Modern technology and Islam are sometimes seen as two opposites. Being Islamic is wrongly thought to mean that we can’t drive good cars, live in nice houses and use computers. What does Islam have to do with In-vitro fertilisation, the dynamics of nuclear technology, cloning and Star Trek style military technology?
Islam is not a religion like that of Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism and the like, who don’t have any solutions for the various problems of life. Allah (Exalted He) has given us rules for all the problems that we face whether in the 21st century CE or in the future, as He (Exalted He) is the all knowing and the Qur’an is for all time until the Day of Judgement.
“And we have sent down the book as an explanation for everything, a guidance, a mercy and glad tidings for those who submitted themselves to Islam.” [Quran 16:89]
Allah allowed for us to use various types of technology as long as it is in a halal way
“He it is Who created for you all that is on earth.” [Quran 2:29]
This includes cars, mobile phones, the Internet, satellites, missiles and DVD’s. The Messenger of Allah utilized the various technologies at his time, he even used the style of digging a trench which taken from Persians, in the Battle of the Ditch. Technology can be used for halal or haram, it is not the thing which is haram it is what you do with it. As an example, the Internet and DVD’s can be used for haram such as promoting indecency or can be used in a halal way to promote Islam.
Islam demands that we become leaders in science; we will have to run the Islamic State which must lead the world, economically, militarily and politically. This is why we find that in Islamic history the Muslims were the most advanced in the fields of science including optometry, biology and mathematics.
During the time of Khaleefah Haroon al-Rashid [169-194 AH] the Islamic State developed mobile clinics and hospitals and many schools of pharmacy and chemists were established. In 318 AH [931CE] Baghdad alone had 860 registered physicians.
Zakariya Razi is a great name in mediaeval chemical science. Born in 850 C.E, he is known as one of the greatest physicians of all times. He wrote Kitab al-Asrar a chemistry book dealing with the preparation of chemical substances and their application.
Abu Yusuf ibn Ishaq, known as al-Kindi was born in Kufa in the middle of the 9th Century. He is one of the greatest scholars of physics. Over and above this, he was an astrologer, alchemist and optician. He wrote more than 265 books, of these fifteen are on meteorology, several on specific weight, on tides, on optics and on reflection of light. He wrote several books on iron and steel.
‘Abdullah ibn Ahmad ibn al-Baytar, was the greatest botanist and pharmacist of Spain. He travelled the world in search of plants and herbs, from Spain to Syria. He wrote books described more than 1400 medical drugs and compared them with the records of more than 150 ancient and Arabian authors.
Abu’l ‘Ali al-Husayn ibn ‘Abd Allah ibn Sina, called Avicenna in the West, was one of the greatest scientists in history. At the age of 21 he wrote a twenty volume book on science called Kitab al-Hasil wa’l-Hahsul dealing with all sciences. He also wrote Kitab al-Majmu’ on mathematics.