalities or interests. Introducing your child to new and varied social circles like team sports, clubs, or youth groups may provide for a better social “fit.
6;Encourage creative, constructive activities. Avoid toys and games that encourage aggressive play, such as wrestling, toy guns or swords, or play fighting. These activities are not always problematic, but children with impulse control issues can carry things too far or have a hard time calming down.
7;Praise preemptively. Frequently praise your child for asking first, for keeping hands to self, or for taking turns before disruptive behavior occurs.
8; Encourage creative, constructive activities. Avoid toys and games that encourage aggressive play, such as wrestling, toy guns or swords, or play fighting. These activities are not always problematic, but children with impulse control issues can carry things too far or have a hard time calming down.
9; Provide care and support by tuning into children’s needs. Show you are willing to listen and take children’s feelings into consideration
10; Ask questions that encourage children to put themselves in someone else’s shoes. Questions like “How would you feel if …?” help children learn skills for perspective-taking. Asking questions in a supportive way helps children to think through situations and encourages them to take others’ feelings and perspectives into account.
11;Discuss moral issues with children and encourage them to state their opinions and reasons.
12;Make sure that their child has games and sports equipment at home that require at least 2 players.
13;9. Regularly observe their child playing and interacting with peers. Take note of any problematic situations or any poor social skills they display. Point out constructively to their child what they noticed them do in the situation, what the effects were (on their dynamic with others), and what they could do differently in the same situation. Role play with them to practice.
14; Limit the time after school that the student can watch TV, play video games, or play on the Internet.
15; Talk with other parents about getting families together or having the children get together.









Question no 2
Culture is the essential part of the human's society. Every person is spending his or her life within a certain cultural community. It frequently defines what kinds of person a man or woman is and what values will they have. Does the cultural environment have a direct effect on the values within a community for anthropology, psychology and sociology? Let us discuss this topic step by step.
To understand it better, we can at first define what the cultural environment is and what influence it has on people within it. The very nature of the cultural environment is cultural and social aspects. It is could also be called "a social context" and sometimes "milieu". It is a culture of a society or a group where a certain person is living or getting an education; it is institutions and people who interact with a certain human. By interaction we can mean not only different types of personal communication (like on a workplace, in class, with neighbors etc.); people could also communicate with each other by means of different communicational media (like phone, internet, newspapers, television etc). In spite of non - personal type of the communication, people whom a man or a woman meets in internet can have an influence on his or her values and point of view. Also television and other mass media form our perception of life and other people little by little. This type of interaction we can call one - way or anonymous. It does not always imply the equality of the social status. Thus, the concept of a social environment is wider that the concept of a social circle or a social class. Nevertheless, it is common that those people who have the same social environment start having a sense of solidarity. They easily help and trust each other; also they tend to create a social group. As a result, those people will always have a similar way of thinking and similar patterns even if they make different conclusions.

thank you so much

Question no 1

1: Use parent-child and sibling relationships. Research has shown that warm, trusting family relationships lay the roundwork for healthy social development in children. Use the ups and downs of family interactions to teach important social lessons.

2 Get to know your child’s friends. Offering to facilitate social encounters for your child or teen can provide natural opportunities to get to know his or her friends. You don’t need to overstay your welcome--moments in the car, in a restaurant, or at an amusement park can really add up.

3; Listen first, talk later. Listen to your child’s complaints about his or her peers with genuine interest, and resist giving advice before your child feels understood. Knowing how to handle teasing or rejection doesn’t necessarily make children feel better. Being heard and understood just might.

4; Praise, praise, praise. Go out of your way to praise your child’s treatment of others. Statements like, “I love the way you kept calm when your sister was yelling at you,” or, “It was nice how you invited Jake to the movie,” actively reinforce your child’s respect and caring for others

5;Explore a variety of social settings. Trouble connecting with schoolmates is often due to a mismatch of personalities or interests. Introducing your child to new and varied social circles like team sports, clubs, or youth groups may provide for a better social “fit.

6;Encourage creative, constructive activities. Avoid toys and games that encourage aggressive play, such as wrestling, toy guns or swords, or play fighting. These activities are not always problematic, but children with impulse control issues can carry things too far or have a hard time calming down.

7;Praise preemptively. Frequently praise your child for asking first, for keeping hands to self, or for taking turns before disruptive behavior occurs.

8; Encourage creative, constructive activities. Avoid toys and games that encourage aggressive play, such as wrestling, toy guns or swords, or play fighting. These activities are not always problematic, but children with impulse control issues can carry things too far or have a hard time calming down.

9; Provide care and support by tuning into children’s needs. Show you are willing to listen and take children’s feelings into consideration

10; Ask questions that encourage children to put themselves in someone else’s shoes. Questions like “How would you feel if …?” help children learn skills for perspective-taking. Asking questions in a supportive way helps children to think through situations and encourages them to take others’ feelings and perspectives into account.

11;Discuss moral issues with children and encourage them to state their opinions and reasons.

12;Make sure that their child has games and sports equipment at home that require at least 2 players.

13;9. Regularly observe their child playing and interacting with peers. Take note of any problematic situations or any poor social skills they display. Point out constructively to their child what they noticed them do in the situation, what the effects were (on their dynamic with others), and what they could do differently in the same situation. Role play with them to practice.

14; Limit the time after school that the student can watch TV, play video games, or play on the Internet.

15; Talk with other parents about getting families together or having the children get together.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question no 2

Culture is the essential part of the human's society. Every person is spending his or her life within a certain cultural community. It frequently defines what kinds of person a man or woman is and what values will they have. Does the cultural environment have a direct effect on the values within a community for anthropology, psychology and sociology? Let us discuss this topic step by step.

To understand it better, we can at first define what the cultural environment is and what influence it has on people within it. The very nature of the cultural environment is cultural and social aspects. It is could also be called "a social context" and sometimes "milieu". It is a culture of a society or a group where a certain person is living or getting an education; it is institutions and people who interact with a certain human. By interaction we can mean not only different types of personal communication (like on a workplace, in class, with neighbors etc.); people could also communicate with each other by means of different communicational media (like phone, internet, newspapers, television etc). In spite of non - personal type of the communication, people whom a man or a woman meets in internet can have an influence on his or her values and point of view. Also television and other mass media form our perception of life and other people little by little. This type of interaction we can call one - way or anonymous. It does not always imply the equality of the social status. Thus, the concept of a social environment is wider that the concept of a social circle or a social class. Nevertheless, it is common that those people who have the same social environment start having a sense of solidarity. They easily help and trust each other; also they tend to create a social group. As a result, those people will always have a similar way of thinking and similar patterns even if they make different conclusions.

thanks

SOC101-Assignmetn_Idea-Solution

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