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Umm Ayman: Mother After the Prophet’s Mother

he first luminous figure in this series that was a companion is Barakah raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) also known as Umm Ayman.  Umm Ayman  was Abyssinian and a servant of Abdullah bin Abdil Muttalib, the father of the Prophet . When Aminah, the mother of the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) died, Umm Ayman took over as primary care-giver of the Prophet .  Umm Ayman was later emancipated at the time of the marriage of the Prophet  to Sayyidah Khadijah bint Khuwaylid raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her)

Umm Ayman was one of the early adherents of Islam in Mecca and was one of those who faced persecution from Quraysh.  She was among those who migrated from Mecca to Al-Madinah.

Umm Ayman’s first marriage was to Ubayd bin Zayd raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) who was from Bani Khazraj, a prominent tribe in the Hijaz.  According to ibn Kathir in Al-Bidayah wa An-Nihayah and others, Ubayd (RA) himself was black in color or Al-Habashi though his lineage was from Bani Khazraj, a prominent Arab tribe in the Hijaz.  Umm Ayman  and Ubayd  bore a son named Ayman  who was also black.  Ubayd  was martyred at Ghazwah Khaybar, and Ayman  was martyred at Ghazwah Hunayn.  Umm Ayman  participated in Ghazwah Uhud and Ghazwah Khaybar.

After Ubayd’s martyrdom, it’s reported by Ibn Sa’ad in At-Tabaqat Al-Kubra that the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) said to the companions that if anyone wanted to marry a lady from the People of Paradise then marry Umm Ayman raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) .  Zayd bin Harithah , the man who the Prophet  emancipated and raised like a son, was then married to Umm Ayman .  Though Zayd  was Arab and there are some conflicting descriptions about his physical appearance, Tanwir Al-Ghabash min Fadl Al-Sudan wa Al-Habash by ibn Al-Jawzi and others states that Zayd raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) was short with a flat nose and had dark skin.

Umm Ayman had a particularly close relationship to Ahl al-Bayt, the Household of the Prophet .  She shared intimate moments with Ahl al-Bayt such as being present at the marriage that the Prophet  conducted between his daughter Sayyidah Fatimah raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) and Ali raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) .  At the time of the passing of the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) , she grieved alongside Ahl al-Bayt.

There are conflicting narrations about Umm Ayman’s passing.

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