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The Virtues and Importance of Jumu'ah Salaat
Jumu'ah salaat is fard-e-ayn . It has been established from the Quran, Hadith and the consensus of the ummah. It is one of the most salient
features of Islam. The person who rejects jumu'ah salaat is a kaafir. The
one who misses it without any valid excuse is a faasiq.
1 . Allah Ta'ala says in the Quran:
Translation : "O you who believe! When the call for jumu'ah salaat is made, hasten towards the remembrance of Allah Ta'ala and leave all transactions. This is best for you if only you know . "
In this verse, "remembrance" refers to the jumu'ah salaat and khutbah. "Hasten" means that one should go with great concern and care.
2 . Rasulullah (Allah bless him & give him peace) said: "The person who has a bath on Friday, purifies himself as far as possible, applies oil to his hair,
applies perfume, leaves for the musjid, when he arrives at the musjid he does
not sit down by removing anyone from his place, offers as many nafl salaats
as possible, when the imam delivers the khutbah he remains silent
- then his sins from the previous jumu'ah till now will be forgiven. " (Bukhari)
3 . Rasulullah (Allah bless him & give him peace) said: "The person who has a bath on Friday and goes early to the musjid on foot, and not by a vehicle,
listens to the khutbahand does not do any foolish act while it is being
delivered, will get the reward of one year's ibaadah, one year's fasting,
and one year's salaat; for every step that he takes. " (Tirmidhi)
4 . Hadrat Ibn Umar and Abu Hurayrah radiallahu anhuma narrate that they heard Rasulullah (Allah bless him & give him peace) saying: "People should abstain from
leaving out jumu'ah salaat If not, Allah Ta'ala will put a seal over their hearts
whereby they will fall into severe negligence. " (Muslim)
5 . Rasulullah (Allah bless him & give him peace) said: "The person who misses out three jumu'ah's without any valid reason, Allah Ta'ala puts a seal over his
heart. " (Tirmidhi) In another narration it is mentioned that Allah Ta'ala becomes
displeased with him.
6 . Taariq bin Shihaab radiallahu anhu narrates that Rasulullah (Allah bless him & give him peace) said: "The jumu'ah salaat with jama'at is a duty which is
wajib on every Muslim with the exception of the following four persons:
(i) a slave, that is the one who is owned by someone according to the rules
laid down by the Shariah, (ii) a woman, (iii) an immature boy, (iv) a
sick person. " (Abu Daud)
7 . Ibn Umar radiallahuanhu narrates that Rasulullah (Allah blesshim & give him peace) said the following in regard to those who leave out jumu'ah: "It
is my earnest desire that I appoint someone as imam in my place while
I go and burn the homes of those who do not attend the jumu'ah salaat. " (Muslim)
A similar Hadith has also been related with regard to leaving out jama'at. We
have mentioned this Hadith previously.
8 . Ibn Abbas radiallahuanhu narrates that Rasulullah (Allah blesshim & give him peace) said: "The person who leaves out jumu'ah salaat without a valid reason
is written down as a hypocrite in a book that is absolutely protected from any
changes and modifications. " (Mishkaat) In other words, he will be labelled as
a hypocrite forever. However, if he repents or Allah forgives him solely out
of His mercy, then this is another matter.
9 . Hadrat Jaabir radiallahuanhu narrates that Rasulullah (Allah bless him & give him peace) said: "Jumu'ah salaat becomes obligatory on the person who believes
in Allah Ta'ala and the last day, except for the sick, musafir, woman,
child, and a slave. If a person occupies himself in something unnecessary, or
in some transaction, Allah Ta'ala also turns away from him and does not worry
about him and Allah is worthy of all praise. " (Mishkaat) In other words, He
is not affected by anyone's ibaadah nor does He benefit in any way. His
essence and being will remain the same irrespective of whether anyone praises
Him and worships Him or not.
10 . Hadrat Ibn Abbas radiallahuanhu says that the person who leaves out several jumu'ah salaats consecutively has in fact turned away from Islam. (Ash'atulLama'aat)
11 . A person asked Ibn Abbas radiallahuanhu regarding a person who passed away and who should not join the jumu'ah and jama'at salaats: "What do you have
to say regarding such a person?" He replied: "That person is in jahannam
. " This person continued asking him this question for a full month and he gave
him the same reply. (Ihyaa ul-Uloom)
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