A film, also called a movie, motion picture or photo-play, is a series of still images which, when shown on a screen, creates the illusion of moving images due to the phi phenomenon
A film, also called a movie, motion picture or photo-play, is a series of still images which, when shown on a screen, creates the illusion of moving images due to the phi phenomenon.
This optical illusion causes the audience to perceive continuous motion between separate objects viewed rapidly in succession. A film is created by photographing actual scenes with a picture camera; by photographing drawings or miniature models using traditional animation techniques; by means of CGI and computer animation; or by a combination of some or all of these techniques and other visual effects. The word "cinema" is often used to refer to the industry of films and film making or to the art of film making itself. The contemporary definition of cinema is the art of simulating experiences to communicate ideas, stories, perceptions, feelings, beauty or atmosphere by the means of recorded or programmed moving images along with other sensory stimulation.
The individual images that make up a film are called frames. During projection of traditional films, a rotating shutter causes intervals of darkness as each frame in turn is moved into position to be projected, but the viewer does not notice the interruptions because of an effect known as persistence of vision , whereby the eye retains a visual image for a fraction of a second after the source has been removed. The perception of motion is due to a psychological effect called phi phenomenon.
The name "film" originates from the fact that photographic film (also called film stock ) has historically been the medium for recording and displaying motion pictures. Many other terms exist for an individual motion picture, including picture, picture show, moving picture, photo-play and flick.
The most common term in the United States is movie, while in Europe film is preferred. Terms for the field in general include the big screen,the silver screen, the movies and cinema; the latter is commonly used in scholarly texts and critical essays, especially by European writers. In early years, the word sheet was sometimes used instead of screen.
In the mid-19th century, inventions such as the phenakistoscope and zoetrope demonstrated that a carefully designed sequence of drawings, showing phases of the changing appearance of objects in motion, would appear to show the objects actually moving if they were displayed one after the other at a sufficiently rapid rate.
These devices relied on the phenomenon of persistence of vision to make the display appear continuous even though the observer's view was actually blocked as each drawing rotated into the location where its predecessor had just been glimpsed. Each sequence was limited to a small number of drawings, usually twelve, so it could only show endlessly repeating cyclical motions. By the late 1880s, the last major device of this type, had been elaborated into a form that employed a long coiled band containing hundreds of images painted on glass and used the elements of a magic lantern to project them onto a screen.
The making and showing of motion pictures became a source of profit almost as soon as the process was invented. Upon seeing how successful their new invention, and its product, was in their native France, the Lumiere quickly set about touring the Continent to exhibit the first films privately to royalty and publicly to the masses. In each country, they would normally add new, local scenes to their catalog and, quickly enough, found local entrepreneurs in the various countries of Europe to buy their equipment and photograph, export, import and screen additional product commercially.
what is film and movies?
The word "film" is actually undergoing an evolution at the moment, which makes it quite an interesting word. From a technical point of view, film is a format. By that I mean film is the actual material that a movie is recorded to in production and projected from in a cinema. Over the last fifteen years there has been an explosion of new digital technology entering the movie production process. So, although most cinema movies are still shot and projected on 35mm film, this is no longer universally true. And, there is a growing trend in cinema projection away from showing a movies film and projecting digitallyIt's important to understand this technical revolution, because although film as a format is in decline, the usage of the word "film" is changing. So, for instance, these days even amongst movie professionals it would be fairly common to hear a conversation that went "We're shooting a short film at the weekend" "What are you shooting it on?" "We're shooting High Def, but we can't decide between the Sony and
the Panasonic."There is another modern trend which is also bringing the terms "movie" and "film" closer together in terms of meaning, that is Google. These days a great deal of writing is done online about "cinema" and "movies" and "film"... this means that writer wishing to attract readers have to make the assumption that people will google either "film making for beginners" or "movie making for beginners" in as their request. As a result of this, it's now common for writers to use both terms within their piece, in order to cater for both kinds of searches.In terms of how the two words differ in usage, I know that I tend to use the word "movie" to mean a feature film (a piece of drama or documentary intended for cinema release which runs at about 90 minutes - even though the technical definition of a feature is anything that runs over 45 minutes). Whereas "film" seems to be used in a much more liberal way and applied to "short films" etc etc. However, with that said, I don't think that is a universal usage.