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"بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم"
In the name of Allah (God), Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Tooth Brushing between Medicine and Islam:
Narrated by Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه)
Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, "If I had not found it hard for my followers or the people, I would have ordered them to clean their teeth with siwak for every prayer."
(Volume 2, Book 13, Number 12, Sahih Bukhari).
Narrated by Hudhaifa (رضي الله عنه)
Whenever the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) got up for Tahajjud prayer he used to clean his mouth (and teeth) with siwak.
(Volume 2, Book 21, Number 237, Sahih Bukhari)
Narrated by Abu Huraira: (رضي الله عنه)
The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, "If somebody eats or drinks forgetfully then he should complete his fast, for what he has eaten or drunk, has been given to him by Allah." Narrated 'Amir bin Rabi'a (رضي الله عنه), "I saw the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) cleaning his teeth with siwak while he was fasting so many times as I can't count." And narrated Abu Huraira, "The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, ' But for my fear that it would be hard for my followers, I would have ordered them to clean their teeth with siwak on every performance of ablution." The same is narrated by Jabir and Zaid bin Khalid (رضي الله عنه) from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) who did not differentiate between a fasting and a nonfasting person in this respect (using siwak). Aisha said, "The Prophet said, "It (i.e. siwak) is purification for the mouth and it is a way of seeking Allah's pleasures." Ata' and Qatada said, "There is no harm in swallowing the resultant saliva."
(Volume 3, Book 31, Number 154, Sahih Bukhari).
An- Nawaw (رضي الله عنه)i said it is sunnah and not compulsory in any condition through the consensus of the scholars.
Ibn al- Kayyim (رضي الله عنه) said: tooth brushing is recommended act for both fasting and non fasting person in any time because it is not specified in Hadiths, also it is needed for a person whose fasting in the sake of Allah’s pleasure and His pleasure is demanding in fasting than any other time, so purification is the best deed for a fasting person.
The mouth is the entry for food and drinks and it is connected to the outer world, therefore it is exposed more to the germs which we call orogerminal group like staphylococci, streptococci, pneumococcus, lactobacillus, bacilli and spirochaeta. These germs are inactive in the healthy person, but it could be contagious and harmful if the food remaining were in the mouth and between the teeth until it ferments by the germs leading to bad smell, tooth decay or salts accretion around the teeth which could result in (dental calculus) or gingivitis and pyorrhea. Furthermore, these germs could move to far areas in the body making various infections like, gastritis, sinusitis or tracheitis and it may cause abscess in different places in the body, moreover it may lead to pyotoxinemia or blood full of germs causing pyrectic diseases. It is known that the most important thing to take care of in the mouth is the teeth, thus they have important functions and their diseases have a big impact on the public health. Therefore, tooth brushing" siwaak" can prevent these diseases, in fact the saliva has condensed salts and if they were in a surface that is far from the natural cleaning motions like the tongue movement or unnatural like tooth brushing, these salts will deposit especially in the gum forming dental plaque. Then the germs react with the food remaining, especially sugars that exist in the mouth, forming organic acids that dissolve the enamel then the dentine. The tooth decay becomes bigger when the carelessness of the mouth cleaning continues.
The microscopy on the tooth stick results that there are silica crystals and acidosis calx which is useful in getting rid of stains and dental calculus. In addition, Dr.Tariq al-Korey says that there is chloride with silica; these are substances that provide extra whitening, also a gummatous substance which covers the enamel and protects the teeth against curiosity. It is shown that vitamin C and amine trait the damages on the gum, and sulfuric substance that fights curiosity (condition of being decayed or carious, especially with regard to teeth).
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