"The Night Of Power. ياليلة القدر"
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
In Islamic belief, Lailat al Qadr (The Night of Power) (Shab-e-Qadr [Farsi] Kadir gecesinin [Turkish]), The Night of Power, is the night of the first revelation of Islam to the Prophet Mohamed, and hence the beginning of the series of revelations that collectively form The Holy Qur'an. This is a special night within the month of Ramadan. However, as the exact date of the night was deliberately not revealed, it is thought to be one of the odd numbered nights during the last 10 days of the month--(19), 21, 23, 25, 27, or 29 Ramadan.
This encourages the extension of special worship over the 10 days, and especially the odd numbered nights, so that the last 1/3 of the month of Ramadan is one of extra prayer (including Taraweeh, the post-Isha prayers during Ramadan), readings of holy texts, communal prayer at night in the mosque, and of observance. It is also a special period of asking for forgiveness from Allah--forgiveness of oneself, and of others on their behalf. Prayers in support of others who require help are another important form of prayer, and especially at this time.
Surah 97 of The Holy Quran, Al-Qadr (Power, Fate or Destiny), addresses Lailat al Qadr specifically:
AL-QADR (POWER, FATE) Total Verses: 5 Revealed At: MAKKA
097.001 We have indeed revealed this (Message) in the Night of Power: 097.002 And what will explain to thee what the night of power is? 097.003 The Night of Power is better than a thousand months. 097.004 Therein come down the angels and the Spirit by Allah's permission, on every errand: 097.005 Peace!...This until the rise of morn!
This Night of Power is by extension a night when prayers are believed to be rewarded as if they were prayed for a thousand months--a lifetime (83.4 years). Thus many Muslims spend the entire night, or nights, in prayer, some taking time from work, some essentially living at the mosque. In addition to traditional prayers, Muslims make a special effort to read The Holy Quran. Other texts about the faith may be read as well. Books of Quranic explication, books about the lives of the Prophet and his companions, books about religious law, and about forms of prayer may all be part of the special worship during this time.
In addition to the physical demands of Ramadan, praying all night is physically demanding, and should be done in safe measure, and paced throughout the night if one is going to remain awake for it. Those whose occupations or life demands don't allow them to invert their days and nights need to be more carefuly not to over tax themselves nor to perform poorly or unsafely during the day, due to fatigue.
How to pray in laylat al qader?
The Messenger of Allah Mohammad (may peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to strive hard in worship during the last ten days of Ramadaan as he never did at any other time, praying, reading Qur’aan and making du’aa’. Al-Bukhaari and Muslim narrated from ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that when the last ten days of Ramadaan came, the ProphetMohammad(may peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would stay up at night and would wake his family up, and would abstain from marital relations. Ahmad and Muslim narrated that he used to used to strive hard in worship during the last ten days of Ramadaan as he never did at any other time.
The Prophet Mohammad (may peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) enjoined staying up and praying on Laylat al-Qadr out of faith and in the hope of reward. It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet Mohammad (may peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever stays up and prays on Laylat al-Qadr out of faith and in the hope of reward, his previous sins will be forgiven.” Agreed upon. This hadeeth indicates that it is prescribed to observe Laylat al-Qadr by spending the night in prayer.
One of the best du’aa’s that may be recited on Laylat al-Qadr is that which The ProphetMohammad (may peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) taught to ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her). Al-Tirmidhi narrated, and classed the report as saheeh, that ‘Aa’ishah said: “I said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, if I know which night is Laylat al-Qadr, what should I say on that night?’ He said, ‘Say: Allaahumma innaka ‘afuwwun tuhibb al-‘afwa fa’affu ‘anni (O Allaah, You are forgiving and You love forgiveness, so forgive me).”
With regard to specifying which night of Ramadaan is Laylat al-Qadr, this needs specific evidence, but the odd-numbered nights during the last ten nights are more likely than others, and the night of the twenty-seventh is the most likely to be Laylat al-Qadr, because that is mentioned in the ahaadeeth.
We are not sure which day it is for certain, so we pray as much as we can during the nights of the last 10 days. It is assumed its an odd night, but its good to do all 10, just in case.
Nonetheless, this last period of Ramadan is a special one, and an opportunity to be extra reflective, and extra forgiving of others, before the ending of the month, and the celebration of thanks giving, Eid Al-Fitr.